Mode of Delivery and Asthma at School Age in 9 European Birth Cohorts

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Mode of Delivery and Asthma at School Age in 9 European Birth Cohorts. / Rusconi, Franca; Zugna, Daniela; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella; Baïz, Nour; Barros, Henrique; Correia, Sofia; Duijts, Liesbeth; Forastiere, Francesco; Inskip, Hazel; Kelleher, Cecily C.; Larsen, Pernille S.; Mommers, Monique; Nybo Andersen, Anne-Marie; Penders, John; Pike, Katharine; Porta, Daniela; Sonnenschein-van der Voort, Agnes; Sunyer, Jordi; Torrent, Maties; Viljoen, Karien; Vrijheid, Martine; Richiardi, Lorenzo; Galassi, Claudia.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 185, No. 6, 15.03.2017, p. 465-473.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rusconi, F, Zugna, D, Annesi-Maesano, I, Baïz, N, Barros, H, Correia, S, Duijts, L, Forastiere, F, Inskip, H, Kelleher, CC, Larsen, PS, Mommers, M, Nybo Andersen, A-M, Penders, J, Pike, K, Porta, D, Sonnenschein-van der Voort, A, Sunyer, J, Torrent, M, Viljoen, K, Vrijheid, M, Richiardi, L & Galassi, C 2017, 'Mode of Delivery and Asthma at School Age in 9 European Birth Cohorts', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 185, no. 6, pp. 465-473. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx021

APA

Rusconi, F., Zugna, D., Annesi-Maesano, I., Baïz, N., Barros, H., Correia, S., ... Galassi, C. (2017). Mode of Delivery and Asthma at School Age in 9 European Birth Cohorts. American Journal of Epidemiology, 185(6), 465-473. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx021

Vancouver

Rusconi F, Zugna D, Annesi-Maesano I, Baïz N, Barros H, Correia S et al. Mode of Delivery and Asthma at School Age in 9 European Birth Cohorts. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2017 Mar 15;185(6):465-473. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx021

Author

Rusconi, Franca ; Zugna, Daniela ; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella ; Baïz, Nour ; Barros, Henrique ; Correia, Sofia ; Duijts, Liesbeth ; Forastiere, Francesco ; Inskip, Hazel ; Kelleher, Cecily C. ; Larsen, Pernille S. ; Mommers, Monique ; Nybo Andersen, Anne-Marie ; Penders, John ; Pike, Katharine ; Porta, Daniela ; Sonnenschein-van der Voort, Agnes ; Sunyer, Jordi ; Torrent, Maties ; Viljoen, Karien ; Vrijheid, Martine ; Richiardi, Lorenzo ; Galassi, Claudia. / Mode of Delivery and Asthma at School Age in 9 European Birth Cohorts. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 2017 ; Vol. 185, No. 6. pp. 465-473.

Bibtex

@article{487d57e31a0c4ec5a0b47f02414d23c2,
title = "Mode of Delivery and Asthma at School Age in 9 European Birth Cohorts",
abstract = "Evidence on the association between mode of delivery and asthma at school age is inconclusive. We assessed the associations between specific modes of delivery and asthma in children from 9 European birth cohorts that enrolled participants between 1996 and 2006. Cohort-specific crude and adjusted risk ratios for asthma at ages 5–9 years were calculated using Poisson regression models and pooled. A sensitivity analysis was carried out in children born at term to reduce confounding due to perinatal factors. The study included 67,613 participants. Cohort-specific rates of cesarean delivery varied from 9.4{\%} to 37.5{\%}. Cesarean delivery, as opposed to vaginal delivery, was associated with an increased risk of asthma (adjusted risk ratio (aRR) = 1.22, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 1.02, 1.46). Compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery, the adjusted risk ratio was 1.33 (95{\%} CI: 1.02, 1.75) for elective cesarean delivery, 1.07 (95{\%} CI: 0.94, 1.22) for emergency cesarean delivery, and 0.97 (95{\%} CI: 0.84, 1.12) for operative vaginal delivery. In children born at term, the associations were strengthened only for elective cesarean delivery (aRR = 1.49, 95{\%} CI: 1.13, 1.97). The large sample size allowed analysis of the associations between specific modes of delivery and asthma at school age. The increased risk of asthma associated with elective cesarean delivery, especially among children born at term, is relevant in counteracting the increasing use of this procedure, which is often performed without a clear medical indication.",
author = "Franca Rusconi and Daniela Zugna and Isabella Annesi-Maesano and Nour Ba{\"i}z and Henrique Barros and Sofia Correia and Liesbeth Duijts and Francesco Forastiere and Hazel Inskip and Kelleher, {Cecily C.} and Larsen, {Pernille S.} and Monique Mommers and {Nybo Andersen}, Anne-Marie and John Penders and Katharine Pike and Daniela Porta and {Sonnenschein-van der Voort}, Agnes and Jordi Sunyer and Maties Torrent and Karien Viljoen and Martine Vrijheid and Lorenzo Richiardi and Claudia Galassi",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1093/aje/kwx021",
language = "English",
volume = "185",
pages = "465--473",
journal = "American Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0002-9262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mode of Delivery and Asthma at School Age in 9 European Birth Cohorts

AU - Rusconi, Franca

AU - Zugna, Daniela

AU - Annesi-Maesano, Isabella

AU - Baïz, Nour

AU - Barros, Henrique

AU - Correia, Sofia

AU - Duijts, Liesbeth

AU - Forastiere, Francesco

AU - Inskip, Hazel

AU - Kelleher, Cecily C.

AU - Larsen, Pernille S.

AU - Mommers, Monique

AU - Nybo Andersen, Anne-Marie

AU - Penders, John

AU - Pike, Katharine

AU - Porta, Daniela

AU - Sonnenschein-van der Voort, Agnes

AU - Sunyer, Jordi

AU - Torrent, Maties

AU - Viljoen, Karien

AU - Vrijheid, Martine

AU - Richiardi, Lorenzo

AU - Galassi, Claudia

PY - 2017/3/15

Y1 - 2017/3/15

N2 - Evidence on the association between mode of delivery and asthma at school age is inconclusive. We assessed the associations between specific modes of delivery and asthma in children from 9 European birth cohorts that enrolled participants between 1996 and 2006. Cohort-specific crude and adjusted risk ratios for asthma at ages 5–9 years were calculated using Poisson regression models and pooled. A sensitivity analysis was carried out in children born at term to reduce confounding due to perinatal factors. The study included 67,613 participants. Cohort-specific rates of cesarean delivery varied from 9.4% to 37.5%. Cesarean delivery, as opposed to vaginal delivery, was associated with an increased risk of asthma (adjusted risk ratio (aRR) = 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02, 1.46). Compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery, the adjusted risk ratio was 1.33 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.75) for elective cesarean delivery, 1.07 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.22) for emergency cesarean delivery, and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.84, 1.12) for operative vaginal delivery. In children born at term, the associations were strengthened only for elective cesarean delivery (aRR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.13, 1.97). The large sample size allowed analysis of the associations between specific modes of delivery and asthma at school age. The increased risk of asthma associated with elective cesarean delivery, especially among children born at term, is relevant in counteracting the increasing use of this procedure, which is often performed without a clear medical indication.

AB - Evidence on the association between mode of delivery and asthma at school age is inconclusive. We assessed the associations between specific modes of delivery and asthma in children from 9 European birth cohorts that enrolled participants between 1996 and 2006. Cohort-specific crude and adjusted risk ratios for asthma at ages 5–9 years were calculated using Poisson regression models and pooled. A sensitivity analysis was carried out in children born at term to reduce confounding due to perinatal factors. The study included 67,613 participants. Cohort-specific rates of cesarean delivery varied from 9.4% to 37.5%. Cesarean delivery, as opposed to vaginal delivery, was associated with an increased risk of asthma (adjusted risk ratio (aRR) = 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.02, 1.46). Compared with spontaneous vaginal delivery, the adjusted risk ratio was 1.33 (95% CI: 1.02, 1.75) for elective cesarean delivery, 1.07 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.22) for emergency cesarean delivery, and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.84, 1.12) for operative vaginal delivery. In children born at term, the associations were strengthened only for elective cesarean delivery (aRR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.13, 1.97). The large sample size allowed analysis of the associations between specific modes of delivery and asthma at school age. The increased risk of asthma associated with elective cesarean delivery, especially among children born at term, is relevant in counteracting the increasing use of this procedure, which is often performed without a clear medical indication.

U2 - 10.1093/aje/kwx021

DO - 10.1093/aje/kwx021

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28399567

VL - 185

SP - 465

EP - 473

JO - American Journal of Epidemiology

JF - American Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0002-9262

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 179321972