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Potential impact of diet on treatment effect from anti-TNF drugs in inflammatory bowel disease

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We wanted to investigate the current knowledge on the impact of diet on anti-TNF response in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), to identify dietary factors that warrant further investigations in relation to anti-TNF treatment response, and, finally, to discuss potential strategies for such investigations. PubMed was searched using specified search terms. One small prospective study on diet and anti-TNF treatment in 56 patients with CD found similar remission rates after 56 weeks among 32 patients with good compliance that received concomitant enteral nutrition and 24 with poor compliance that had no dietary restrictions (78% versus 67%, p = 0.51). A meta-analysis of 295 patients found higher odds of achieving clinical remission and remaining in clinical remission among patients on combination therapy with specialised enteral nutrition and Infliximab (IFX) compared with IFX monotherapy (OR 2.73; 95% CI: 1.73–4.31, p < 0.01, OR 2.93; 95% CI: 1.66–5.17, p < 0.01, respectively). In conclusion, evidence-based knowledge on impact of diet on anti-TNF treatment response for clinical use is scarce. Here we propose a mechanism by which Western style diet high in meat and low in fibre may promote colonic inflammation and potentially impact treatment response to anti-TNF drugs. Further studies using hypothesis-driven and data-driven strategies in prospective observational, animal and interventional studies are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number286
JournalNutrients
Volume9
Issue number3
ISSN2072-6643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

    Research areas

  • Anti-TNF, Chronic inflammatory diseases, Diet, Dietary pattern, Epithelium-associated bacteria, Fibre intake, Food, Lifestyle factors, Meat intake, Microbiome, Mucin-degrading bacteria, Mucosa associated bacteria, Mucus, Personalized medicine, Sulphate-reducing bacteria, Treatment response, Treatment result, Western style diet

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