Effects of occupation on risks of avoidable cancers in the Nordic countries

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Effects of occupation on risks of avoidable cancers in the Nordic countries. / Kjaerheim, K; Martinsen, J I; Lynge, E; Gunnarsdottir, H K; Sparen, P; Tryggvadottir, L; Weiderpass, E; Pukkala, E.

In: European Journal of Cancer, Vol. 46, No. 14, 01.09.2010, p. 2545-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Kjaerheim, K, Martinsen, JI, Lynge, E, Gunnarsdottir, HK, Sparen, P, Tryggvadottir, L, Weiderpass, E & Pukkala, E 2010, 'Effects of occupation on risks of avoidable cancers in the Nordic countries', European Journal of Cancer, vol. 46, no. 14, pp. 2545-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2010.07.038

APA

Kjaerheim, K., Martinsen, J. I., Lynge, E., Gunnarsdottir, H. K., Sparen, P., Tryggvadottir, L., ... Pukkala, E. (2010). Effects of occupation on risks of avoidable cancers in the Nordic countries. European Journal of Cancer, 46(14), 2545-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2010.07.038

Vancouver

Kjaerheim K, Martinsen JI, Lynge E, Gunnarsdottir HK, Sparen P, Tryggvadottir L et al. Effects of occupation on risks of avoidable cancers in the Nordic countries. European Journal of Cancer. 2010 Sep 1;46(14):2545-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2010.07.038

Author

Kjaerheim, K ; Martinsen, J I ; Lynge, E ; Gunnarsdottir, H K ; Sparen, P ; Tryggvadottir, L ; Weiderpass, E ; Pukkala, E. / Effects of occupation on risks of avoidable cancers in the Nordic countries. In: European Journal of Cancer. 2010 ; Vol. 46, No. 14. pp. 2545-54.

Bibtex

@article{5297a773ecc64cb6828e5c3ca58fa9ff,
title = "Effects of occupation on risks of avoidable cancers in the Nordic countries",
abstract = "Knowledge of cancer risk according to occupational affiliation is an essential part of formatting preventive actions aimed at the adult population. Herein, data on 10 major cancer sites amenable by life style exposures from the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) are presented. All subjects aged 30-64 years participating in one or more national censuses in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, or Sweden between 1960 and 1990 were included in the cohort and followed up for cancer from inclusion until 2003/2005 via a linkage with the national cancer registries, and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) were computed. Variation in risk across occupations was generally larger in men than in women. In men, the most consistent cluster with high risk of numerous cancer types included waiters, cooks and stewards, beverage workers, seamen, and chimney sweeps. Two clusters of occupations with generally low cancer risks were seen in both men and women. The first one comprised farmers, gardeners, and forestry workers, the second one included groups with high education, specifically those in health and pedagogical work. Although cancer risk varies by occupation, only a smaller part of the variation can be attributed to occupational exposures in the strict sense. Preventive measures at the work place are important to avoid established and new occupational health hazards. This study also indicates that the work place in addition should be seen as a useful arena for reaching groups of adults with more or less similar habits and attitudes for general health promotion.",
keywords = "Adult, Female, Finland, Humans, Iceland, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, Occupational Diseases, Occupations, Risk Factors, Scandinavia, Sex Distribution",
author = "K Kjaerheim and Martinsen, {J I} and E Lynge and Gunnarsdottir, {H K} and P Sparen and L Tryggvadottir and E Weiderpass and E Pukkala",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2010",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ejca.2010.07.038",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "2545--54",
journal = "European Journal of Cancer",
issn = "0959-8049",
publisher = "Pergamon",
number = "14",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of occupation on risks of avoidable cancers in the Nordic countries

AU - Kjaerheim, K

AU - Martinsen, J I

AU - Lynge, E

AU - Gunnarsdottir, H K

AU - Sparen, P

AU - Tryggvadottir, L

AU - Weiderpass, E

AU - Pukkala, E

N1 - Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2010/9/1

Y1 - 2010/9/1

N2 - Knowledge of cancer risk according to occupational affiliation is an essential part of formatting preventive actions aimed at the adult population. Herein, data on 10 major cancer sites amenable by life style exposures from the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) are presented. All subjects aged 30-64 years participating in one or more national censuses in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, or Sweden between 1960 and 1990 were included in the cohort and followed up for cancer from inclusion until 2003/2005 via a linkage with the national cancer registries, and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) were computed. Variation in risk across occupations was generally larger in men than in women. In men, the most consistent cluster with high risk of numerous cancer types included waiters, cooks and stewards, beverage workers, seamen, and chimney sweeps. Two clusters of occupations with generally low cancer risks were seen in both men and women. The first one comprised farmers, gardeners, and forestry workers, the second one included groups with high education, specifically those in health and pedagogical work. Although cancer risk varies by occupation, only a smaller part of the variation can be attributed to occupational exposures in the strict sense. Preventive measures at the work place are important to avoid established and new occupational health hazards. This study also indicates that the work place in addition should be seen as a useful arena for reaching groups of adults with more or less similar habits and attitudes for general health promotion.

AB - Knowledge of cancer risk according to occupational affiliation is an essential part of formatting preventive actions aimed at the adult population. Herein, data on 10 major cancer sites amenable by life style exposures from the Nordic Occupational Cancer Study (NOCCA) are presented. All subjects aged 30-64 years participating in one or more national censuses in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, or Sweden between 1960 and 1990 were included in the cohort and followed up for cancer from inclusion until 2003/2005 via a linkage with the national cancer registries, and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) were computed. Variation in risk across occupations was generally larger in men than in women. In men, the most consistent cluster with high risk of numerous cancer types included waiters, cooks and stewards, beverage workers, seamen, and chimney sweeps. Two clusters of occupations with generally low cancer risks were seen in both men and women. The first one comprised farmers, gardeners, and forestry workers, the second one included groups with high education, specifically those in health and pedagogical work. Although cancer risk varies by occupation, only a smaller part of the variation can be attributed to occupational exposures in the strict sense. Preventive measures at the work place are important to avoid established and new occupational health hazards. This study also indicates that the work place in addition should be seen as a useful arena for reaching groups of adults with more or less similar habits and attitudes for general health promotion.

KW - Adult

KW - Female

KW - Finland

KW - Humans

KW - Iceland

KW - Incidence

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Neoplasms

KW - Occupational Diseases

KW - Occupations

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Scandinavia

KW - Sex Distribution

U2 - 10.1016/j.ejca.2010.07.038

DO - 10.1016/j.ejca.2010.07.038

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20843484

VL - 46

SP - 2545

EP - 2554

JO - European Journal of Cancer

JF - European Journal of Cancer

SN - 0959-8049

IS - 14

ER -

ID: 33743404