Microbial contamination and tissue procurement location: A conventional operating room is not mandatory. An observational study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • Benjamin Louart
  • Claire Charles
  • Nguyen, Long
  • Nicolas Builles
  • Claire Roger
  • Jean Yves Lefrant
  • Florence Vachiery-Lahaye
  • John De Vos
  • Guilhem Couderc
  • Laurent Muller

Background Standard operating rooms (SOR) are assumed to be the best place to prevent microbial contamination when performing tissue procurement. However, mobilizing an operating room is time and cost consuming if no organ retrieval is performed. In such case, non-operating dedicated rooms (NODR) are usually recommended by European guidelines for tissue harvesting. Performing the tissue retrieval in the Intensive care unit (ICU) when possible might be considered as it allows a faster and simpler procedure. Objective Our primary objective was to study the relationship between the risk of microbial contamination and the location (ICU, SOR or NODR) of the tissue retrieval in heart-beating and non-heart-beating deceased donors. Materials and method We retrospectively reviewed all deceased donors’ files of the local tissue banks of Montpellier and Marseille from January 2007 to December 2014. The primary endpoint was the microbial contamination of the grafts. We built a multivariate regression model and used a GEE (generalized estimating equations) allowing us to take into account the clustered structure of our data. Results 2535 cases were analyzed involving 1027 donors. The retrieval took place for 1189 in a SOR, for 996 in a hospital mortuary (NODR) and for 350 in an ICU. 285 (11%) microbial contaminations were revealed. The multivariate analysis found that the location in a hospital mortuary was associated with a lower risk of contamination (OR 0.43, 95% CI [0.2–0.91], p = 0.03). A procurement performed in the ICU was not associated with a significant increased risk (OR 0.62, 95% CI [0.26–1.48], p = 0.4). Conclusion According to our results, performing tissue procurement in dedicated non-sterile rooms could decrease the rate of allograft tissue contamination. This study also suggests that in daily clinical practice, transferring patients from ICU to SOR for tissue procurement could be avoided as it does not lead to less microbial contamination.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0210140
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number1
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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