Associations between body mass index and height during childhood and adolescence and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Associations between body mass index and height during childhood and adolescence and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis. / Meyer, Julie F; Larsen, Sara B; Blond, Kim; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab; Bjerregaard, Lise Geisler; Baker, Jennifer Lyn.

In: Obesity Reviews, 07.05.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Meyer, JF, Larsen, SB, Blond, K, Damsgaard, CT, Bjerregaard, LG & Baker, JL 2021, 'Associations between body mass index and height during childhood and adolescence and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis', Obesity Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13276

APA

Meyer, J. F., Larsen, S. B., Blond, K., Damsgaard, C. T., Bjerregaard, L. G., & Baker, J. L. (2021). Associations between body mass index and height during childhood and adolescence and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews, [e13276]. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13276

Vancouver

Meyer JF, Larsen SB, Blond K, Damsgaard CT, Bjerregaard LG, Baker JL. Associations between body mass index and height during childhood and adolescence and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews. 2021 May 7. e13276. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13276

Author

Meyer, Julie F ; Larsen, Sara B ; Blond, Kim ; Damsgaard, Camilla Trab ; Bjerregaard, Lise Geisler ; Baker, Jennifer Lyn. / Associations between body mass index and height during childhood and adolescence and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis. In: Obesity Reviews. 2021.

Bibtex

@article{b89fbb4b8d7241c2979e563992408592,
title = "Associations between body mass index and height during childhood and adolescence and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "Body mass index (BMI) at child and adolescent ages is positively associated with adult coronary heart disease (CHD) whereas height at these ages may be inversely associated with CHD. However, potential effects of age, sex, and socioeconomic status on associations between BMI and CHD are less investigated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of BMI and height at ages 2-19 years in relation to adult CHD and examined effects of age, sex, socioeconomic status, and other factors. Twenty-two studies on BMI and five on height were included, comprising 5,538,319 individuals and 69,830 CHD events. Random effects meta-analyses were conducted. Child and adolescent BMI were positively associated with CHD (hazard ratio = 1.12; 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.01, 1.25] per standard deviation [SD]), and categorical analyses supported these findings. The associations did not significantly differ by age, sex, or by adjustment for socioeconomic status. Child and adolescent height were inversely associated with CHD (hazard ratio = 0.87; 95% CI [0.81, 0.93] per SD), and categorical analyses agreed. Insufficient studies on height precluded subgroup analyses. Heterogeneity was generally high in all analyses. We found that BMI in youth is positively associated with adult CHD regardless of sex or adjustment for socioeconomic status whereas height is inversely associated with later risk of CHD.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Body mass index, Cardiovascular disease, Children and adolescents, Height",
author = "Meyer, {Julie F} and Larsen, {Sara B} and Kim Blond and Damsgaard, {Camilla Trab} and Bjerregaard, {Lise Geisler} and Baker, {Jennifer Lyn}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 World Obesity Federation.",
year = "2021",
month = may,
day = "7",
doi = "10.1111/obr.13276",
language = "English",
journal = "Obesity Reviews",
issn = "1467-7881",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between body mass index and height during childhood and adolescence and the risk of coronary heart disease in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Meyer, Julie F

AU - Larsen, Sara B

AU - Blond, Kim

AU - Damsgaard, Camilla Trab

AU - Bjerregaard, Lise Geisler

AU - Baker, Jennifer Lyn

N1 - © 2021 World Obesity Federation.

PY - 2021/5/7

Y1 - 2021/5/7

N2 - Body mass index (BMI) at child and adolescent ages is positively associated with adult coronary heart disease (CHD) whereas height at these ages may be inversely associated with CHD. However, potential effects of age, sex, and socioeconomic status on associations between BMI and CHD are less investigated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of BMI and height at ages 2-19 years in relation to adult CHD and examined effects of age, sex, socioeconomic status, and other factors. Twenty-two studies on BMI and five on height were included, comprising 5,538,319 individuals and 69,830 CHD events. Random effects meta-analyses were conducted. Child and adolescent BMI were positively associated with CHD (hazard ratio = 1.12; 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.01, 1.25] per standard deviation [SD]), and categorical analyses supported these findings. The associations did not significantly differ by age, sex, or by adjustment for socioeconomic status. Child and adolescent height were inversely associated with CHD (hazard ratio = 0.87; 95% CI [0.81, 0.93] per SD), and categorical analyses agreed. Insufficient studies on height precluded subgroup analyses. Heterogeneity was generally high in all analyses. We found that BMI in youth is positively associated with adult CHD regardless of sex or adjustment for socioeconomic status whereas height is inversely associated with later risk of CHD.

AB - Body mass index (BMI) at child and adolescent ages is positively associated with adult coronary heart disease (CHD) whereas height at these ages may be inversely associated with CHD. However, potential effects of age, sex, and socioeconomic status on associations between BMI and CHD are less investigated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of BMI and height at ages 2-19 years in relation to adult CHD and examined effects of age, sex, socioeconomic status, and other factors. Twenty-two studies on BMI and five on height were included, comprising 5,538,319 individuals and 69,830 CHD events. Random effects meta-analyses were conducted. Child and adolescent BMI were positively associated with CHD (hazard ratio = 1.12; 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.01, 1.25] per standard deviation [SD]), and categorical analyses supported these findings. The associations did not significantly differ by age, sex, or by adjustment for socioeconomic status. Child and adolescent height were inversely associated with CHD (hazard ratio = 0.87; 95% CI [0.81, 0.93] per SD), and categorical analyses agreed. Insufficient studies on height precluded subgroup analyses. Heterogeneity was generally high in all analyses. We found that BMI in youth is positively associated with adult CHD regardless of sex or adjustment for socioeconomic status whereas height is inversely associated with later risk of CHD.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Body mass index

KW - Cardiovascular disease

KW - Children and adolescents

KW - Height

U2 - 10.1111/obr.13276

DO - 10.1111/obr.13276

M3 - Review

C2 - 33960625

JO - Obesity Reviews

JF - Obesity Reviews

SN - 1467-7881

M1 - e13276

ER -

ID: 261446898