Farm-based measures for reducing microbiological health risks for consumers from informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Standard

Farm-based measures for reducing microbiological health risks for consumers from informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture. / Keraita, Bernard; Konradsen, Flemming; Drechsel, Pay .

Wastewater Irrigation and Health: Assessing and mitigating risk in low-income countries. ed. / Pay Drechsel; Christopher A. Scott; Liqa Raschid-Sally; Mark Redwood; Akiça Bahri. Earthscan, 2010. p. 189-207.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Keraita, B, Konradsen, F & Drechsel, P 2010, Farm-based measures for reducing microbiological health risks for consumers from informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture. in P Drechsel, CA Scott, L Raschid-Sally, M Redwood & A Bahri (eds), Wastewater Irrigation and Health: Assessing and mitigating risk in low-income countries. Earthscan, pp. 189-207.

APA

Keraita, B., Konradsen, F., & Drechsel, P. (2010). Farm-based measures for reducing microbiological health risks for consumers from informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture. In P. Drechsel, C. A. Scott, L. Raschid-Sally, M. Redwood, & A. Bahri (Eds.), Wastewater Irrigation and Health: Assessing and mitigating risk in low-income countries (pp. 189-207). Earthscan.

Vancouver

Keraita B, Konradsen F, Drechsel P. Farm-based measures for reducing microbiological health risks for consumers from informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture. In Drechsel P, Scott CA, Raschid-Sally L, Redwood M, Bahri A, editors, Wastewater Irrigation and Health: Assessing and mitigating risk in low-income countries. Earthscan. 2010. p. 189-207

Author

Keraita, Bernard ; Konradsen, Flemming ; Drechsel, Pay . / Farm-based measures for reducing microbiological health risks for consumers from informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture. Wastewater Irrigation and Health: Assessing and mitigating risk in low-income countries. editor / Pay Drechsel ; Christopher A. Scott ; Liqa Raschid-Sally ; Mark Redwood ; Akiça Bahri. Earthscan, 2010. pp. 189-207

Bibtex

@inbook{25e22e3a319e4415b0220909ab8564d9,
title = "Farm-based measures for reducing microbiological health risks for consumers from informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture",
abstract = "This chapter presents farm-based measures that have been developed and tested in the informal irrigation sector to reduce microbiological health risks for consumers from wastewater irrigation of vegetables commonly eaten uncooked. The measures target poor smallholder farmers or farmer associations in developing countries as part of a multiple-barrier approach for health-risk reduction along the farm to fork pathway. Measures discussed include treatment of irrigation water using ponds, filters and wetland systems; water application techniques; irrigation scheduling; and crop selection. In addition, the chapter highlights some practical strategies to implement these measures, based largely on field experiences in Ghana. Although most measures discussed do not fully eliminate possible health risks, they can significantly complement other pathogen barriers. Which measures fit, either alone or in combination, will depend on local site characteristics and practices. Further studies are required to develop new measures or adapt them to other irrigation practices and systems in developing countries.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, wastewater, Low quality water, food hygiene",
author = "Bernard Keraita and Flemming Konradsen and Pay Drechsel",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-84407-797-3",
pages = "189--207",
editor = "Pay Drechsel and Scott, {Christopher A.} and Liqa Raschid-Sally and Redwood, {Mark } and Aki{\cc}a Bahri",
booktitle = "Wastewater Irrigation and Health",
publisher = "Earthscan",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Farm-based measures for reducing microbiological health risks for consumers from informal wastewater-irrigated agriculture

AU - Keraita, Bernard

AU - Konradsen, Flemming

AU - Drechsel, Pay

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - This chapter presents farm-based measures that have been developed and tested in the informal irrigation sector to reduce microbiological health risks for consumers from wastewater irrigation of vegetables commonly eaten uncooked. The measures target poor smallholder farmers or farmer associations in developing countries as part of a multiple-barrier approach for health-risk reduction along the farm to fork pathway. Measures discussed include treatment of irrigation water using ponds, filters and wetland systems; water application techniques; irrigation scheduling; and crop selection. In addition, the chapter highlights some practical strategies to implement these measures, based largely on field experiences in Ghana. Although most measures discussed do not fully eliminate possible health risks, they can significantly complement other pathogen barriers. Which measures fit, either alone or in combination, will depend on local site characteristics and practices. Further studies are required to develop new measures or adapt them to other irrigation practices and systems in developing countries.

AB - This chapter presents farm-based measures that have been developed and tested in the informal irrigation sector to reduce microbiological health risks for consumers from wastewater irrigation of vegetables commonly eaten uncooked. The measures target poor smallholder farmers or farmer associations in developing countries as part of a multiple-barrier approach for health-risk reduction along the farm to fork pathway. Measures discussed include treatment of irrigation water using ponds, filters and wetland systems; water application techniques; irrigation scheduling; and crop selection. In addition, the chapter highlights some practical strategies to implement these measures, based largely on field experiences in Ghana. Although most measures discussed do not fully eliminate possible health risks, they can significantly complement other pathogen barriers. Which measures fit, either alone or in combination, will depend on local site characteristics and practices. Further studies are required to develop new measures or adapt them to other irrigation practices and systems in developing countries.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - wastewater

KW - Low quality water

KW - food hygiene

M3 - Book chapter

SN - 978-1-84407-797-3

SN - 978-1-84407-796-0

SP - 189

EP - 207

BT - Wastewater Irrigation and Health

A2 - Drechsel, Pay

A2 - Scott, Christopher A.

A2 - Raschid-Sally, Liqa

A2 - Redwood, Mark

A2 - Bahri, Akiça

PB - Earthscan

ER -

ID: 33883252