Native and foreign healthcare workers' knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics: a prospective pre-post study in Danish nursing homes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Native and foreign healthcare workers' knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics : a prospective pre-post study in Danish nursing homes. / Rasmussen, Ida Scheel; Hansen, Matilde Bogelund; Marloth, Tina; Arpi, Magnus; Jarlov, Jens Otto; Arnold, Sif Helene; Mogensen, Dorthe; Jensen, Jette Nygaard.

In: Primary health care research & development, Vol. 22, 12, 2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Rasmussen, IS, Hansen, MB, Marloth, T, Arpi, M, Jarlov, JO, Arnold, SH, Mogensen, D & Jensen, JN 2021, 'Native and foreign healthcare workers' knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics: a prospective pre-post study in Danish nursing homes', Primary health care research & development, vol. 22, 12. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1463423621000025

APA

Rasmussen, I. S., Hansen, M. B., Marloth, T., Arpi, M., Jarlov, J. O., Arnold, S. H., Mogensen, D., & Jensen, J. N. (2021). Native and foreign healthcare workers' knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics: a prospective pre-post study in Danish nursing homes. Primary health care research & development, 22, [12]. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1463423621000025

Vancouver

Rasmussen IS, Hansen MB, Marloth T, Arpi M, Jarlov JO, Arnold SH et al. Native and foreign healthcare workers' knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics: a prospective pre-post study in Danish nursing homes. Primary health care research & development. 2021;22. 12. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1463423621000025

Author

Rasmussen, Ida Scheel ; Hansen, Matilde Bogelund ; Marloth, Tina ; Arpi, Magnus ; Jarlov, Jens Otto ; Arnold, Sif Helene ; Mogensen, Dorthe ; Jensen, Jette Nygaard. / Native and foreign healthcare workers' knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics : a prospective pre-post study in Danish nursing homes. In: Primary health care research & development. 2021 ; Vol. 22.

Bibtex

@article{41c2a06113bf4a6e998a575c017aa9cb,
title = "Native and foreign healthcare workers' knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics: a prospective pre-post study in Danish nursing homes",
abstract = "Aim:The aim was to determine the association between healthcare workers' (HCWs) country of birth and their knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics, and whether the association changed after an educational intervention.Background:Older residents in nursing homes have been recognized to receive excessively antibiotic treatments. HCWs often represent an important link between the older resident and the general practitioner prescribing the antibiotics, thus their knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics is important.Methods:This study was conducted as a prospective pre-post study. Totally, 312 HCWs from 7 nursing homes in Denmark were included. For statistical analyses, chi(2) test and a linear mixed regression model were applied.Findings:Native HCWs were more likely to have a higher percentage of correct responses to single statements related to knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics. Native HCWs had a significantly higher knowledge-of-antibiotic score compared to foreign HCWs (-7.53, P <0.01). This association remained significant after adjusting for relevant covariates (-5.64, P <0.01). Native HCWs' mean change in knowledge-of-antibiotic score after the intervention did not differ from the foreign HCWs' mean change in knowledge-of-antibiotic score.Conclusion:Our findings indicate that HCWs born outside Denmark reveal a lower knowledge-of-antibiotic score than HCWs born in Denmark despite comparable educational backgrounds. All participants increased their knowledge from baseline to follow-up. Our findings also indicate that an educational seminar cannot equalize the difference in knowledge between native and foreign HCWs. Studies with larger sample size and a more detailed measurement of cultural identity should investigate this association further.",
keywords = "antibiotic, antimicrobial, healthcare workers, nursing home",
author = "Rasmussen, {Ida Scheel} and Hansen, {Matilde Bogelund} and Tina Marloth and Magnus Arpi and Jarlov, {Jens Otto} and Arnold, {Sif Helene} and Dorthe Mogensen and Jensen, {Jette Nygaard}",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1017/S1463423621000025",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
journal = "Primary health care research &amp; development",
issn = "1463-4236",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Native and foreign healthcare workers' knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics

T2 - a prospective pre-post study in Danish nursing homes

AU - Rasmussen, Ida Scheel

AU - Hansen, Matilde Bogelund

AU - Marloth, Tina

AU - Arpi, Magnus

AU - Jarlov, Jens Otto

AU - Arnold, Sif Helene

AU - Mogensen, Dorthe

AU - Jensen, Jette Nygaard

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Aim:The aim was to determine the association between healthcare workers' (HCWs) country of birth and their knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics, and whether the association changed after an educational intervention.Background:Older residents in nursing homes have been recognized to receive excessively antibiotic treatments. HCWs often represent an important link between the older resident and the general practitioner prescribing the antibiotics, thus their knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics is important.Methods:This study was conducted as a prospective pre-post study. Totally, 312 HCWs from 7 nursing homes in Denmark were included. For statistical analyses, chi(2) test and a linear mixed regression model were applied.Findings:Native HCWs were more likely to have a higher percentage of correct responses to single statements related to knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics. Native HCWs had a significantly higher knowledge-of-antibiotic score compared to foreign HCWs (-7.53, P <0.01). This association remained significant after adjusting for relevant covariates (-5.64, P <0.01). Native HCWs' mean change in knowledge-of-antibiotic score after the intervention did not differ from the foreign HCWs' mean change in knowledge-of-antibiotic score.Conclusion:Our findings indicate that HCWs born outside Denmark reveal a lower knowledge-of-antibiotic score than HCWs born in Denmark despite comparable educational backgrounds. All participants increased their knowledge from baseline to follow-up. Our findings also indicate that an educational seminar cannot equalize the difference in knowledge between native and foreign HCWs. Studies with larger sample size and a more detailed measurement of cultural identity should investigate this association further.

AB - Aim:The aim was to determine the association between healthcare workers' (HCWs) country of birth and their knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics, and whether the association changed after an educational intervention.Background:Older residents in nursing homes have been recognized to receive excessively antibiotic treatments. HCWs often represent an important link between the older resident and the general practitioner prescribing the antibiotics, thus their knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics is important.Methods:This study was conducted as a prospective pre-post study. Totally, 312 HCWs from 7 nursing homes in Denmark were included. For statistical analyses, chi(2) test and a linear mixed regression model were applied.Findings:Native HCWs were more likely to have a higher percentage of correct responses to single statements related to knowledge of appropriate use of antibiotics. Native HCWs had a significantly higher knowledge-of-antibiotic score compared to foreign HCWs (-7.53, P <0.01). This association remained significant after adjusting for relevant covariates (-5.64, P <0.01). Native HCWs' mean change in knowledge-of-antibiotic score after the intervention did not differ from the foreign HCWs' mean change in knowledge-of-antibiotic score.Conclusion:Our findings indicate that HCWs born outside Denmark reveal a lower knowledge-of-antibiotic score than HCWs born in Denmark despite comparable educational backgrounds. All participants increased their knowledge from baseline to follow-up. Our findings also indicate that an educational seminar cannot equalize the difference in knowledge between native and foreign HCWs. Studies with larger sample size and a more detailed measurement of cultural identity should investigate this association further.

KW - antibiotic

KW - antimicrobial

KW - healthcare workers

KW - nursing home

U2 - 10.1017/S1463423621000025

DO - 10.1017/S1463423621000025

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33818336

VL - 22

JO - Primary health care research &amp; development

JF - Primary health care research &amp; development

SN - 1463-4236

M1 - 12

ER -

ID: 260588367