Prospective study of gestational diabetes and fatty liver scores 9 to 16 years after pregnancy

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

  • Sarah R Donnelly
  • Stefanie N Hinkle
  • Shristi Rawal
  • Grunnet, Louise Groth
  • Jorge E Chavarro
  • Allan Vaag
  • Jing Wu
  • Damm, Peter
  • James L Mills
  • Mengying Li
  • Anne A Bjerregaard
  • Anne Cathrine B Thuesen
  • Robert E Gore-Langton
  • Ellen C Francis
  • Sylvia H Ley
  • Frank B Hu
  • Michael Y Tsai
  • Olsen, Sjurdur F.
  • Cuilin Zhang

BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may be at an increased risk of liver complications because chronic hyperglycemia is a risk factor for liver fat accumulation and potential liver dysfunction. Large prospective studies examining liver fat accumulation following a GDM pregnancy are lacking.

METHODS: The Diabetes & Women's Health Study (2012-2014) examined the association between GDM and subsequent fatty liver scores among 607 women with and 619 women without GDM in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Nine to 16 years postpartum, a clinical examination was performed, with measurement of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and γ-glutamyl transferase, from which fatty liver scoring indices were calculated to assess liver fat score, fatty liver index, hepatic steatosis index, and liver fat percentage. Relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for elevated liver scoring indices by GDM status were assessed adjusting for major risk factors, including prepregnancy body mass index.

RESULTS: Women with prior GDM had higher adjusted ALT and AST levels than women without GDM (by 6.7% [95% CI 1.7-12.0] and 4.8% [95% CI 0.6-9.1], respectively). Women with GDM also had adjusted increased risks for elevated liver fat score (RR 2.34; 95% CI 1.68-3.27), fatty liver index (RR 1.59; 95% CI 1.27-1.99), and hepatic steatosis index (RR 1.44; 95% CI 1.21-1.71).

CONCLUSIONS: Women with GDM during pregnancy were at an increased risk for fatty liver 9 to 16 years postpartum. Gestational diabetes mellitus may serve as another risk indicator for the early identification and prevention of liver fat accumulation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Diabetes
Volume11
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)895-905
Number of pages11
ISSN1753-0393
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

ID: 235918796