Interventions to improve adherence to first-line antibiotics in respiratory tract infections: The impact depends on the intensity of the intervention

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Interventions to improve adherence to first-line antibiotics in respiratory tract infections : The impact depends on the intensity of the intervention. / Llor, Carl; Monedero, María José; García, Guillermo; Arranz, Javier; Cots, Josep Maria; Bjerrum, Lars.

In: The European Journal of General Practice, Vol. 21, No. 1, 03.2015, p. 12-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Llor, C, Monedero, MJ, García, G, Arranz, J, Cots, JM & Bjerrum, L 2015, 'Interventions to improve adherence to first-line antibiotics in respiratory tract infections: The impact depends on the intensity of the intervention', The European Journal of General Practice, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 12-18. https://doi.org/10.3109/13814788.2014.933205

APA

Llor, C., Monedero, M. J., García, G., Arranz, J., Cots, J. M., & Bjerrum, L. (2015). Interventions to improve adherence to first-line antibiotics in respiratory tract infections: The impact depends on the intensity of the intervention. The European Journal of General Practice, 21(1), 12-18. https://doi.org/10.3109/13814788.2014.933205

Vancouver

Llor C, Monedero MJ, García G, Arranz J, Cots JM, Bjerrum L. Interventions to improve adherence to first-line antibiotics in respiratory tract infections: The impact depends on the intensity of the intervention. The European Journal of General Practice. 2015 Mar;21(1):12-18. https://doi.org/10.3109/13814788.2014.933205

Author

Llor, Carl ; Monedero, María José ; García, Guillermo ; Arranz, Javier ; Cots, Josep Maria ; Bjerrum, Lars. / Interventions to improve adherence to first-line antibiotics in respiratory tract infections : The impact depends on the intensity of the intervention. In: The European Journal of General Practice. 2015 ; Vol. 21, No. 1. pp. 12-18.

Bibtex

@article{134b8d8eb5cf480696cc99566d80a9d3,
title = "Interventions to improve adherence to first-line antibiotics in respiratory tract infections: The impact depends on the intensity of the intervention",
abstract = "Background: Many interventions aimed at improving the quality of antibiotic prescribing have been investigated, but more knowledge is needed regarding the impact of different intensity interventions. Objectives: To compare the effect of two interventions, a basic intervention (BI) and intensive intervention (II), aimed to improve the adherence to recommendations on first-line antibiotics in patients with respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Methods: General practitioners (GPs) from different regions of Spain were offered two different interventions on antibiotic prescribing. They registered all patients with RTIs during 15 days before (2008) and after (2009) the intervention. GPs in Catalonia were exposed to BI including prescriber feedback, clinical guidelines and training sessions focused on appropriate antibiotic prescribing. The other group of GPs was exposed to an II, which besides BI, also included training and access to point-of-care tests in practice. Results: The GPs registered 15 073 RTIs before the intervention and 12 760 RTIs after. The antibiotic prescribing rate reduced from 27.7{\%} to 19.8{\%}. Prescribing of first-choice antibiotics increased after the intervention in both groups. In the group of GPs following the BI, first-line antibiotics accounted for 23.8{\%} of antibiotics before the intervention and 29.4{\%} after (increase 5.6{\%}, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 1.2-10{\%}), while in the group of GPs following the II these figures were 26.2{\%} and 48.6{\%} (increase 22.4{\%}, 95{\%} CI: 18.8-26{\%}), respectively. Conclusion: Multifaceted interventions targeting GPs can improve adherence to recommendations for first-line antibiotic prescribing in patients with RTI, with intensive interventions that include point-of-care testing being more effective.",
author = "Carl Llor and Monedero, {Mar{\'i}a Jos{\'e}} and Guillermo Garc{\'i}a and Javier Arranz and Cots, {Josep Maria} and Lars Bjerrum",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
doi = "10.3109/13814788.2014.933205",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "12--18",
journal = "European Journal of General Practice",
issn = "1381-4788",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interventions to improve adherence to first-line antibiotics in respiratory tract infections

T2 - The impact depends on the intensity of the intervention

AU - Llor, Carl

AU - Monedero, María José

AU - García, Guillermo

AU - Arranz, Javier

AU - Cots, Josep Maria

AU - Bjerrum, Lars

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - Background: Many interventions aimed at improving the quality of antibiotic prescribing have been investigated, but more knowledge is needed regarding the impact of different intensity interventions. Objectives: To compare the effect of two interventions, a basic intervention (BI) and intensive intervention (II), aimed to improve the adherence to recommendations on first-line antibiotics in patients with respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Methods: General practitioners (GPs) from different regions of Spain were offered two different interventions on antibiotic prescribing. They registered all patients with RTIs during 15 days before (2008) and after (2009) the intervention. GPs in Catalonia were exposed to BI including prescriber feedback, clinical guidelines and training sessions focused on appropriate antibiotic prescribing. The other group of GPs was exposed to an II, which besides BI, also included training and access to point-of-care tests in practice. Results: The GPs registered 15 073 RTIs before the intervention and 12 760 RTIs after. The antibiotic prescribing rate reduced from 27.7% to 19.8%. Prescribing of first-choice antibiotics increased after the intervention in both groups. In the group of GPs following the BI, first-line antibiotics accounted for 23.8% of antibiotics before the intervention and 29.4% after (increase 5.6%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2-10%), while in the group of GPs following the II these figures were 26.2% and 48.6% (increase 22.4%, 95% CI: 18.8-26%), respectively. Conclusion: Multifaceted interventions targeting GPs can improve adherence to recommendations for first-line antibiotic prescribing in patients with RTI, with intensive interventions that include point-of-care testing being more effective.

AB - Background: Many interventions aimed at improving the quality of antibiotic prescribing have been investigated, but more knowledge is needed regarding the impact of different intensity interventions. Objectives: To compare the effect of two interventions, a basic intervention (BI) and intensive intervention (II), aimed to improve the adherence to recommendations on first-line antibiotics in patients with respiratory tract infections (RTIs). Methods: General practitioners (GPs) from different regions of Spain were offered two different interventions on antibiotic prescribing. They registered all patients with RTIs during 15 days before (2008) and after (2009) the intervention. GPs in Catalonia were exposed to BI including prescriber feedback, clinical guidelines and training sessions focused on appropriate antibiotic prescribing. The other group of GPs was exposed to an II, which besides BI, also included training and access to point-of-care tests in practice. Results: The GPs registered 15 073 RTIs before the intervention and 12 760 RTIs after. The antibiotic prescribing rate reduced from 27.7% to 19.8%. Prescribing of first-choice antibiotics increased after the intervention in both groups. In the group of GPs following the BI, first-line antibiotics accounted for 23.8% of antibiotics before the intervention and 29.4% after (increase 5.6%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2-10%), while in the group of GPs following the II these figures were 26.2% and 48.6% (increase 22.4%, 95% CI: 18.8-26%), respectively. Conclusion: Multifaceted interventions targeting GPs can improve adherence to recommendations for first-line antibiotic prescribing in patients with RTI, with intensive interventions that include point-of-care testing being more effective.

U2 - 10.3109/13814788.2014.933205

DO - 10.3109/13814788.2014.933205

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25112148

VL - 21

SP - 12

EP - 18

JO - European Journal of General Practice

JF - European Journal of General Practice

SN - 1381-4788

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 120609544