Assessment of depression in veterans across missions: A validity study using Rasch measurement models

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Assessment of depression in veterans across missions : A validity study using Rasch measurement models. / Karstoft, Karen-Inge; Nielsen, Anni B. S.; Nielsen, Tine.

In: European Journal of Psychotraumatology, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1326798, 2017, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Karstoft, K-I, Nielsen, ABS & Nielsen, T 2017, 'Assessment of depression in veterans across missions: A validity study using Rasch measurement models', European Journal of Psychotraumatology, vol. 8, no. 1, 1326798, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2017.1326798

APA

Karstoft, K-I., Nielsen, A. B. S., & Nielsen, T. (2017). Assessment of depression in veterans across missions: A validity study using Rasch measurement models. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 8(1), 1-10. [1326798]. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2017.1326798

Vancouver

Karstoft K-I, Nielsen ABS, Nielsen T. Assessment of depression in veterans across missions: A validity study using Rasch measurement models. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 2017;8(1):1-10. 1326798. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008198.2017.1326798

Author

Karstoft, Karen-Inge ; Nielsen, Anni B. S. ; Nielsen, Tine. / Assessment of depression in veterans across missions : A validity study using Rasch measurement models. In: European Journal of Psychotraumatology. 2017 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 1-10.

Bibtex

@article{9a07343059204cafb5acddba28ed6f3f,
title = "Assessment of depression in veterans across missions: A validity study using Rasch measurement models",
abstract = "Background: Depression is a common psychopathological outcome following military deployment. Previous studies have reported differing rates of post-deployment depression, indicating that the toll of war differs across missions. However, it is unclear to what degree the varying prevalence is due methodological differences. Studies comparing rates of depression across cohorts using the same methodology and ensuring measurement invariance are rare, leaving us with limited knowledge on the actual depression prevalence variance across missions. Objective: Applying Rasch models (RM), we aim to validate a measure of depression distributed to all personnel deployed with the Danish Defense since 1998. The main focus was establishing a sufficient sum score and measurement invariance relative to deployment cohort. Method: Two cohorts of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) deployed to Afghanistan in 2009 (ISAF7, N = 265) and 2013 (ISAF15, N = 271) were included. Participants filled out a questionnaire concerning their Psychological Reactions to International Missions (PRIM) approximately seven months after home-coming. The questionnaire included a 10-item scale of depression symptoms (PRIM-Depression). The validity of the PRIM-Depression was tested using RM with specific focus on differential item functioning (DIF) across the two cohorts. Results: The PRIM-Depression scale displayed excellent overall consistency and showed no problems with monotonicity or homogeneity. However, the full PRIM-Depression scale did not fit a pure RM. We therefore tested the fit of items to a graphical log-linear RM and found evidence of DIF for two items relative to cohort. We proceeded without these two items and tested the resulting 8-item version which fitted a pure RM without DIF on any of the exogenous variables. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the 10-item PRIM-Depression scale should be used to compare cohorts only with appropriate score equation. The 8-item version provides a sufficient statistic and can as such be applied using the raw score.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, PTSD, military, Validation, Questionnaire, Denmark, Item resonse theory, Rasch model, Depression, Military personnel, Psychometrics, Rasch decisions",
author = "Karen-Inge Karstoft and Nielsen, {Anni B. S.} and Tine Nielsen",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/20008198.2017.1326798",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "European Journal of Psychotraumatology",
issn = "2000-8198",
publisher = "Co-Action Publishing",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of depression in veterans across missions

T2 - A validity study using Rasch measurement models

AU - Karstoft, Karen-Inge

AU - Nielsen, Anni B. S.

AU - Nielsen, Tine

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Background: Depression is a common psychopathological outcome following military deployment. Previous studies have reported differing rates of post-deployment depression, indicating that the toll of war differs across missions. However, it is unclear to what degree the varying prevalence is due methodological differences. Studies comparing rates of depression across cohorts using the same methodology and ensuring measurement invariance are rare, leaving us with limited knowledge on the actual depression prevalence variance across missions. Objective: Applying Rasch models (RM), we aim to validate a measure of depression distributed to all personnel deployed with the Danish Defense since 1998. The main focus was establishing a sufficient sum score and measurement invariance relative to deployment cohort. Method: Two cohorts of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) deployed to Afghanistan in 2009 (ISAF7, N = 265) and 2013 (ISAF15, N = 271) were included. Participants filled out a questionnaire concerning their Psychological Reactions to International Missions (PRIM) approximately seven months after home-coming. The questionnaire included a 10-item scale of depression symptoms (PRIM-Depression). The validity of the PRIM-Depression was tested using RM with specific focus on differential item functioning (DIF) across the two cohorts. Results: The PRIM-Depression scale displayed excellent overall consistency and showed no problems with monotonicity or homogeneity. However, the full PRIM-Depression scale did not fit a pure RM. We therefore tested the fit of items to a graphical log-linear RM and found evidence of DIF for two items relative to cohort. We proceeded without these two items and tested the resulting 8-item version which fitted a pure RM without DIF on any of the exogenous variables. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the 10-item PRIM-Depression scale should be used to compare cohorts only with appropriate score equation. The 8-item version provides a sufficient statistic and can as such be applied using the raw score.

AB - Background: Depression is a common psychopathological outcome following military deployment. Previous studies have reported differing rates of post-deployment depression, indicating that the toll of war differs across missions. However, it is unclear to what degree the varying prevalence is due methodological differences. Studies comparing rates of depression across cohorts using the same methodology and ensuring measurement invariance are rare, leaving us with limited knowledge on the actual depression prevalence variance across missions. Objective: Applying Rasch models (RM), we aim to validate a measure of depression distributed to all personnel deployed with the Danish Defense since 1998. The main focus was establishing a sufficient sum score and measurement invariance relative to deployment cohort. Method: Two cohorts of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) deployed to Afghanistan in 2009 (ISAF7, N = 265) and 2013 (ISAF15, N = 271) were included. Participants filled out a questionnaire concerning their Psychological Reactions to International Missions (PRIM) approximately seven months after home-coming. The questionnaire included a 10-item scale of depression symptoms (PRIM-Depression). The validity of the PRIM-Depression was tested using RM with specific focus on differential item functioning (DIF) across the two cohorts. Results: The PRIM-Depression scale displayed excellent overall consistency and showed no problems with monotonicity or homogeneity. However, the full PRIM-Depression scale did not fit a pure RM. We therefore tested the fit of items to a graphical log-linear RM and found evidence of DIF for two items relative to cohort. We proceeded without these two items and tested the resulting 8-item version which fitted a pure RM without DIF on any of the exogenous variables. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the 10-item PRIM-Depression scale should be used to compare cohorts only with appropriate score equation. The 8-item version provides a sufficient statistic and can as such be applied using the raw score.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - PTSD

KW - military

KW - Validation

KW - Questionnaire

KW - Denmark

KW - Item resonse theory

KW - Rasch model

KW - Depression

KW - Military personnel

KW - Psychometrics

KW - Rasch decisions

U2 - 10.1080/20008198.2017.1326798

DO - 10.1080/20008198.2017.1326798

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - European Journal of Psychotraumatology

JF - European Journal of Psychotraumatology

SN - 2000-8198

IS - 1

M1 - 1326798

ER -

ID: 173261894