Quantitative health impact assessments
It is of great policy relevance to quantify and compare scenarios of expected consequences on population health of major policy initiatives and interventions and thereby facilitate cooperation between policy makers within different sectors. Quantitative health impact assessment (HIA) tools are developed for this purpose. We are connected with the international research group, which developed the EU-funded DYNAMO-HIA model (Dynamic Model for Health Impact Assessment), and we have implemented this model for use in a local Danish context. Further, socioeconomic position has been included when estimating expected change in disease burden.
The model has been used for HIA scenarios for the population of Copenhagen. Thus, the effect on selected diseases and mortality of different intervention scenarios targeted tobacco and alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, overweight and traffic-related air pollution in Copenhagen have been quantified.
Another project, carried out by an industrial PhD, adjusted and applied different methods for quantitative HIA to analyze the effect of traffic policy and increased cycling, and a number of interventions targeted high alcohol consumption.
Our work on development of methods for quantitative health impact assessments is carried out in collaboration with the health administration in the Municipality of Copenhagen and other relevant partners.