The pathogenesis of tendinopathy: balancing the response to loading

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The pathogenesis of tendinopathy : balancing the response to loading. / Magnusson, S Peter; Langberg, Henning; Kjær, Michael.

In: Nature Reviews Rheumatology, Vol. 6, No. 5, 2010, p. 262-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Magnusson, SP, Langberg, H & Kjær, M 2010, 'The pathogenesis of tendinopathy: balancing the response to loading', Nature Reviews Rheumatology, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 262-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrrheum.2010.43

APA

Magnusson, S. P., Langberg, H., & Kjær, M. (2010). The pathogenesis of tendinopathy: balancing the response to loading. Nature Reviews Rheumatology, 6(5), 262-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrrheum.2010.43

Vancouver

Magnusson SP, Langberg H, Kjær M. The pathogenesis of tendinopathy: balancing the response to loading. Nature Reviews Rheumatology. 2010;6(5):262-8. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrrheum.2010.43

Author

Magnusson, S Peter ; Langberg, Henning ; Kjær, Michael. / The pathogenesis of tendinopathy : balancing the response to loading. In: Nature Reviews Rheumatology. 2010 ; Vol. 6, No. 5. pp. 262-8.

Bibtex

@article{f18da1bb819d480b831920c64d18513a,
title = "The pathogenesis of tendinopathy: balancing the response to loading",
abstract = "Tendons are designed to withstand considerable loads. Mechanical loading of tendon tissue results in upregulation of collagen expression and increased synthesis of collagen protein, the extent of which is probably regulated by the strain experienced by the resident fibroblasts (tenocytes). This increase in collagen formation peaks around 24 h after exercise and remains elevated for about 3 days. The degradation of collagen proteins also rises after exercise, but seems to peak earlier than the synthesis. Despite the ability of tendons to adapt to loading, repetitive use often results in injuries, such as tendinopathy, which is characterized by pain during activity, localized tenderness upon palpation, swelling and impaired performance. Tendon histological changes include reduced numbers and rounding of fibroblasts, increased content of proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans and water, hypervascularization and disorganized collagen fibrils. At the molecular level, the levels of messenger RNA for type I and III collagens, proteoglycans, angiogenic factors, stress and regenerative proteins and proteolytic enzymes are increased. Tendon microrupture and material fatigue have been suggested as possible injury mechanisms, thus implying that one or more 'weak links' are present in the structure. Understanding how tendon tissue adapts to mechanical loading will help to unravel the pathogenesis of tendinopathy.",
keywords = "Biomechanics, Collagen, Humans, Stress, Mechanical, Tendinopathy, Tendons",
author = "Magnusson, {S Peter} and Henning Langberg and Michael Kj{\ae}r",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1038/nrrheum.2010.43",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "262--8",
journal = "Nature Reviews Rheumatology",
issn = "1759-4790",
publisher = "nature publishing group",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The pathogenesis of tendinopathy

T2 - balancing the response to loading

AU - Magnusson, S Peter

AU - Langberg, Henning

AU - Kjær, Michael

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Tendons are designed to withstand considerable loads. Mechanical loading of tendon tissue results in upregulation of collagen expression and increased synthesis of collagen protein, the extent of which is probably regulated by the strain experienced by the resident fibroblasts (tenocytes). This increase in collagen formation peaks around 24 h after exercise and remains elevated for about 3 days. The degradation of collagen proteins also rises after exercise, but seems to peak earlier than the synthesis. Despite the ability of tendons to adapt to loading, repetitive use often results in injuries, such as tendinopathy, which is characterized by pain during activity, localized tenderness upon palpation, swelling and impaired performance. Tendon histological changes include reduced numbers and rounding of fibroblasts, increased content of proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans and water, hypervascularization and disorganized collagen fibrils. At the molecular level, the levels of messenger RNA for type I and III collagens, proteoglycans, angiogenic factors, stress and regenerative proteins and proteolytic enzymes are increased. Tendon microrupture and material fatigue have been suggested as possible injury mechanisms, thus implying that one or more 'weak links' are present in the structure. Understanding how tendon tissue adapts to mechanical loading will help to unravel the pathogenesis of tendinopathy.

AB - Tendons are designed to withstand considerable loads. Mechanical loading of tendon tissue results in upregulation of collagen expression and increased synthesis of collagen protein, the extent of which is probably regulated by the strain experienced by the resident fibroblasts (tenocytes). This increase in collagen formation peaks around 24 h after exercise and remains elevated for about 3 days. The degradation of collagen proteins also rises after exercise, but seems to peak earlier than the synthesis. Despite the ability of tendons to adapt to loading, repetitive use often results in injuries, such as tendinopathy, which is characterized by pain during activity, localized tenderness upon palpation, swelling and impaired performance. Tendon histological changes include reduced numbers and rounding of fibroblasts, increased content of proteoglycans, glycosaminoglycans and water, hypervascularization and disorganized collagen fibrils. At the molecular level, the levels of messenger RNA for type I and III collagens, proteoglycans, angiogenic factors, stress and regenerative proteins and proteolytic enzymes are increased. Tendon microrupture and material fatigue have been suggested as possible injury mechanisms, thus implying that one or more 'weak links' are present in the structure. Understanding how tendon tissue adapts to mechanical loading will help to unravel the pathogenesis of tendinopathy.

KW - Biomechanics

KW - Collagen

KW - Humans

KW - Stress, Mechanical

KW - Tendinopathy

KW - Tendons

U2 - 10.1038/nrrheum.2010.43

DO - 10.1038/nrrheum.2010.43

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20308995

VL - 6

SP - 262

EP - 268

JO - Nature Reviews Rheumatology

JF - Nature Reviews Rheumatology

SN - 1759-4790

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 38364327