Familial colorectal cancer, can it be identified by microsatellite instability and chromosomal instability? - A case-control study

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Lone Sunde, Marie Luise Bisgaard, Helle Soll-Johanning, Niels Otto Jacobsen, Lars Bolund, Jan Skouv, Elsebeth Lynge

Colonoscopy is recommended for persons with a familial risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). A familial risk is identified by a family history with CRC and/or predisposing mutation(s). However, such information may not be available. We analysed whether MSI (MicroSatellite Instability) and/or CIN (Chromosome INstability=LOH (loss of heterozygosity) and/or DNA-aneuploidy (abnormal nuclear DNA contents)) could be used as predictors of familial CRC. Formalin-fixed tissue from 97 patients with CRC (29 patients with 2 or more affected first-degree relatives (="cases"), 29 matched CRC controls without a family history, and 39 relatives to cases) were analysed for MSI and CIN. In this small case-control study, no significant differences in the frequencies of MSI and CIN were observed between cases with a family history and their controls without a family history. MSI+;CIN- was observed in 6/29 cases and in 0/29 controls (p=0.02), most frequently in cases with affected siblings, only (3/7). However, for 13 patients from whom several CRC tumours were analysed, concordant results for MSI/LOH/DNA-ploidy were obtained only in 10/9/9. Among cases and relative(s), concordant results for MSI, LOH and DNA-ploidy were obtained in 16/26, 16/26, and 14/25 families, respectively.Although MSI+;CIN- appeared to predict familial CRC with a high specificity, neither MSI, CIN, or MSI+;CIN- are likely to be sufficiently sensitive predictors of familial CRC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer biomarkers : section A of Disease markers
Volume5
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)197-205
Number of pages8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

ID: 14912409