Adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and risk of myocardial infarction in middle-aged Danes: the diet, cancer and health cohort study

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Adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and risk of myocardial infarction in middle-aged Danes : the diet, cancer and health cohort study. / Gunge, V. B.; Andersen, I.; Kyrø, C.; Hansen, C. P.; Dahm, C. C.; Christensen, J.; Tjønneland, A.; Olsen, A.

In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 71, No. 5, 05.2017, p. 652-658.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Gunge, VB, Andersen, I, Kyrø, C, Hansen, CP, Dahm, CC, Christensen, J, Tjønneland, A & Olsen, A 2017, 'Adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and risk of myocardial infarction in middle-aged Danes: the diet, cancer and health cohort study', European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 71, no. 5, pp. 652-658. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2017.1

APA

Gunge, V. B., Andersen, I., Kyrø, C., Hansen, C. P., Dahm, C. C., Christensen, J., ... Olsen, A. (2017). Adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and risk of myocardial infarction in middle-aged Danes: the diet, cancer and health cohort study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(5), 652-658. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2017.1

Vancouver

Gunge VB, Andersen I, Kyrø C, Hansen CP, Dahm CC, Christensen J et al. Adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and risk of myocardial infarction in middle-aged Danes: the diet, cancer and health cohort study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2017 May;71(5):652-658. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2017.1

Author

Gunge, V. B. ; Andersen, I. ; Kyrø, C. ; Hansen, C. P. ; Dahm, C. C. ; Christensen, J. ; Tjønneland, A. ; Olsen, A. / Adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and risk of myocardial infarction in middle-aged Danes : the diet, cancer and health cohort study. In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2017 ; Vol. 71, No. 5. pp. 652-658.

Bibtex

@article{7e75d47ceeb84eb69b78606f97d81174,
title = "Adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and risk of myocardial infarction in middle-aged Danes: the diet, cancer and health cohort study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: For decades, the Mediterranean diet has been in focus regarding healthy eating as it has been associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases. Less interest has been given to health benefits of other regional diets.The aim of the present study was to assess whether adherence to a healthy Nordic food index was associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among middle-aged Danes.SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were obtained from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study of 57 053 men and women aged 50 − 64 years recruited between 1993 and 1997. The healthy Nordic food index comprised healthy Nordic food items selected a priori (fish, cabbage, rye bread, oatmeal, apple and pears and root vegetables). Information on incident MI was ascertained through linkage with national registries. Hazard ratios (HR) with 95{\%} confidence intervals (CI) were estimated from sex-specific Cox proportional hazard models.RESULTS: In total, 1669 men and 653 women developed MI during follow-up (13.6 median years). In adjusted models, those with an index score of 5 − 6 points (highest scores) had significantly lower MI risk (men: HR = 0.77, 95{\%} CI = 0.62, 0.97; women: HR = 0.55, 95{\%} CI = 0.37, 0.82) relative to those scoring 0 points in the index (lowest score). A significantly lower MI risk was found per 1-point increment in the index in both men (HR = 0.95, 95{\%} CI = 0.92, 0.99) and women (HR = 0.93, 95{\%} CI = 0.88, 0.98).CONCLUSIONS: A healthy Nordic diet is associated with lower MI risk among middle-aged Danes, suggesting that Nordic diets should be considered in recommendations for dietary changes in the promotion of coronary health.",
author = "Gunge, {V. B.} and I. Andersen and C. Kyr{\o} and Hansen, {C. P.} and Dahm, {C. C.} and J. Christensen and A. Tj{\o}nneland and A. Olsen",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1038/ejcn.2017.1",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "652--658",
journal = "European Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0954-3007",
publisher = "nature publishing group",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and risk of myocardial infarction in middle-aged Danes

T2 - the diet, cancer and health cohort study

AU - Gunge, V. B.

AU - Andersen, I.

AU - Kyrø, C.

AU - Hansen, C. P.

AU - Dahm, C. C.

AU - Christensen, J.

AU - Tjønneland, A.

AU - Olsen, A.

PY - 2017/5

Y1 - 2017/5

N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: For decades, the Mediterranean diet has been in focus regarding healthy eating as it has been associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases. Less interest has been given to health benefits of other regional diets.The aim of the present study was to assess whether adherence to a healthy Nordic food index was associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among middle-aged Danes.SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were obtained from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study of 57 053 men and women aged 50 − 64 years recruited between 1993 and 1997. The healthy Nordic food index comprised healthy Nordic food items selected a priori (fish, cabbage, rye bread, oatmeal, apple and pears and root vegetables). Information on incident MI was ascertained through linkage with national registries. Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated from sex-specific Cox proportional hazard models.RESULTS: In total, 1669 men and 653 women developed MI during follow-up (13.6 median years). In adjusted models, those with an index score of 5 − 6 points (highest scores) had significantly lower MI risk (men: HR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.62, 0.97; women: HR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.37, 0.82) relative to those scoring 0 points in the index (lowest score). A significantly lower MI risk was found per 1-point increment in the index in both men (HR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.92, 0.99) and women (HR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.88, 0.98).CONCLUSIONS: A healthy Nordic diet is associated with lower MI risk among middle-aged Danes, suggesting that Nordic diets should be considered in recommendations for dietary changes in the promotion of coronary health.

AB - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: For decades, the Mediterranean diet has been in focus regarding healthy eating as it has been associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases. Less interest has been given to health benefits of other regional diets.The aim of the present study was to assess whether adherence to a healthy Nordic food index was associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among middle-aged Danes.SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were obtained from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study of 57 053 men and women aged 50 − 64 years recruited between 1993 and 1997. The healthy Nordic food index comprised healthy Nordic food items selected a priori (fish, cabbage, rye bread, oatmeal, apple and pears and root vegetables). Information on incident MI was ascertained through linkage with national registries. Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated from sex-specific Cox proportional hazard models.RESULTS: In total, 1669 men and 653 women developed MI during follow-up (13.6 median years). In adjusted models, those with an index score of 5 − 6 points (highest scores) had significantly lower MI risk (men: HR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.62, 0.97; women: HR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.37, 0.82) relative to those scoring 0 points in the index (lowest score). A significantly lower MI risk was found per 1-point increment in the index in both men (HR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.92, 0.99) and women (HR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.88, 0.98).CONCLUSIONS: A healthy Nordic diet is associated with lower MI risk among middle-aged Danes, suggesting that Nordic diets should be considered in recommendations for dietary changes in the promotion of coronary health.

U2 - 10.1038/ejcn.2017.1

DO - 10.1038/ejcn.2017.1

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28247857

VL - 71

SP - 652

EP - 658

JO - European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0954-3007

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 185242554