Demography of aging

In the developed countries life expectancy has increased annually by 2-3 months for more than 150 years. This is due to reduced mortality in different ages at different periods. Today, the survival improvement in older ages is the main contributor to the ever-increasing life expectancy.

Research program:

We investigate changes in mortality patterns with focus on social disparity in lifespan. Furthermore, we study whether the gain in life expectancy is expected to be lived with or without functional limitations (physical, cognitive etc.) or other health conditions by estimating trends in health expectancy (disability-free life expectancy, disease-free life expectancy etc.) We will analyze gender and social inequalities in health expectancy using register data, SHARE and other surveys and linkage between registers and surveys.


Selected references:

Jørgensen TSH, Fors S, Nilsson CJ, Enroth L, Aaltonen M, Sundberg L, Brønnum-Hansen H, Strand BH, Chang M, Jylhä M. The ageing populations in the Nordic countries: mortality and longevity from 1990-2014 Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2018;46(in press).

Brønnum-Hansen H, Eriksen ML, Andersen-Ranberg K, Jeune B. Persistent social inequality in life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy: Outlook for a differential pension age in Denmark. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2017;45:459-462.

Brønnum-Hansen H. Socially disparate trends in lifespan variation: A trend study on income and mortality based on nationwide Danish register data. BMJ Open 2017;

Brønnum-Hansen H, Baadsgaard M, Eriksen ML, Andersen-Ranberg K, Jeune B. Educational inequalities in health expectancy during the financial crisis in Denmark. International Journal of Public Health 2015;60:927-935.