Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy: A prospective cohort study

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Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy : A prospective cohort study. / Zhu, Yeyi; Olsen, Sjurdur F; Mendola, Pauline; Yeung, Edwina H.; Vaag, Allan; Bowers, Katherine; Liu, Aiyi; Bao, Wei; Li, Shanshan; Madsen, Camilla; Grunnet, Louise G; Granström, Charlotta; Hansen, Susanne; Martin, Kelly; Chavarro, Jorge E; Hu, Frank B; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Damm, Peter; Zhang, Cuilin.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 103, No. 3, 2016, p. 794-800.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Zhu, Y, Olsen, SF, Mendola, P, Yeung, EH, Vaag, A, Bowers, K, Liu, A, Bao, W, Li, S, Madsen, C, Grunnet, LG, Granström, C, Hansen, S, Martin, K, Chavarro, JE, Hu, FB, Langhoff-Roos, J, Damm, P & Zhang, C 2016, 'Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy: A prospective cohort study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 794-800. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.121780

APA

Zhu, Y., Olsen, S. F., Mendola, P., Yeung, E. H., Vaag, A., Bowers, K., ... Zhang, C. (2016). Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy: A prospective cohort study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 103(3), 794-800. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.121780

Vancouver

Zhu Y, Olsen SF, Mendola P, Yeung EH, Vaag A, Bowers K et al. Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy: A prospective cohort study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016;103(3):794-800. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.121780

Author

Zhu, Yeyi ; Olsen, Sjurdur F ; Mendola, Pauline ; Yeung, Edwina H. ; Vaag, Allan ; Bowers, Katherine ; Liu, Aiyi ; Bao, Wei ; Li, Shanshan ; Madsen, Camilla ; Grunnet, Louise G ; Granström, Charlotta ; Hansen, Susanne ; Martin, Kelly ; Chavarro, Jorge E ; Hu, Frank B ; Langhoff-Roos, Jens ; Damm, Peter ; Zhang, Cuilin. / Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy : A prospective cohort study. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016 ; Vol. 103, No. 3. pp. 794-800.

Bibtex

@article{7a4e7929f78343f28b98f823f85ab992,
title = "Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy: A prospective cohort study",
abstract = "Background: Given the long-term adverse sequelae of childhood obesity, identification of early life factors related to fetal growth and childhood obesity is warranted. Investigation on growth and obesity in early life in association with intrauterine exposure to maternal hyperglycemia, a common metabolic pregnancy complication, is of public health significance and clinical implications. Objective: We investigated the association of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations during pregnancy with offspring growth and risk of overweight/obesity through age 7 y, after adjustment for confounders, including maternal prepregnancy obesity status. Design: FPG concentrations at 28 gestational weeks (IQR: 22-32 wk) were extracted from medical records for 661 pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus in the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). Offspring's ponderal index was derived from birth weight and length; age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) z scores at 5 mo, 12 mo, and 7 y were calculated based on WHO reference data. Relations between FPG and offspring growth and obesity were assessed by linear and Poisson regression with robust standard errors, adjusting for maternal prepregnancy BMI and sociodemographic and perinatal factors. Results: At birth, maternal FPG during pregnancy was significantly associated with offspring ponderal index (β = 0.46; 95{\%} CI: 0.14, 0.78 per 1-mmol/L increase) and risk of macrosomia (birth weight .4000 g) (RR = 1.21; 95{\%} CI: 1.07, 1.38 per 1-mmol/L increase). At 7 y, higher maternal FPG concentrations were significantly associated with increased BMI z scores (β = 0.20; 95{\%} CI: 0.04, 0.36) and elevated risk of overweight/obesity (RR = 1.21; 95{\%} CI: 1.01, 1.50). Additional adjustment for birth weight and childhood lifestyle factors did not appreciably alter results. No associations were observed at 5 or 12 mo. Conclusion: Among women with gestational diabetes mellitus, maternal FPG concentrations during pregnancy were significantly and positively associated with offspring birth size and overweight/obesity risk at 7 y, adjusting for maternal prepregnancy BMI.",
keywords = "Childhood obesity, Fasting plasma glucose, Gestational diabetes, Intrauterine exposure, Macrosomia, Prepregnancy obesity",
author = "Yeyi Zhu and Olsen, {Sjurdur F} and Pauline Mendola and Yeung, {Edwina H.} and Allan Vaag and Katherine Bowers and Aiyi Liu and Wei Bao and Shanshan Li and Camilla Madsen and Grunnet, {Louise G} and Charlotta Granstr{\"o}m and Susanne Hansen and Kelly Martin and Chavarro, {Jorge E} and Hu, {Frank B} and Jens Langhoff-Roos and Peter Damm and Cuilin Zhang",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.3945/ajcn.115.121780",
language = "English",
volume = "103",
pages = "794--800",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Growth and obesity through the first 7 y of life in association with levels of maternal glycemia during pregnancy

T2 - A prospective cohort study

AU - Zhu, Yeyi

AU - Olsen, Sjurdur F

AU - Mendola, Pauline

AU - Yeung, Edwina H.

AU - Vaag, Allan

AU - Bowers, Katherine

AU - Liu, Aiyi

AU - Bao, Wei

AU - Li, Shanshan

AU - Madsen, Camilla

AU - Grunnet, Louise G

AU - Granström, Charlotta

AU - Hansen, Susanne

AU - Martin, Kelly

AU - Chavarro, Jorge E

AU - Hu, Frank B

AU - Langhoff-Roos, Jens

AU - Damm, Peter

AU - Zhang, Cuilin

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Background: Given the long-term adverse sequelae of childhood obesity, identification of early life factors related to fetal growth and childhood obesity is warranted. Investigation on growth and obesity in early life in association with intrauterine exposure to maternal hyperglycemia, a common metabolic pregnancy complication, is of public health significance and clinical implications. Objective: We investigated the association of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations during pregnancy with offspring growth and risk of overweight/obesity through age 7 y, after adjustment for confounders, including maternal prepregnancy obesity status. Design: FPG concentrations at 28 gestational weeks (IQR: 22-32 wk) were extracted from medical records for 661 pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus in the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). Offspring's ponderal index was derived from birth weight and length; age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) z scores at 5 mo, 12 mo, and 7 y were calculated based on WHO reference data. Relations between FPG and offspring growth and obesity were assessed by linear and Poisson regression with robust standard errors, adjusting for maternal prepregnancy BMI and sociodemographic and perinatal factors. Results: At birth, maternal FPG during pregnancy was significantly associated with offspring ponderal index (β = 0.46; 95% CI: 0.14, 0.78 per 1-mmol/L increase) and risk of macrosomia (birth weight .4000 g) (RR = 1.21; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.38 per 1-mmol/L increase). At 7 y, higher maternal FPG concentrations were significantly associated with increased BMI z scores (β = 0.20; 95% CI: 0.04, 0.36) and elevated risk of overweight/obesity (RR = 1.21; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.50). Additional adjustment for birth weight and childhood lifestyle factors did not appreciably alter results. No associations were observed at 5 or 12 mo. Conclusion: Among women with gestational diabetes mellitus, maternal FPG concentrations during pregnancy were significantly and positively associated with offspring birth size and overweight/obesity risk at 7 y, adjusting for maternal prepregnancy BMI.

AB - Background: Given the long-term adverse sequelae of childhood obesity, identification of early life factors related to fetal growth and childhood obesity is warranted. Investigation on growth and obesity in early life in association with intrauterine exposure to maternal hyperglycemia, a common metabolic pregnancy complication, is of public health significance and clinical implications. Objective: We investigated the association of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations during pregnancy with offspring growth and risk of overweight/obesity through age 7 y, after adjustment for confounders, including maternal prepregnancy obesity status. Design: FPG concentrations at 28 gestational weeks (IQR: 22-32 wk) were extracted from medical records for 661 pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus in the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). Offspring's ponderal index was derived from birth weight and length; age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) z scores at 5 mo, 12 mo, and 7 y were calculated based on WHO reference data. Relations between FPG and offspring growth and obesity were assessed by linear and Poisson regression with robust standard errors, adjusting for maternal prepregnancy BMI and sociodemographic and perinatal factors. Results: At birth, maternal FPG during pregnancy was significantly associated with offspring ponderal index (β = 0.46; 95% CI: 0.14, 0.78 per 1-mmol/L increase) and risk of macrosomia (birth weight .4000 g) (RR = 1.21; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.38 per 1-mmol/L increase). At 7 y, higher maternal FPG concentrations were significantly associated with increased BMI z scores (β = 0.20; 95% CI: 0.04, 0.36) and elevated risk of overweight/obesity (RR = 1.21; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.50). Additional adjustment for birth weight and childhood lifestyle factors did not appreciably alter results. No associations were observed at 5 or 12 mo. Conclusion: Among women with gestational diabetes mellitus, maternal FPG concentrations during pregnancy were significantly and positively associated with offspring birth size and overweight/obesity risk at 7 y, adjusting for maternal prepregnancy BMI.

KW - Childhood obesity

KW - Fasting plasma glucose

KW - Gestational diabetes

KW - Intrauterine exposure

KW - Macrosomia

KW - Prepregnancy obesity

U2 - 10.3945/ajcn.115.121780

DO - 10.3945/ajcn.115.121780

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26817507

AN - SCOPUS:84959935020

VL - 103

SP - 794

EP - 800

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 178793651