Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution and mortality adjusting for road traffic noise: A Danish Nurse Cohort study

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Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution and mortality adjusting for road traffic noise : A Danish Nurse Cohort study. / So, Rina; Jørgensen, Jeanette Therming; Lim, Youn-Hee; Mehta, Amar J; Amini, Heresh; Mortensen, Laust H; Westendorp, Rudi; Ketzel, Matthias; Hertel, Ole; Brandt, Jørgen; Christensen, Jesper H; Geels, Camilla; Frohn, Lise M; Sisgaard, Torben; Bräuner, Elvira Vaclavik; Jensen, Steen Solvang; Backalarz, Claus; Simonsen, Mette Kildevæld; Loft, Steffen; Cole-Hunter, Tom; Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic.

In: Environment International, Vol. 143, 105983, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

So, R, Jørgensen, JT, Lim, Y-H, Mehta, AJ, Amini, H, Mortensen, LH, Westendorp, R, Ketzel, M, Hertel, O, Brandt, J, Christensen, JH, Geels, C, Frohn, LM, Sisgaard, T, Bräuner, EV, Jensen, SS, Backalarz, C, Simonsen, MK, Loft, S, Cole-Hunter, T & Andersen, ZJ 2020, 'Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution and mortality adjusting for road traffic noise: A Danish Nurse Cohort study', Environment International, vol. 143, 105983. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105983

APA

So, R., Jørgensen, J. T., Lim, Y-H., Mehta, A. J., Amini, H., Mortensen, L. H., ... Andersen, Z. J. (2020). Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution and mortality adjusting for road traffic noise: A Danish Nurse Cohort study. Environment International, 143, [105983]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105983

Vancouver

So R, Jørgensen JT, Lim Y-H, Mehta AJ, Amini H, Mortensen LH et al. Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution and mortality adjusting for road traffic noise: A Danish Nurse Cohort study. Environment International. 2020;143. 105983. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105983

Author

So, Rina ; Jørgensen, Jeanette Therming ; Lim, Youn-Hee ; Mehta, Amar J ; Amini, Heresh ; Mortensen, Laust H ; Westendorp, Rudi ; Ketzel, Matthias ; Hertel, Ole ; Brandt, Jørgen ; Christensen, Jesper H ; Geels, Camilla ; Frohn, Lise M ; Sisgaard, Torben ; Bräuner, Elvira Vaclavik ; Jensen, Steen Solvang ; Backalarz, Claus ; Simonsen, Mette Kildevæld ; Loft, Steffen ; Cole-Hunter, Tom ; Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic. / Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution and mortality adjusting for road traffic noise : A Danish Nurse Cohort study. In: Environment International. 2020 ; Vol. 143.

Bibtex

@article{4106fa52f5734a9abe99a8bc72155e01,
title = "Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution and mortality adjusting for road traffic noise: A Danish Nurse Cohort study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The association between air pollution and mortality is well established, yet some uncertainties remain: there are few studies that account for road traffic noise exposure or that consider in detail the shape of the exposure-response function for cause-specific mortality outcomes, especially at low-levels of exposure.OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter [(PM) with a diameter of <2.5 µm (PM2.5), <10 µm (PM10)], and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and total and cause-specific mortality, accounting for road traffic noise.METHODS: We used data on 24,541 females (age > 44 years) from the Danish Nurse Cohort, who were recruited in 1993 or 1999, and linked to the Danish Causes of Death Register for follow-up on date of death and its cause, until the end of 2013. Annual mean concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 at the participants' residences since 1990 were estimated using the Danish DEHM/UBM/AirGIS dispersion model, and annual mean road traffic noise levels (Lden) were estimated using the Nord2000 model. We examined associations between the three-year running mean of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 with total and cause-specific mortality by using time-varying Cox Regression models, adjusting for individual characteristics and residential road traffic noise.RESULTS: During the study period, 3,708 nurses died: 843 from cardiovascular disease (CVD), 310 from respiratory disease (RD), and 64 from diabetes. In the fully adjusted models, including road traffic noise, we detected associations of three-year running mean of PM2.5 with total (hazard ratio; 95{\%} confidence interval: 1.06; 1.01-1.11), CVD (1.14; 1.03-1.26), and diabetes mortality (1.41; 1.05-1.90), per interquartile range of 4.39 μg/m3. In a subset of the cohort exposed to PM2.5 < 20 µg/m3, we found even stronger association with total (1.19; 1.11-1.27), CVD (1.27; 1.01-1.46), RD (1.27; 1.00-1.60), and diabetes mortality (1.44; 0.83-2.48). We found similar associations with PM10 and none with NO2. All associations were robust to adjustment for road traffic noise.DISCUSSION: Long-term exposure to low-levels of PM2.5 and PM10 is associated with total mortality, and mortality from CVD, RD, and diabetes. Associations were even stronger at the PM2.5 levels below EU limit values and were independent of road traffic noise.",
author = "Rina So and J{\o}rgensen, {Jeanette Therming} and Youn-Hee Lim and Mehta, {Amar J} and Heresh Amini and Mortensen, {Laust H} and Rudi Westendorp and Matthias Ketzel and Ole Hertel and J{\o}rgen Brandt and Christensen, {Jesper H} and Camilla Geels and Frohn, {Lise M} and Torben Sisgaard and Br{\"a}uner, {Elvira Vaclavik} and Jensen, {Steen Solvang} and Claus Backalarz and Simonsen, {Mette Kildev{\ae}ld} and Steffen Loft and Tom Cole-Hunter and Andersen, {Zorana Jovanovic}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1016/j.envint.2020.105983",
language = "English",
volume = "143",
journal = "Environment International",
issn = "0160-4120",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-term exposure to low levels of air pollution and mortality adjusting for road traffic noise

T2 - A Danish Nurse Cohort study

AU - So, Rina

AU - Jørgensen, Jeanette Therming

AU - Lim, Youn-Hee

AU - Mehta, Amar J

AU - Amini, Heresh

AU - Mortensen, Laust H

AU - Westendorp, Rudi

AU - Ketzel, Matthias

AU - Hertel, Ole

AU - Brandt, Jørgen

AU - Christensen, Jesper H

AU - Geels, Camilla

AU - Frohn, Lise M

AU - Sisgaard, Torben

AU - Bräuner, Elvira Vaclavik

AU - Jensen, Steen Solvang

AU - Backalarz, Claus

AU - Simonsen, Mette Kildevæld

AU - Loft, Steffen

AU - Cole-Hunter, Tom

AU - Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic

N1 - Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - BACKGROUND: The association between air pollution and mortality is well established, yet some uncertainties remain: there are few studies that account for road traffic noise exposure or that consider in detail the shape of the exposure-response function for cause-specific mortality outcomes, especially at low-levels of exposure.OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter [(PM) with a diameter of <2.5 µm (PM2.5), <10 µm (PM10)], and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and total and cause-specific mortality, accounting for road traffic noise.METHODS: We used data on 24,541 females (age > 44 years) from the Danish Nurse Cohort, who were recruited in 1993 or 1999, and linked to the Danish Causes of Death Register for follow-up on date of death and its cause, until the end of 2013. Annual mean concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 at the participants' residences since 1990 were estimated using the Danish DEHM/UBM/AirGIS dispersion model, and annual mean road traffic noise levels (Lden) were estimated using the Nord2000 model. We examined associations between the three-year running mean of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 with total and cause-specific mortality by using time-varying Cox Regression models, adjusting for individual characteristics and residential road traffic noise.RESULTS: During the study period, 3,708 nurses died: 843 from cardiovascular disease (CVD), 310 from respiratory disease (RD), and 64 from diabetes. In the fully adjusted models, including road traffic noise, we detected associations of three-year running mean of PM2.5 with total (hazard ratio; 95% confidence interval: 1.06; 1.01-1.11), CVD (1.14; 1.03-1.26), and diabetes mortality (1.41; 1.05-1.90), per interquartile range of 4.39 μg/m3. In a subset of the cohort exposed to PM2.5 < 20 µg/m3, we found even stronger association with total (1.19; 1.11-1.27), CVD (1.27; 1.01-1.46), RD (1.27; 1.00-1.60), and diabetes mortality (1.44; 0.83-2.48). We found similar associations with PM10 and none with NO2. All associations were robust to adjustment for road traffic noise.DISCUSSION: Long-term exposure to low-levels of PM2.5 and PM10 is associated with total mortality, and mortality from CVD, RD, and diabetes. Associations were even stronger at the PM2.5 levels below EU limit values and were independent of road traffic noise.

AB - BACKGROUND: The association between air pollution and mortality is well established, yet some uncertainties remain: there are few studies that account for road traffic noise exposure or that consider in detail the shape of the exposure-response function for cause-specific mortality outcomes, especially at low-levels of exposure.OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between long-term exposure to particulate matter [(PM) with a diameter of <2.5 µm (PM2.5), <10 µm (PM10)], and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and total and cause-specific mortality, accounting for road traffic noise.METHODS: We used data on 24,541 females (age > 44 years) from the Danish Nurse Cohort, who were recruited in 1993 or 1999, and linked to the Danish Causes of Death Register for follow-up on date of death and its cause, until the end of 2013. Annual mean concentrations of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 at the participants' residences since 1990 were estimated using the Danish DEHM/UBM/AirGIS dispersion model, and annual mean road traffic noise levels (Lden) were estimated using the Nord2000 model. We examined associations between the three-year running mean of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 with total and cause-specific mortality by using time-varying Cox Regression models, adjusting for individual characteristics and residential road traffic noise.RESULTS: During the study period, 3,708 nurses died: 843 from cardiovascular disease (CVD), 310 from respiratory disease (RD), and 64 from diabetes. In the fully adjusted models, including road traffic noise, we detected associations of three-year running mean of PM2.5 with total (hazard ratio; 95% confidence interval: 1.06; 1.01-1.11), CVD (1.14; 1.03-1.26), and diabetes mortality (1.41; 1.05-1.90), per interquartile range of 4.39 μg/m3. In a subset of the cohort exposed to PM2.5 < 20 µg/m3, we found even stronger association with total (1.19; 1.11-1.27), CVD (1.27; 1.01-1.46), RD (1.27; 1.00-1.60), and diabetes mortality (1.44; 0.83-2.48). We found similar associations with PM10 and none with NO2. All associations were robust to adjustment for road traffic noise.DISCUSSION: Long-term exposure to low-levels of PM2.5 and PM10 is associated with total mortality, and mortality from CVD, RD, and diabetes. Associations were even stronger at the PM2.5 levels below EU limit values and were independent of road traffic noise.

U2 - 10.1016/j.envint.2020.105983

DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2020.105983

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32736159

VL - 143

JO - Environment International

JF - Environment International

SN - 0160-4120

M1 - 105983

ER -

ID: 246601580