Structured home visits to older people. Are they only of benefit for women? A randomised controlled trial.

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether education of primary care professionals improved functional ability in home-dwelling older people, with special focus on gender differences. DESIGN: A prospective controlled three-year follow-up study (1999-2001) with randomisation and intervention at municipality level and outcomes measured at individual level. Intervention municipality visitors received regular education and GPs were introduced to a short assessment programme. Control municipalities received no education but conducted the preventive programme in their own way. SETTING: Primary care, 34 municipalities. SUBJECTS: 5788 home-dwelling 75- and 80-year-olds were invited. 4060 (70.1%) participated: 2104 in 17 intervention- and 1956 in 17 matched control-municipalities. The main outcome measure was obtained from 3383 (95.6%) of 3540 surviving participants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Functional ability. RESULTS: Municipality intervention in coordination with GPs was associated with better functional ability in women (OR: 1.26; CI95: 1.08-1.47, p=0.004), but not in men (OR: 1.04; CI95: 1.85-1.27). Accepting and receiving free preventive home visits was associated with better functional ability among women (OR: 1.36; CI95: 1.16-1.60, p=0.0002), but not among men (OR: 0.98; CI95: 0.80-1.21). CONCLUSION: A brief, feasible educational intervention for primary care professionals and to accept and receive preventive home visits may have effect in older women, but not in older men.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)106-11
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Denmark; Female; House Calls; Humans; Prospective Studies

ID: 6109358