Association of Thyroid Dysfunction With Cognitive Function An Individual Participant Data Analysis

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Association of Thyroid Dysfunction With Cognitive Function An Individual Participant Data Analysis. / van Vliet, Nicolien A.; van Heemst, Diana; Almeida, Osvaldo P.; Asvold, Bjorn O.; Aubert, Carole E.; Bin Bae, Jong; Barnes, Linda E.; Bauer, Douglas C.; Blauw, Gerard J.; Brayne, Carol; Cappola, Anne R.; Ceresini, Graziano; Comijs, Hannie C.; Dartigues, Jean-Francois; Degryse, Jean-Marie; Dullaart, Robin P. F.; van Eersel, Marlise E. A.; den Elzen, Wendy P. J.; Ferrucci, Luigi; Fink, Howard A.; Flicker, Leon; Grabe, Hans J.; Han, Ji Won; Helmer, Catherine; Huisman, Martijn; Ikram, M. Arfan; Imaizumi, Misa; de Jongh, Renate T.; Jukema, J. Wouter; Kim, Ki Woong; Kuller, Lewis H.; Lopez, Oscar L.; Mooijaart, Simon P.; Moon, Jae Hoon; Moutzouri, Elisavet; Nauck, Matthias; Parle, Jim; Peeters, Robin P.; Samuels, Mary H.; Schmidt, Carsten O.; Schminke, Ulf; Slagboom, P. Eline; Stordal, Eystein; Vaes, Bert; Volzke, Henry; Westendorp, Rudi G. J.; Yamada, Michiko; Yeap, Bu B.; Rodondi, Nicolas; Gussekloo, Jacobijn; Thyroid Studies Collaboration.

In: JAMA Internal Medicine, Vol. 181, No. 11, 2021, p. 1440-1450.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

van Vliet, NA, van Heemst, D, Almeida, OP, Asvold, BO, Aubert, CE, Bin Bae, J, Barnes, LE, Bauer, DC, Blauw, GJ, Brayne, C, Cappola, AR, Ceresini, G, Comijs, HC, Dartigues, J-F, Degryse, J-M, Dullaart, RPF, van Eersel, MEA, den Elzen, WPJ, Ferrucci, L, Fink, HA, Flicker, L, Grabe, HJ, Han, JW, Helmer, C, Huisman, M, Ikram, MA, Imaizumi, M, de Jongh, RT, Jukema, JW, Kim, KW, Kuller, LH, Lopez, OL, Mooijaart, SP, Moon, JH, Moutzouri, E, Nauck, M, Parle, J, Peeters, RP, Samuels, MH, Schmidt, CO, Schminke, U, Slagboom, PE, Stordal, E, Vaes, B, Volzke, H, Westendorp, RGJ, Yamada, M, Yeap, BB, Rodondi, N, Gussekloo, J & Thyroid Studies Collaboration 2021, 'Association of Thyroid Dysfunction With Cognitive Function An Individual Participant Data Analysis', JAMA Internal Medicine, vol. 181, no. 11, pp. 1440-1450. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5078

APA

van Vliet, N. A., van Heemst, D., Almeida, O. P., Asvold, B. O., Aubert, C. E., Bin Bae, J., Barnes, L. E., Bauer, D. C., Blauw, G. J., Brayne, C., Cappola, A. R., Ceresini, G., Comijs, H. C., Dartigues, J-F., Degryse, J-M., Dullaart, R. P. F., van Eersel, M. E. A., den Elzen, W. P. J., Ferrucci, L., ... Thyroid Studies Collaboration (2021). Association of Thyroid Dysfunction With Cognitive Function An Individual Participant Data Analysis. JAMA Internal Medicine, 181(11), 1440-1450. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5078

Vancouver

van Vliet NA, van Heemst D, Almeida OP, Asvold BO, Aubert CE, Bin Bae J et al. Association of Thyroid Dysfunction With Cognitive Function An Individual Participant Data Analysis. JAMA Internal Medicine. 2021;181(11):1440-1450. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5078

Author

van Vliet, Nicolien A. ; van Heemst, Diana ; Almeida, Osvaldo P. ; Asvold, Bjorn O. ; Aubert, Carole E. ; Bin Bae, Jong ; Barnes, Linda E. ; Bauer, Douglas C. ; Blauw, Gerard J. ; Brayne, Carol ; Cappola, Anne R. ; Ceresini, Graziano ; Comijs, Hannie C. ; Dartigues, Jean-Francois ; Degryse, Jean-Marie ; Dullaart, Robin P. F. ; van Eersel, Marlise E. A. ; den Elzen, Wendy P. J. ; Ferrucci, Luigi ; Fink, Howard A. ; Flicker, Leon ; Grabe, Hans J. ; Han, Ji Won ; Helmer, Catherine ; Huisman, Martijn ; Ikram, M. Arfan ; Imaizumi, Misa ; de Jongh, Renate T. ; Jukema, J. Wouter ; Kim, Ki Woong ; Kuller, Lewis H. ; Lopez, Oscar L. ; Mooijaart, Simon P. ; Moon, Jae Hoon ; Moutzouri, Elisavet ; Nauck, Matthias ; Parle, Jim ; Peeters, Robin P. ; Samuels, Mary H. ; Schmidt, Carsten O. ; Schminke, Ulf ; Slagboom, P. Eline ; Stordal, Eystein ; Vaes, Bert ; Volzke, Henry ; Westendorp, Rudi G. J. ; Yamada, Michiko ; Yeap, Bu B. ; Rodondi, Nicolas ; Gussekloo, Jacobijn ; Thyroid Studies Collaboration. / Association of Thyroid Dysfunction With Cognitive Function An Individual Participant Data Analysis. In: JAMA Internal Medicine. 2021 ; Vol. 181, No. 11. pp. 1440-1450.

Bibtex

@article{d2c2d02cc067432bb0e900b293135a56,
title = "Association of Thyroid Dysfunction With Cognitive Function An Individual Participant Data Analysis",
abstract = "IMPORTANCE In clinical guidelines, overt and subclinical thyroid dysfunction are mentioned as causal and treatable factors for cognitive decline. However, the scientific literature on these associations shows inconsistent findings.OBJECTIVE To assess cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of baseline thyroid dysfunction with cognitive function and dementia.DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This multicohort individual participant data analysis assessed 114 267 person-years (median, 1.7-11.3 years) of follow-up for cognitive function and 525 222 person-years (median, 3.8-15.3 years) for dementia between 1989 and 2017. Analyses on cognitive function included 21 cohorts comprising 38 144 participants. Analyses on dementia included eight cohorts with a total of 2033 cases with dementia and 44 573 controls. Data analysis was performed from December 2016 to January 2021.EXPOSURES Thyroid function was classified as overt hyperthyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism, euthyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism, and overt hypothyroidism based on uniform thyrotropin cutoff values and study-specific free thyroxine values.MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The primary outcome was global cognitive function, mostly measured using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Executive function, memory, and dementia were secondary outcomes. Analyses were first performed at study level using multivariable linear regression and multivariable Cox regression, respectively. The studies were combined with restricted maximum likelihood meta-analysis. To overcome the use of different scales, results were transformed to standardized mean differences. For incident dementia, hazard ratios were calculated.RESULTS Among 74 565 total participants, 66 567 (89.3%) participants had normal thyroid function, 577 (0.8%) had overt hyperthyroidism, 2557 (3.4%) had subclinical hyperthyroidism, 4167 (5.6%) had subclinical hypothyroidism, and 697 (0.9%) had overt hypothyroidism. The study-specific median age at baseline varied from 57 to 93 years; 42 847 (57.5%) participants were women. Thyroid dysfunction was not associated with global cognitive function; the largest differences were observed between overt hypothyroidism and euthyroidism-cross-sectionally (-0.06 standardized mean difference in score; 95% CI, -0.20 to 0.08; P = .40) and longitudinally (0.11 standardized mean difference higher decline per year; 95% CI, -0.01 to 0.23; P = .09). No consistent associations were observed between thyroid dysfunction and executive function, memory, or risk of dementia.CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In this individual participant data analysis of more than 74 000 adults, subclinical hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism were not associated with cognitive function, cognitive decline, or incident dementia. No rigorous conclusions can be drawn regarding the role of overt thyroid dysfunction in risk of dementia. These findings do not support the practice of screening for subclinical thyroid dysfunction in the context of cognitive decline in older adults as recommended in current guidelines.",
keywords = "MINI-MENTAL STATE, SERUM TSH LEVEL, SUBCLINICAL HYPOTHYROIDISM, THYROXINE REPLACEMENT, NORMATIVE DATA, OLDER MEN, DEMENTIA, IMPAIRMENT, RISK, HEALTH",
author = "{van Vliet}, {Nicolien A.} and {van Heemst}, Diana and Almeida, {Osvaldo P.} and Asvold, {Bjorn O.} and Aubert, {Carole E.} and {Bin Bae}, Jong and Barnes, {Linda E.} and Bauer, {Douglas C.} and Blauw, {Gerard J.} and Carol Brayne and Cappola, {Anne R.} and Graziano Ceresini and Comijs, {Hannie C.} and Jean-Francois Dartigues and Jean-Marie Degryse and Dullaart, {Robin P. F.} and {van Eersel}, {Marlise E. A.} and {den Elzen}, {Wendy P. J.} and Luigi Ferrucci and Fink, {Howard A.} and Leon Flicker and Grabe, {Hans J.} and Han, {Ji Won} and Catherine Helmer and Martijn Huisman and Ikram, {M. Arfan} and Misa Imaizumi and {de Jongh}, {Renate T.} and Jukema, {J. Wouter} and Kim, {Ki Woong} and Kuller, {Lewis H.} and Lopez, {Oscar L.} and Mooijaart, {Simon P.} and Moon, {Jae Hoon} and Elisavet Moutzouri and Matthias Nauck and Jim Parle and Peeters, {Robin P.} and Samuels, {Mary H.} and Schmidt, {Carsten O.} and Ulf Schminke and Slagboom, {P. Eline} and Eystein Stordal and Bert Vaes and Henry Volzke and Westendorp, {Rudi G. J.} and Michiko Yamada and Yeap, {Bu B.} and Nicolas Rodondi and Jacobijn Gussekloo and {Thyroid Studies Collaboration}",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5078",
language = "English",
volume = "181",
pages = "1440--1450",
journal = "JAMA Internal Medicine",
issn = "2168-6106",
publisher = "The JAMA Network",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association of Thyroid Dysfunction With Cognitive Function An Individual Participant Data Analysis

AU - van Vliet, Nicolien A.

AU - van Heemst, Diana

AU - Almeida, Osvaldo P.

AU - Asvold, Bjorn O.

AU - Aubert, Carole E.

AU - Bin Bae, Jong

AU - Barnes, Linda E.

AU - Bauer, Douglas C.

AU - Blauw, Gerard J.

AU - Brayne, Carol

AU - Cappola, Anne R.

AU - Ceresini, Graziano

AU - Comijs, Hannie C.

AU - Dartigues, Jean-Francois

AU - Degryse, Jean-Marie

AU - Dullaart, Robin P. F.

AU - van Eersel, Marlise E. A.

AU - den Elzen, Wendy P. J.

AU - Ferrucci, Luigi

AU - Fink, Howard A.

AU - Flicker, Leon

AU - Grabe, Hans J.

AU - Han, Ji Won

AU - Helmer, Catherine

AU - Huisman, Martijn

AU - Ikram, M. Arfan

AU - Imaizumi, Misa

AU - de Jongh, Renate T.

AU - Jukema, J. Wouter

AU - Kim, Ki Woong

AU - Kuller, Lewis H.

AU - Lopez, Oscar L.

AU - Mooijaart, Simon P.

AU - Moon, Jae Hoon

AU - Moutzouri, Elisavet

AU - Nauck, Matthias

AU - Parle, Jim

AU - Peeters, Robin P.

AU - Samuels, Mary H.

AU - Schmidt, Carsten O.

AU - Schminke, Ulf

AU - Slagboom, P. Eline

AU - Stordal, Eystein

AU - Vaes, Bert

AU - Volzke, Henry

AU - Westendorp, Rudi G. J.

AU - Yamada, Michiko

AU - Yeap, Bu B.

AU - Rodondi, Nicolas

AU - Gussekloo, Jacobijn

AU - Thyroid Studies Collaboration

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - IMPORTANCE In clinical guidelines, overt and subclinical thyroid dysfunction are mentioned as causal and treatable factors for cognitive decline. However, the scientific literature on these associations shows inconsistent findings.OBJECTIVE To assess cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of baseline thyroid dysfunction with cognitive function and dementia.DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This multicohort individual participant data analysis assessed 114 267 person-years (median, 1.7-11.3 years) of follow-up for cognitive function and 525 222 person-years (median, 3.8-15.3 years) for dementia between 1989 and 2017. Analyses on cognitive function included 21 cohorts comprising 38 144 participants. Analyses on dementia included eight cohorts with a total of 2033 cases with dementia and 44 573 controls. Data analysis was performed from December 2016 to January 2021.EXPOSURES Thyroid function was classified as overt hyperthyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism, euthyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism, and overt hypothyroidism based on uniform thyrotropin cutoff values and study-specific free thyroxine values.MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The primary outcome was global cognitive function, mostly measured using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Executive function, memory, and dementia were secondary outcomes. Analyses were first performed at study level using multivariable linear regression and multivariable Cox regression, respectively. The studies were combined with restricted maximum likelihood meta-analysis. To overcome the use of different scales, results were transformed to standardized mean differences. For incident dementia, hazard ratios were calculated.RESULTS Among 74 565 total participants, 66 567 (89.3%) participants had normal thyroid function, 577 (0.8%) had overt hyperthyroidism, 2557 (3.4%) had subclinical hyperthyroidism, 4167 (5.6%) had subclinical hypothyroidism, and 697 (0.9%) had overt hypothyroidism. The study-specific median age at baseline varied from 57 to 93 years; 42 847 (57.5%) participants were women. Thyroid dysfunction was not associated with global cognitive function; the largest differences were observed between overt hypothyroidism and euthyroidism-cross-sectionally (-0.06 standardized mean difference in score; 95% CI, -0.20 to 0.08; P = .40) and longitudinally (0.11 standardized mean difference higher decline per year; 95% CI, -0.01 to 0.23; P = .09). No consistent associations were observed between thyroid dysfunction and executive function, memory, or risk of dementia.CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In this individual participant data analysis of more than 74 000 adults, subclinical hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism were not associated with cognitive function, cognitive decline, or incident dementia. No rigorous conclusions can be drawn regarding the role of overt thyroid dysfunction in risk of dementia. These findings do not support the practice of screening for subclinical thyroid dysfunction in the context of cognitive decline in older adults as recommended in current guidelines.

AB - IMPORTANCE In clinical guidelines, overt and subclinical thyroid dysfunction are mentioned as causal and treatable factors for cognitive decline. However, the scientific literature on these associations shows inconsistent findings.OBJECTIVE To assess cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of baseline thyroid dysfunction with cognitive function and dementia.DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This multicohort individual participant data analysis assessed 114 267 person-years (median, 1.7-11.3 years) of follow-up for cognitive function and 525 222 person-years (median, 3.8-15.3 years) for dementia between 1989 and 2017. Analyses on cognitive function included 21 cohorts comprising 38 144 participants. Analyses on dementia included eight cohorts with a total of 2033 cases with dementia and 44 573 controls. Data analysis was performed from December 2016 to January 2021.EXPOSURES Thyroid function was classified as overt hyperthyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism, euthyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism, and overt hypothyroidism based on uniform thyrotropin cutoff values and study-specific free thyroxine values.MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The primary outcome was global cognitive function, mostly measured using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Executive function, memory, and dementia were secondary outcomes. Analyses were first performed at study level using multivariable linear regression and multivariable Cox regression, respectively. The studies were combined with restricted maximum likelihood meta-analysis. To overcome the use of different scales, results were transformed to standardized mean differences. For incident dementia, hazard ratios were calculated.RESULTS Among 74 565 total participants, 66 567 (89.3%) participants had normal thyroid function, 577 (0.8%) had overt hyperthyroidism, 2557 (3.4%) had subclinical hyperthyroidism, 4167 (5.6%) had subclinical hypothyroidism, and 697 (0.9%) had overt hypothyroidism. The study-specific median age at baseline varied from 57 to 93 years; 42 847 (57.5%) participants were women. Thyroid dysfunction was not associated with global cognitive function; the largest differences were observed between overt hypothyroidism and euthyroidism-cross-sectionally (-0.06 standardized mean difference in score; 95% CI, -0.20 to 0.08; P = .40) and longitudinally (0.11 standardized mean difference higher decline per year; 95% CI, -0.01 to 0.23; P = .09). No consistent associations were observed between thyroid dysfunction and executive function, memory, or risk of dementia.CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In this individual participant data analysis of more than 74 000 adults, subclinical hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism were not associated with cognitive function, cognitive decline, or incident dementia. No rigorous conclusions can be drawn regarding the role of overt thyroid dysfunction in risk of dementia. These findings do not support the practice of screening for subclinical thyroid dysfunction in the context of cognitive decline in older adults as recommended in current guidelines.

KW - MINI-MENTAL STATE

KW - SERUM TSH LEVEL

KW - SUBCLINICAL HYPOTHYROIDISM

KW - THYROXINE REPLACEMENT

KW - NORMATIVE DATA

KW - OLDER MEN

KW - DEMENTIA

KW - IMPAIRMENT

KW - RISK

KW - HEALTH

U2 - 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5078

DO - 10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5078

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34491268

VL - 181

SP - 1440

EP - 1450

JO - JAMA Internal Medicine

JF - JAMA Internal Medicine

SN - 2168-6106

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 280230299