The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth. / Andersen, Mikkel Porsborg; Starkopf, Liis; Sessa, Maurizio; Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark; Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik; Bøggild, Henrik; Lange, Theis; Torp-Pedersen, Christian.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 17, 699, 11.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Andersen, MP, Starkopf, L, Sessa, M, Mortensen, RN, Vardinghus-Nielsen, H, Bøggild, H, Lange, T & Torp-Pedersen, C 2017, 'The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth' BMC Public Health, vol. 17, 699. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4712-y

APA

Andersen, M. P., Starkopf, L., Sessa, M., Mortensen, R. N., Vardinghus-Nielsen, H., Bøggild, H., ... Torp-Pedersen, C. (2017). The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth. BMC Public Health, 17, [699]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4712-y

Vancouver

Andersen MP, Starkopf L, Sessa M, Mortensen RN, Vardinghus-Nielsen H, Bøggild H et al. The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth. BMC Public Health. 2017 Sep 11;17. 699. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4712-y

Author

Andersen, Mikkel Porsborg ; Starkopf, Liis ; Sessa, Maurizio ; Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark ; Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik ; Bøggild, Henrik ; Lange, Theis ; Torp-Pedersen, Christian. / The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth. In: BMC Public Health. 2017 ; Vol. 17.

Bibtex

@article{8f0c11b1d4dd425a8e179202f6b716c5,
title = "The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth",
abstract = "Background: Some studies have found positive associations between physical fitness and academic achievements. Pupils' academic achievements should indicate scholastic abilities to commence a post-compulsory education. However, the effect magnitude of physical fitness and academic achievements on commencement in post-compulsory education is unknown. We examined the pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on pupils' commencement in post-compulsory education. Methods: This historical cohort study followed 530 girls and 554 boys from the Danish municipality of Aalborg in the period 2008-2014, 13 to 15 years old in 2010. Physical fitness was assessed through a watt-max cycle ergometer test represented as VO2max (mL·kg-1·min-1). Academic achievement, commencement status and information on covariates were obtained from Danish nationwide registers. Causal inference based mediation analysis was used to investigate the indirect and direct pathways by separating the total effect of physical fitness on post-compulsory education commencement. Results: Adjusting for sex, age, ethnicity and socioeconomic status, the overall mediation analysis showed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.87 (95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 1.30; 2.73) for the total effect, corresponding to an increase in odds of post-compulsory education commencement when the physical fitness was increased by 10 units of VO2max. The separated total effect showed a natural direct OR of 1.36 (95{\%} CI: 0.93; 1.98) and a natural indirect (i.e., through academic achievement) OR of 1.37 (95{\%} CI: 1.20; 1.57). Thus, 51{\%} (95{\%} CI: 27{\%}; 122{\%}) of the effect of physical fitness on post-compulsory education commencement was mediated through academic achievement. Conclusion: Physical fitness had a positive effect on post-compulsory education commencement. A substantial part of this effect was mediated through academic achievement.",
keywords = "Academic achievement, Causal inference, Mediation analysis, Physical fitness, Post-compulsory education, Scholastic abilities",
author = "Andersen, {Mikkel Porsborg} and Liis Starkopf and Maurizio Sessa and Mortensen, {Rikke N{\o}rmark} and Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen and Henrik B{\o}ggild and Theis Lange and Christian Torp-Pedersen",
note = "Correction: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4775-9",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-017-4712-y",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "B M C Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth

AU - Andersen, Mikkel Porsborg

AU - Starkopf, Liis

AU - Sessa, Maurizio

AU - Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark

AU - Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik

AU - Bøggild, Henrik

AU - Lange, Theis

AU - Torp-Pedersen, Christian

N1 - Correction: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4775-9

PY - 2017/9/11

Y1 - 2017/9/11

N2 - Background: Some studies have found positive associations between physical fitness and academic achievements. Pupils' academic achievements should indicate scholastic abilities to commence a post-compulsory education. However, the effect magnitude of physical fitness and academic achievements on commencement in post-compulsory education is unknown. We examined the pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on pupils' commencement in post-compulsory education. Methods: This historical cohort study followed 530 girls and 554 boys from the Danish municipality of Aalborg in the period 2008-2014, 13 to 15 years old in 2010. Physical fitness was assessed through a watt-max cycle ergometer test represented as VO2max (mL·kg-1·min-1). Academic achievement, commencement status and information on covariates were obtained from Danish nationwide registers. Causal inference based mediation analysis was used to investigate the indirect and direct pathways by separating the total effect of physical fitness on post-compulsory education commencement. Results: Adjusting for sex, age, ethnicity and socioeconomic status, the overall mediation analysis showed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.87 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30; 2.73) for the total effect, corresponding to an increase in odds of post-compulsory education commencement when the physical fitness was increased by 10 units of VO2max. The separated total effect showed a natural direct OR of 1.36 (95% CI: 0.93; 1.98) and a natural indirect (i.e., through academic achievement) OR of 1.37 (95% CI: 1.20; 1.57). Thus, 51% (95% CI: 27%; 122%) of the effect of physical fitness on post-compulsory education commencement was mediated through academic achievement. Conclusion: Physical fitness had a positive effect on post-compulsory education commencement. A substantial part of this effect was mediated through academic achievement.

AB - Background: Some studies have found positive associations between physical fitness and academic achievements. Pupils' academic achievements should indicate scholastic abilities to commence a post-compulsory education. However, the effect magnitude of physical fitness and academic achievements on commencement in post-compulsory education is unknown. We examined the pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on pupils' commencement in post-compulsory education. Methods: This historical cohort study followed 530 girls and 554 boys from the Danish municipality of Aalborg in the period 2008-2014, 13 to 15 years old in 2010. Physical fitness was assessed through a watt-max cycle ergometer test represented as VO2max (mL·kg-1·min-1). Academic achievement, commencement status and information on covariates were obtained from Danish nationwide registers. Causal inference based mediation analysis was used to investigate the indirect and direct pathways by separating the total effect of physical fitness on post-compulsory education commencement. Results: Adjusting for sex, age, ethnicity and socioeconomic status, the overall mediation analysis showed an odds ratio (OR) of 1.87 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.30; 2.73) for the total effect, corresponding to an increase in odds of post-compulsory education commencement when the physical fitness was increased by 10 units of VO2max. The separated total effect showed a natural direct OR of 1.36 (95% CI: 0.93; 1.98) and a natural indirect (i.e., through academic achievement) OR of 1.37 (95% CI: 1.20; 1.57). Thus, 51% (95% CI: 27%; 122%) of the effect of physical fitness on post-compulsory education commencement was mediated through academic achievement. Conclusion: Physical fitness had a positive effect on post-compulsory education commencement. A substantial part of this effect was mediated through academic achievement.

KW - Academic achievement

KW - Causal inference

KW - Mediation analysis

KW - Physical fitness

KW - Post-compulsory education

KW - Scholastic abilities

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-017-4712-y

DO - 10.1186/s12889-017-4712-y

M3 - Journal article

VL - 17

JO - B M C Public Health

JF - B M C Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 699

ER -

ID: 190434677