Expression of collagen and related growth factors in rat tendon and skeletal muscle in response to specific contraction types

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Expression of collagen and related growth factors in rat tendon and skeletal muscle in response to specific contraction types. / Heinemeier, K M; Olesen, J L; Haddad, F; Langberg, Henning; Kjær, Michael; Baldwin, K M; Schjerling, P.

In: Journal of Physiology, Vol. 582, No. 3, 2007, p. 1303-1316.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Heinemeier, KM, Olesen, JL, Haddad, F, Langberg, H, Kjær, M, Baldwin, KM & Schjerling, P 2007, 'Expression of collagen and related growth factors in rat tendon and skeletal muscle in response to specific contraction types', Journal of Physiology, vol. 582, no. 3, pp. 1303-1316. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2007.127639

APA

Heinemeier, K. M., Olesen, J. L., Haddad, F., Langberg, H., Kjær, M., Baldwin, K. M., & Schjerling, P. (2007). Expression of collagen and related growth factors in rat tendon and skeletal muscle in response to specific contraction types. Journal of Physiology, 582(3), 1303-1316. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2007.127639

Vancouver

Heinemeier KM, Olesen JL, Haddad F, Langberg H, Kjær M, Baldwin KM et al. Expression of collagen and related growth factors in rat tendon and skeletal muscle in response to specific contraction types. Journal of Physiology. 2007;582(3):1303-1316. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2007.127639

Author

Heinemeier, K M ; Olesen, J L ; Haddad, F ; Langberg, Henning ; Kjær, Michael ; Baldwin, K M ; Schjerling, P. / Expression of collagen and related growth factors in rat tendon and skeletal muscle in response to specific contraction types. In: Journal of Physiology. 2007 ; Vol. 582, No. 3. pp. 1303-1316.

Bibtex

@article{24af1e9020ec11ddbc23000ea68e967b,
title = "Expression of collagen and related growth factors in rat tendon and skeletal muscle in response to specific contraction types",
abstract = "Acute exercise induces collagen synthesis in both tendon and muscle, indicating an adaptive response in the connective tissue of the muscle-tendon unit. However, the mechanisms of this adaptation, potentially involving collagen-inducing growth factors (such as transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)), as well as enzymes related to collagen processing, are not clear. Furthermore, possible differential effects of specific contraction types on collagen regulation have not been investigated. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 4 days of concentric, eccentric or isometric training (n = 7-9 per group) of the medial gastrocnemius, by stimulation of the sciatic nerve. RNA was extracted from medial gastrocnemius and Achilles tendon tissue 24 h after the last training bout, and mRNA levels for collagens I and III, TGF-beta-1, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), lysyl oxidase (LOX), metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and -9) and their inhibitors (TIMP-1 and 2) were measured by Northern blotting and/or real-time PCR. In tendon, expression of TGF-beta-1 and collagens I and III (but not CTGF) increased in response to all types of training. Similarly, enzymes/factors involved in collagen processing were induced in tendon, especially LOX (up to 37-fold), which could indicate a loading-induced increase in cross-linking of tendon collagen. In skeletal muscle, a similar regulation of gene expression was observed, but in contrast to the tendon response, the effect of eccentric training was significantly greater than the effect of concentric training on the expression of several transcripts. In conclusion, the study supports an involvement of TGF-beta-1 in loading-induced collagen synthesis in the muscle-tendon unit and importantly, it indicates that muscle tissue is more sensitive than tendon to the specific mechanical stimulus.",
keywords = "Animals, Collagen, DNA Primers, Electric Stimulation, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Growth Substances, Hindlimb, Matrix Metalloproteinase 9, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Skeletal, Polymerase Chain Reaction, RNA, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Sciatic Nerve, Tendons",
author = "Heinemeier, {K M} and Olesen, {J L} and F Haddad and Henning Langberg and Michael Kj{\ae}r and Baldwin, {K M} and P Schjerling",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1113/jphysiol.2007.127639",
language = "English",
volume = "582",
pages = "1303--1316",
journal = "The Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0022-3751",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expression of collagen and related growth factors in rat tendon and skeletal muscle in response to specific contraction types

AU - Heinemeier, K M

AU - Olesen, J L

AU - Haddad, F

AU - Langberg, Henning

AU - Kjær, Michael

AU - Baldwin, K M

AU - Schjerling, P

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Acute exercise induces collagen synthesis in both tendon and muscle, indicating an adaptive response in the connective tissue of the muscle-tendon unit. However, the mechanisms of this adaptation, potentially involving collagen-inducing growth factors (such as transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)), as well as enzymes related to collagen processing, are not clear. Furthermore, possible differential effects of specific contraction types on collagen regulation have not been investigated. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 4 days of concentric, eccentric or isometric training (n = 7-9 per group) of the medial gastrocnemius, by stimulation of the sciatic nerve. RNA was extracted from medial gastrocnemius and Achilles tendon tissue 24 h after the last training bout, and mRNA levels for collagens I and III, TGF-beta-1, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), lysyl oxidase (LOX), metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and -9) and their inhibitors (TIMP-1 and 2) were measured by Northern blotting and/or real-time PCR. In tendon, expression of TGF-beta-1 and collagens I and III (but not CTGF) increased in response to all types of training. Similarly, enzymes/factors involved in collagen processing were induced in tendon, especially LOX (up to 37-fold), which could indicate a loading-induced increase in cross-linking of tendon collagen. In skeletal muscle, a similar regulation of gene expression was observed, but in contrast to the tendon response, the effect of eccentric training was significantly greater than the effect of concentric training on the expression of several transcripts. In conclusion, the study supports an involvement of TGF-beta-1 in loading-induced collagen synthesis in the muscle-tendon unit and importantly, it indicates that muscle tissue is more sensitive than tendon to the specific mechanical stimulus.

AB - Acute exercise induces collagen synthesis in both tendon and muscle, indicating an adaptive response in the connective tissue of the muscle-tendon unit. However, the mechanisms of this adaptation, potentially involving collagen-inducing growth factors (such as transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGF-beta-1)), as well as enzymes related to collagen processing, are not clear. Furthermore, possible differential effects of specific contraction types on collagen regulation have not been investigated. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 4 days of concentric, eccentric or isometric training (n = 7-9 per group) of the medial gastrocnemius, by stimulation of the sciatic nerve. RNA was extracted from medial gastrocnemius and Achilles tendon tissue 24 h after the last training bout, and mRNA levels for collagens I and III, TGF-beta-1, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), lysyl oxidase (LOX), metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and -9) and their inhibitors (TIMP-1 and 2) were measured by Northern blotting and/or real-time PCR. In tendon, expression of TGF-beta-1 and collagens I and III (but not CTGF) increased in response to all types of training. Similarly, enzymes/factors involved in collagen processing were induced in tendon, especially LOX (up to 37-fold), which could indicate a loading-induced increase in cross-linking of tendon collagen. In skeletal muscle, a similar regulation of gene expression was observed, but in contrast to the tendon response, the effect of eccentric training was significantly greater than the effect of concentric training on the expression of several transcripts. In conclusion, the study supports an involvement of TGF-beta-1 in loading-induced collagen synthesis in the muscle-tendon unit and importantly, it indicates that muscle tissue is more sensitive than tendon to the specific mechanical stimulus.

KW - Animals

KW - Collagen

KW - DNA Primers

KW - Electric Stimulation

KW - Female

KW - Gene Expression Regulation

KW - Growth Substances

KW - Hindlimb

KW - Matrix Metalloproteinase 9

KW - Muscle Contraction

KW - Muscle, Skeletal

KW - Polymerase Chain Reaction

KW - RNA

KW - Rats

KW - Rats, Sprague-Dawley

KW - Sciatic Nerve

KW - Tendons

U2 - 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.127639

DO - 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.127639

M3 - Journal article

VL - 582

SP - 1303

EP - 1316

JO - The Journal of Physiology

JF - The Journal of Physiology

SN - 0022-3751

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 4036221