Weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work, and the risk of cardiovascular disease

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work, and the risk of cardiovascular disease. / Mortensen, Jesper; Dich, Nadya; Lange, Theis; Ramlau-Hansen, Cecilia Høst; Head, Jenny; Kivimäki, Mika; Leineweber, Constanze; Hulvej Rod, Naja.

In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 28, No. 4, 01.08.2018, p. 743-747.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Mortensen, J, Dich, N, Lange, T, Ramlau-Hansen, CH, Head, J, Kivimäki, M, Leineweber, C & Hulvej Rod, N 2018, 'Weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work, and the risk of cardiovascular disease', European Journal of Public Health, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 743-747. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx227

APA

Mortensen, J., Dich, N., Lange, T., Ramlau-Hansen, C. H., Head, J., Kivimäki, M., ... Hulvej Rod, N. (2018). Weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work, and the risk of cardiovascular disease. European Journal of Public Health, 28(4), 743-747. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx227

Vancouver

Mortensen J, Dich N, Lange T, Ramlau-Hansen CH, Head J, Kivimäki M et al. Weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work, and the risk of cardiovascular disease. European Journal of Public Health. 2018 Aug 1;28(4):743-747. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx227

Author

Mortensen, Jesper ; Dich, Nadya ; Lange, Theis ; Ramlau-Hansen, Cecilia Høst ; Head, Jenny ; Kivimäki, Mika ; Leineweber, Constanze ; Hulvej Rod, Naja. / Weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work, and the risk of cardiovascular disease. In: European Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 743-747.

Bibtex

@article{9200fa9754b84312b866c565928b66e1,
title = "Weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work, and the risk of cardiovascular disease",
abstract = "Background: Little is known on the association between weekly hours of informal caregiving and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective was to investigate the individual and joint effects of weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work on the risk of CVD.Methods: Pooled analysis with 1396 informal caregivers in gainful employment, from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health and the Whitehall II study. Informal caregiving was defined as care for an aged or disabled relative. The outcome was CVD during 10 years follow-up. Analyzes were adjusted for age, sex, children, marital status and occupational grade.Results: There were 59 cases of CVD. Providing care >20 h weekly were associated with a higher risk of CVD compared to those providing care 1-8 h weekly (hazard ratio = 2.63, 95{\%}CI: 1.20; 5.76), irrespectively of weekly work hours. In sensitivity analyzes, we found this risk to be markedly higher among long-term caregivers (6.17, 95{\%}CI: 1.73; 22.1) compared to short-term caregivers (0.89, 95{\%}CI: 0.10; 8.08). Caregivers working ≥55 h weekly were at higher risk of CVD (2.23, 95{\%}CI: 1.14; 4.35) compared to those working 35-40 h weekly. Those providing care >8 h and working ≤40 h weekly had a higher risk of CVD compared to those providing care 1-8 h and working ≤40 h (3.23, 95{\%}CI: 1.25; 8.37).Conclusion: A high number of weekly hours of informal caregiving as opposed to few weekly hours is associated with a higher risk of CVD, irrespectively of weekly work hours. The excess risk seemed to be driven by those providing care over long periods of time.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Jesper Mortensen and Nadya Dich and Theis Lange and Ramlau-Hansen, {Cecilia H{\o}st} and Jenny Head and Mika Kivim{\"a}ki and Constanze Leineweber and {Hulvej Rod}, Naja",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/eurpub/ckx227",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "743--747",
journal = "European Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1101-1262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work, and the risk of cardiovascular disease

AU - Mortensen, Jesper

AU - Dich, Nadya

AU - Lange, Theis

AU - Ramlau-Hansen, Cecilia Høst

AU - Head, Jenny

AU - Kivimäki, Mika

AU - Leineweber, Constanze

AU - Hulvej Rod, Naja

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - Background: Little is known on the association between weekly hours of informal caregiving and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective was to investigate the individual and joint effects of weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work on the risk of CVD.Methods: Pooled analysis with 1396 informal caregivers in gainful employment, from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health and the Whitehall II study. Informal caregiving was defined as care for an aged or disabled relative. The outcome was CVD during 10 years follow-up. Analyzes were adjusted for age, sex, children, marital status and occupational grade.Results: There were 59 cases of CVD. Providing care >20 h weekly were associated with a higher risk of CVD compared to those providing care 1-8 h weekly (hazard ratio = 2.63, 95%CI: 1.20; 5.76), irrespectively of weekly work hours. In sensitivity analyzes, we found this risk to be markedly higher among long-term caregivers (6.17, 95%CI: 1.73; 22.1) compared to short-term caregivers (0.89, 95%CI: 0.10; 8.08). Caregivers working ≥55 h weekly were at higher risk of CVD (2.23, 95%CI: 1.14; 4.35) compared to those working 35-40 h weekly. Those providing care >8 h and working ≤40 h weekly had a higher risk of CVD compared to those providing care 1-8 h and working ≤40 h (3.23, 95%CI: 1.25; 8.37).Conclusion: A high number of weekly hours of informal caregiving as opposed to few weekly hours is associated with a higher risk of CVD, irrespectively of weekly work hours. The excess risk seemed to be driven by those providing care over long periods of time.

AB - Background: Little is known on the association between weekly hours of informal caregiving and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective was to investigate the individual and joint effects of weekly hours of informal caregiving and paid work on the risk of CVD.Methods: Pooled analysis with 1396 informal caregivers in gainful employment, from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health and the Whitehall II study. Informal caregiving was defined as care for an aged or disabled relative. The outcome was CVD during 10 years follow-up. Analyzes were adjusted for age, sex, children, marital status and occupational grade.Results: There were 59 cases of CVD. Providing care >20 h weekly were associated with a higher risk of CVD compared to those providing care 1-8 h weekly (hazard ratio = 2.63, 95%CI: 1.20; 5.76), irrespectively of weekly work hours. In sensitivity analyzes, we found this risk to be markedly higher among long-term caregivers (6.17, 95%CI: 1.73; 22.1) compared to short-term caregivers (0.89, 95%CI: 0.10; 8.08). Caregivers working ≥55 h weekly were at higher risk of CVD (2.23, 95%CI: 1.14; 4.35) compared to those working 35-40 h weekly. Those providing care >8 h and working ≤40 h weekly had a higher risk of CVD compared to those providing care 1-8 h and working ≤40 h (3.23, 95%CI: 1.25; 8.37).Conclusion: A high number of weekly hours of informal caregiving as opposed to few weekly hours is associated with a higher risk of CVD, irrespectively of weekly work hours. The excess risk seemed to be driven by those providing care over long periods of time.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/ckx227

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/ckx227

M3 - Journal article

VL - 28

SP - 743

EP - 747

JO - European Journal of Public Health

JF - European Journal of Public Health

SN - 1101-1262

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 189150991