Differential effects of colorectal cancer screening across sociodemographic groups in Denmark: a register-based study

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Differential effects of colorectal cancer screening across sociodemographic groups in Denmark : a register-based study. / Pallesen, Anna Vera Jørring; Herrstedt, Jørn; Westendorp, Rudi GJ; Mortensen, Laust Hvas; Kristiansen, Maria.

In: Acta Oncologica, Vol. 60, No. 3, 2021, p. 323-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pallesen, AVJ, Herrstedt, J, Westendorp, RGJ, Mortensen, LH & Kristiansen, M 2021, 'Differential effects of colorectal cancer screening across sociodemographic groups in Denmark: a register-based study', Acta Oncologica, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 323-332. https://doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2020.1869829

APA

Pallesen, A. V. J., Herrstedt, J., Westendorp, R. GJ., Mortensen, L. H., & Kristiansen, M. (2021). Differential effects of colorectal cancer screening across sociodemographic groups in Denmark: a register-based study. Acta Oncologica, 60(3), 323-332. https://doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2020.1869829

Vancouver

Pallesen AVJ, Herrstedt J, Westendorp RGJ, Mortensen LH, Kristiansen M. Differential effects of colorectal cancer screening across sociodemographic groups in Denmark: a register-based study. Acta Oncologica. 2021;60(3):323-332. https://doi.org/10.1080/0284186X.2020.1869829

Author

Pallesen, Anna Vera Jørring ; Herrstedt, Jørn ; Westendorp, Rudi GJ ; Mortensen, Laust Hvas ; Kristiansen, Maria. / Differential effects of colorectal cancer screening across sociodemographic groups in Denmark : a register-based study. In: Acta Oncologica. 2021 ; Vol. 60, No. 3. pp. 323-332.

Bibtex

@article{60f1b8e7e5fd45b5a2e42bd8d9863cd5,
title = "Differential effects of colorectal cancer screening across sociodemographic groups in Denmark: a register-based study",
abstract = "IntroductionColorectal cancer (CRC) does not affect different sociodemographic groups uniformly. CRC screening programmes could seek to reduce this inequality; however, the screening programmes themselves might be subject to differential participation across sociodemographic groups. This study investigates the sociodemographic inequality at all steps in Denmark{\textquoteright}s nationwide CRC screening programme: screening participation, faecal immunochemical test (FIT) results, colonoscopy compliance, CRC diagnosis, and cancer stage.Material and methodsThis cohort study includes all first-time invitees from the beginning of the Danish population-based CRC screening programme from 1 March 2014 to 31 December 2017.ResultsSixty-four percent of the invitees participated in the screening programme, and of those 7% were FIT-positive. After being invited to further diagnostic procedures, 90% responded to the invitation, and among those 5% were CRC-positive. Among those diagnosed with CRC, 9% were stage IV. Through multivariable analyses, we identified sociodemographic inequalities in all steps of the screening programme from returning a stool sample to being diagnosed with CRC. Specifically, we identified inequalities across sex, age, migration status, relationship status, the screening status of one{\textquoteright}s partner, education, income, and use of health services. Women were more likely to participate compared to men (RR = 1.13; 95% CI: 1.12–1.13), but had a lower risk of a positive FIT result (RR = 0.67; 95% CI: 0.66–0.68) and of a CRC diagnosis (RR = 0.88; 95% CI: 0.82–0.93) compared to men. The likelihood of participating as well as the risk of positive FIT results and CRC diagnosis increased with age.ConclusionAll steps of the screening programme were subject to sociodemographic inequalities. Interventions are needed to target groups identified as having lower uptake as well as high-risk of being FIT- and/or CRC-positive. These groups include males, individuals aged 60+ years and individuals who do not visit their GP regularly.",
author = "Pallesen, {Anna Vera J{\o}rring} and J{\o}rn Herrstedt and Westendorp, {Rudi GJ} and Mortensen, {Laust Hvas} and Maria Kristiansen",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1080/0284186X.2020.1869829",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "323--332",
journal = "Acta Oncologica",
issn = "0284-186X",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential effects of colorectal cancer screening across sociodemographic groups in Denmark

T2 - a register-based study

AU - Pallesen, Anna Vera Jørring

AU - Herrstedt, Jørn

AU - Westendorp, Rudi GJ

AU - Mortensen, Laust Hvas

AU - Kristiansen, Maria

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - IntroductionColorectal cancer (CRC) does not affect different sociodemographic groups uniformly. CRC screening programmes could seek to reduce this inequality; however, the screening programmes themselves might be subject to differential participation across sociodemographic groups. This study investigates the sociodemographic inequality at all steps in Denmark’s nationwide CRC screening programme: screening participation, faecal immunochemical test (FIT) results, colonoscopy compliance, CRC diagnosis, and cancer stage.Material and methodsThis cohort study includes all first-time invitees from the beginning of the Danish population-based CRC screening programme from 1 March 2014 to 31 December 2017.ResultsSixty-four percent of the invitees participated in the screening programme, and of those 7% were FIT-positive. After being invited to further diagnostic procedures, 90% responded to the invitation, and among those 5% were CRC-positive. Among those diagnosed with CRC, 9% were stage IV. Through multivariable analyses, we identified sociodemographic inequalities in all steps of the screening programme from returning a stool sample to being diagnosed with CRC. Specifically, we identified inequalities across sex, age, migration status, relationship status, the screening status of one’s partner, education, income, and use of health services. Women were more likely to participate compared to men (RR = 1.13; 95% CI: 1.12–1.13), but had a lower risk of a positive FIT result (RR = 0.67; 95% CI: 0.66–0.68) and of a CRC diagnosis (RR = 0.88; 95% CI: 0.82–0.93) compared to men. The likelihood of participating as well as the risk of positive FIT results and CRC diagnosis increased with age.ConclusionAll steps of the screening programme were subject to sociodemographic inequalities. Interventions are needed to target groups identified as having lower uptake as well as high-risk of being FIT- and/or CRC-positive. These groups include males, individuals aged 60+ years and individuals who do not visit their GP regularly.

AB - IntroductionColorectal cancer (CRC) does not affect different sociodemographic groups uniformly. CRC screening programmes could seek to reduce this inequality; however, the screening programmes themselves might be subject to differential participation across sociodemographic groups. This study investigates the sociodemographic inequality at all steps in Denmark’s nationwide CRC screening programme: screening participation, faecal immunochemical test (FIT) results, colonoscopy compliance, CRC diagnosis, and cancer stage.Material and methodsThis cohort study includes all first-time invitees from the beginning of the Danish population-based CRC screening programme from 1 March 2014 to 31 December 2017.ResultsSixty-four percent of the invitees participated in the screening programme, and of those 7% were FIT-positive. After being invited to further diagnostic procedures, 90% responded to the invitation, and among those 5% were CRC-positive. Among those diagnosed with CRC, 9% were stage IV. Through multivariable analyses, we identified sociodemographic inequalities in all steps of the screening programme from returning a stool sample to being diagnosed with CRC. Specifically, we identified inequalities across sex, age, migration status, relationship status, the screening status of one’s partner, education, income, and use of health services. Women were more likely to participate compared to men (RR = 1.13; 95% CI: 1.12–1.13), but had a lower risk of a positive FIT result (RR = 0.67; 95% CI: 0.66–0.68) and of a CRC diagnosis (RR = 0.88; 95% CI: 0.82–0.93) compared to men. The likelihood of participating as well as the risk of positive FIT results and CRC diagnosis increased with age.ConclusionAll steps of the screening programme were subject to sociodemographic inequalities. Interventions are needed to target groups identified as having lower uptake as well as high-risk of being FIT- and/or CRC-positive. These groups include males, individuals aged 60+ years and individuals who do not visit their GP regularly.

U2 - 10.1080/0284186X.2020.1869829

DO - 10.1080/0284186X.2020.1869829

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33427545

VL - 60

SP - 323

EP - 332

JO - Acta Oncologica

JF - Acta Oncologica

SN - 0284-186X

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 255043270