Health equity, labour market epidemiology and policy development
Tackling Health Inequalities and Extending Working Lives (THRIVE) aims at investigating the differential impacts of health on the opportunity to work later in life in order to develop policies for extending working life that address these inequalities.
- RQ1: How does the pattern of morbidity and co-morbidity with different physical and mental health conditions, and caring responsibilities vary over the life course?
- RQ2: What are the employment consequences of these changing patterns of morbidity?
- RQ3: What policy approaches/strategies have been taken in the study countries to extend the working lives of people and what is their potential inequalities impact?
- RQ4. How do the effects of policies that aim to promote employment at older ages differ by socioeconomic group, gender and for different health conditions?
- RQ5: What are the implications of changing health inequalities for development of policies to extend working lives fairly?
THRIVE is a collaboration between researchers from Liverpool, Stockholm, Toronto and Copenhagen. The project is supported by Innovationsfonden.
Social Inequality in Ageing; Health, care and institutional reforms in the Nordic Welfare Model
The sustainability of the Nordic model is a key issue in relation to an ageing population because of tis universal, comprehensive and largely tax-financed welfare model. The policy concept of “active ageing” is largely an attempt to a solution, concerned both with increasing retirement ages, participation in society and our possibility to independent living at old age.
The SIA project is collaboration between the Nordic countries and is organized into five work packages. The WP Health care needs and health care reforms: future needs and inequality impacts aims to answer the following questions:
- Is the current organization of health care conducive to meet the challenges and needs of the elderly?
- Do the observed patterns of in-patient health care utilizations reflect the changing needs of the elderly population?
- How can healthcare-needs be effectively and equitably met among the increasingly heterogeneous population, and how can inequalities be avoided?
- Are there diffentials in the treatment of specific diseases between different groups of elderly persons?
- How can health care be organized to become attractive workplaces for future employees?
- Which principles and systems of health care governance would resonate well with the professional ethos of health care staff?
The project is supported by Nordforsk.
The Equity and the socioeconomic impact of disease management programs in Denmark (EQUIP) research project aims to investigate two areas of health economics and health policy research.
The first area of interest is related to the recent implementation of disease management programs (DMPs) in Denmark. DMPs aim to achieve high overall quality of health care to patients with chronic diseases through coordinated and coherent progress of services needed over time within standardized patient pathways and enhanced coordination among relevant providers within and outside the health sector. There is currently only limited knowledge on how the impact of such complex programs may be evaluated and the EQUIP project will attempt to fill that gap. It is anticipated that the impact of DMPs will be assessed mainly by using data extracted from Danish public registers. A central part of the project will be to study the impact of socioeconomic position on the uptake and effects of DMPs (e.g. the effects of DMPs on socioeconomic inequality in health).
The second area of interest originates from the observation that mainstream health economic evaluation techniques do not explicitly incorporate concerns for equity despite the fact that aversion towards inequity is a core value in most health systems across the world. We will include surveys on a random sample of 2000 individuals diagnosed with diabetes or cardiovascular disease to supplement the register based information with self-reported level of health and utility-based measures of current health state (a more detailed description of the EQUIP project is available on request).
The project is collaboration with researchers from CHEP (Department of Public Health, Copenhagen University), is led by Professor Karsten Vrangbæk firstname.lastname@example.org.
The project is supported by the Novo Nordisk Foundation.