Persistent use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in heart failure is associated with improved outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Persistent use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in heart failure is associated with improved outcomes. / Gislason, Gunnar H; Rasmussen, Jeppe Nørgaard; Abildstrom, Steen Z; Schramm, Tina Ken; Hansen, Morten Lock; Buch, Nina Pernille Gardshodn; Sørensen, Rikke; Folke, Fredrik; Gadsbøll, Niels; Rasmussen, Søren; Køber, Lars; Madsen, Mette; Torp-Pedersen, Christian.

In: Circulation, Vol. 116, No. 7, 2007, p. 737-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Gislason, GH, Rasmussen, JN, Abildstrom, SZ, Schramm, TK, Hansen, ML, Buch, NPG, Sørensen, R, Folke, F, Gadsbøll, N, Rasmussen, S, Køber, L, Madsen, M & Torp-Pedersen, C 2007, 'Persistent use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in heart failure is associated with improved outcomes', Circulation, vol. 116, no. 7, pp. 737-44. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.669101

APA

Gislason, G. H., Rasmussen, J. N., Abildstrom, S. Z., Schramm, T. K., Hansen, M. L., Buch, N. P. G., Sørensen, R., Folke, F., Gadsbøll, N., Rasmussen, S., Køber, L., Madsen, M., & Torp-Pedersen, C. (2007). Persistent use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in heart failure is associated with improved outcomes. Circulation, 116(7), 737-44. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.669101

Vancouver

Gislason GH, Rasmussen JN, Abildstrom SZ, Schramm TK, Hansen ML, Buch NPG et al. Persistent use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in heart failure is associated with improved outcomes. Circulation. 2007;116(7):737-44. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.669101

Author

Gislason, Gunnar H ; Rasmussen, Jeppe Nørgaard ; Abildstrom, Steen Z ; Schramm, Tina Ken ; Hansen, Morten Lock ; Buch, Nina Pernille Gardshodn ; Sørensen, Rikke ; Folke, Fredrik ; Gadsbøll, Niels ; Rasmussen, Søren ; Køber, Lars ; Madsen, Mette ; Torp-Pedersen, Christian. / Persistent use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in heart failure is associated with improved outcomes. In: Circulation. 2007 ; Vol. 116, No. 7. pp. 737-44.

Bibtex

@article{34cbbf20ff6511dcbee902004c4f4f50,
title = "Persistent use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in heart failure is associated with improved outcomes",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Undertreatment with recommended pharmacotherapy is a common problem in heart failure and may influence prognosis. We studied initiation and persistence of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in 107,092 patients discharged after first hospitalization for heart failure in Denmark from 1995 to 2004. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prescriptions of dispensed medication and mortality were identified by an individual-level linkage of nationwide registers. Inclusion was irrespective of left ventricular function. Treatment with renin-angiotensin inhibitors (eg, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-2 receptor blockers), beta-blockers, spironolactone, and statins was initiated in 43%, 27%, 19%, and 19% of patients, respectively. Patients who did not initiate treatment within 90 days of discharge had a low probability of later treatment initiation. Treatment dosages were in general only 50% of target dosages and were not increased during long-term treatment. Short breaks in therapy were common, but most patients reinitiated treatment. Five years after initiation of treatment, 79% patients were still on renin-angiotensin inhibitors, 65% on beta-blockers, 56% on spironolactone, and 83% on statins. Notably, multiple drug treatment and increased severity of heart failure was associated with persistence of treatment. Nonpersistence with renin-angiotensin inhibitors, beta-blockers, and statins was associated with increased mortality with hazard ratios for death of 1.37 (95% CI, 1.31 to 1.42), 1.25 (95% CI, 1.19 to 1.32), 1.88 (95% CI, 1.67 to 2.12), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Persistence of treatment was high once medication was started, but treatment dosages were below recommended dosages. Increased severity of heart failure or increased number of concomitant medications did not worsen persistence, but nonpersistence identified a high-risk population of patients who required special attention. A focused effort on early treatment initiation, appropriate dosages, and persistence with the regimen is likely to provide long-term benefit. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Aug-14",
author = "Gislason, {Gunnar H} and Rasmussen, {Jeppe N{\o}rgaard} and Abildstrom, {Steen Z} and Schramm, {Tina Ken} and Hansen, {Morten Lock} and Buch, {Nina Pernille Gardshodn} and Rikke S{\o}rensen and Fredrik Folke and Niels Gadsb{\o}ll and S{\o}ren Rasmussen and Lars K{\o}ber and Mette Madsen and Christian Torp-Pedersen",
note = "Keywords: Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; Adult; Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; Cardiac Output, Low; Denmark; Evidence-Based Medicine; Hospital Mortality; Humans; Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors; Patient Compliance; Prescriptions, Drug; Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2; Spironolactone; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.669101",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
pages = "737--44",
journal = "Circulation",
issn = "0009-7322",
publisher = "AHA/ASA",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Persistent use of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in heart failure is associated with improved outcomes

AU - Gislason, Gunnar H

AU - Rasmussen, Jeppe Nørgaard

AU - Abildstrom, Steen Z

AU - Schramm, Tina Ken

AU - Hansen, Morten Lock

AU - Buch, Nina Pernille Gardshodn

AU - Sørensen, Rikke

AU - Folke, Fredrik

AU - Gadsbøll, Niels

AU - Rasmussen, Søren

AU - Køber, Lars

AU - Madsen, Mette

AU - Torp-Pedersen, Christian

N1 - Keywords: Adrenergic beta-Antagonists; Adult; Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; Cardiac Output, Low; Denmark; Evidence-Based Medicine; Hospital Mortality; Humans; Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors; Patient Compliance; Prescriptions, Drug; Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2; Spironolactone; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - BACKGROUND: Undertreatment with recommended pharmacotherapy is a common problem in heart failure and may influence prognosis. We studied initiation and persistence of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in 107,092 patients discharged after first hospitalization for heart failure in Denmark from 1995 to 2004. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prescriptions of dispensed medication and mortality were identified by an individual-level linkage of nationwide registers. Inclusion was irrespective of left ventricular function. Treatment with renin-angiotensin inhibitors (eg, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-2 receptor blockers), beta-blockers, spironolactone, and statins was initiated in 43%, 27%, 19%, and 19% of patients, respectively. Patients who did not initiate treatment within 90 days of discharge had a low probability of later treatment initiation. Treatment dosages were in general only 50% of target dosages and were not increased during long-term treatment. Short breaks in therapy were common, but most patients reinitiated treatment. Five years after initiation of treatment, 79% patients were still on renin-angiotensin inhibitors, 65% on beta-blockers, 56% on spironolactone, and 83% on statins. Notably, multiple drug treatment and increased severity of heart failure was associated with persistence of treatment. Nonpersistence with renin-angiotensin inhibitors, beta-blockers, and statins was associated with increased mortality with hazard ratios for death of 1.37 (95% CI, 1.31 to 1.42), 1.25 (95% CI, 1.19 to 1.32), 1.88 (95% CI, 1.67 to 2.12), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Persistence of treatment was high once medication was started, but treatment dosages were below recommended dosages. Increased severity of heart failure or increased number of concomitant medications did not worsen persistence, but nonpersistence identified a high-risk population of patients who required special attention. A focused effort on early treatment initiation, appropriate dosages, and persistence with the regimen is likely to provide long-term benefit. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Aug-14

AB - BACKGROUND: Undertreatment with recommended pharmacotherapy is a common problem in heart failure and may influence prognosis. We studied initiation and persistence of evidence-based pharmacotherapy in 107,092 patients discharged after first hospitalization for heart failure in Denmark from 1995 to 2004. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prescriptions of dispensed medication and mortality were identified by an individual-level linkage of nationwide registers. Inclusion was irrespective of left ventricular function. Treatment with renin-angiotensin inhibitors (eg, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-2 receptor blockers), beta-blockers, spironolactone, and statins was initiated in 43%, 27%, 19%, and 19% of patients, respectively. Patients who did not initiate treatment within 90 days of discharge had a low probability of later treatment initiation. Treatment dosages were in general only 50% of target dosages and were not increased during long-term treatment. Short breaks in therapy were common, but most patients reinitiated treatment. Five years after initiation of treatment, 79% patients were still on renin-angiotensin inhibitors, 65% on beta-blockers, 56% on spironolactone, and 83% on statins. Notably, multiple drug treatment and increased severity of heart failure was associated with persistence of treatment. Nonpersistence with renin-angiotensin inhibitors, beta-blockers, and statins was associated with increased mortality with hazard ratios for death of 1.37 (95% CI, 1.31 to 1.42), 1.25 (95% CI, 1.19 to 1.32), 1.88 (95% CI, 1.67 to 2.12), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Persistence of treatment was high once medication was started, but treatment dosages were below recommended dosages. Increased severity of heart failure or increased number of concomitant medications did not worsen persistence, but nonpersistence identified a high-risk population of patients who required special attention. A focused effort on early treatment initiation, appropriate dosages, and persistence with the regimen is likely to provide long-term benefit. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Aug-14

U2 - 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.669101

DO - 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.669101

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 17646585

VL - 116

SP - 737

EP - 744

JO - Circulation

JF - Circulation

SN - 0009-7322

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 3421264