Cortisol Variability and Self-reports in the Measurement of Work-related Stress

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Cortisol Variability and Self-reports in the Measurement of Work-related Stress. / Karlson, Björn; Eek, Frida; Hansen, Åse Marie; Garde, Anne Helene; Ørbæk, Palle.

In: Stress and Health (Print), Vol. 27, No. 2, 2011, p. e11-e24.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Karlson, B, Eek, F, Hansen, ÅM, Garde, AH & Ørbæk, P 2011, 'Cortisol Variability and Self-reports in the Measurement of Work-related Stress', Stress and Health (Print), vol. 27, no. 2, pp. e11-e24. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.1330

APA

Karlson, B., Eek, F., Hansen, Å. M., Garde, A. H., & Ørbæk, P. (2011). Cortisol Variability and Self-reports in the Measurement of Work-related Stress. Stress and Health (Print), 27(2), e11-e24. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.1330

Vancouver

Karlson B, Eek F, Hansen ÅM, Garde AH, Ørbæk P. Cortisol Variability and Self-reports in the Measurement of Work-related Stress. Stress and Health (Print). 2011;27(2):e11-e24. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.1330

Author

Karlson, Björn ; Eek, Frida ; Hansen, Åse Marie ; Garde, Anne Helene ; Ørbæk, Palle. / Cortisol Variability and Self-reports in the Measurement of Work-related Stress. In: Stress and Health (Print). 2011 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. e11-e24.

Bibtex

@article{93c2ca22fbee41c1a3e03176a42c664e,
title = "Cortisol Variability and Self-reports in the Measurement of Work-related Stress",
abstract = "We examined whether a high cortisol awakening response (CAR) and low cortisol decline over the day (CDD) are related to self-reported work stress and well-being, and whether there are gender differences in these relationships. Three hundred eighty-three working men and women responded to a survey measuring job stress factors, mastery at work, symptoms and well-being. Salivary cortisol was sampled at awakening, after 45 min and at 21:00, from which the variables CAR and CDD were defi ned. A high CAR was associated with lower perceived job control and work mastery, and poorer well-being. Low CDD was associated only with higher job demands, but the self-report scores showed a number of interactions between cortisol group and gender. Among women, those showing a low CDD, compared with those with a higher CDD, had more favourable scores on a number of job stress factors and symptom load. In contrast, among men, a similar comparison showed those with low CDD to have poorer scores on job stress factors and symptom load. We conclude that individuals displaying high CAR or low CDD differ from those not displaying these cortisol profi les in self-report of work stress and well-being, and that gender differences appear in these relationships.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Cortisol, stress, Self Report",
author = "Bj{\"o}rn Karlson and Frida Eek and Hansen, {{\AA}se Marie} and Garde, {Anne Helene} and Palle {\O}rb{\ae}k",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1002/smi.1330",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "e11--e24",
journal = "Stress and Health (Print)",
issn = "1532-3005",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cortisol Variability and Self-reports in the Measurement of Work-related Stress

AU - Karlson, Björn

AU - Eek, Frida

AU - Hansen, Åse Marie

AU - Garde, Anne Helene

AU - Ørbæk, Palle

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - We examined whether a high cortisol awakening response (CAR) and low cortisol decline over the day (CDD) are related to self-reported work stress and well-being, and whether there are gender differences in these relationships. Three hundred eighty-three working men and women responded to a survey measuring job stress factors, mastery at work, symptoms and well-being. Salivary cortisol was sampled at awakening, after 45 min and at 21:00, from which the variables CAR and CDD were defi ned. A high CAR was associated with lower perceived job control and work mastery, and poorer well-being. Low CDD was associated only with higher job demands, but the self-report scores showed a number of interactions between cortisol group and gender. Among women, those showing a low CDD, compared with those with a higher CDD, had more favourable scores on a number of job stress factors and symptom load. In contrast, among men, a similar comparison showed those with low CDD to have poorer scores on job stress factors and symptom load. We conclude that individuals displaying high CAR or low CDD differ from those not displaying these cortisol profi les in self-report of work stress and well-being, and that gender differences appear in these relationships.

AB - We examined whether a high cortisol awakening response (CAR) and low cortisol decline over the day (CDD) are related to self-reported work stress and well-being, and whether there are gender differences in these relationships. Three hundred eighty-three working men and women responded to a survey measuring job stress factors, mastery at work, symptoms and well-being. Salivary cortisol was sampled at awakening, after 45 min and at 21:00, from which the variables CAR and CDD were defi ned. A high CAR was associated with lower perceived job control and work mastery, and poorer well-being. Low CDD was associated only with higher job demands, but the self-report scores showed a number of interactions between cortisol group and gender. Among women, those showing a low CDD, compared with those with a higher CDD, had more favourable scores on a number of job stress factors and symptom load. In contrast, among men, a similar comparison showed those with low CDD to have poorer scores on job stress factors and symptom load. We conclude that individuals displaying high CAR or low CDD differ from those not displaying these cortisol profi les in self-report of work stress and well-being, and that gender differences appear in these relationships.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - Cortisol

KW - stress

KW - Self Report

U2 - 10.1002/smi.1330

DO - 10.1002/smi.1330

M3 - Journal article

VL - 27

SP - e11-e24

JO - Stress and Health (Print)

JF - Stress and Health (Print)

SN - 1532-3005

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 37719792