The intracellular to extracellular proton gradient following maximal whole body exercise and its implication for anaerobic energy production
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Maximal exercise elicits systemic acidosis where venous pH can drop to 6.74 and here we assessed how much lower the intracellular value (pHi) might be. The wrist flexor muscles are intensively involved in rowing and 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy allows for calculation of forearm pHi and energy metabolites at high time resolution. Arm venous blood was collected in seven competitive rowers (4 males; 72 ± 5 kg; mean ± SD) at rest and immediately after a “2,000 m” maximal rowing ergometer effort when hemoglobin O2 saturation decreased from 51 ± 4 to 29 ± 9% and lactate rose from 1.0 ± 0.1 to 16.8 ± 3.6 mM. Venous pH and pHi decreased from 7.43 ± 0.01 to 6.90 ± 0.01 and from 7.05 ± 0.02 to 6.32 ± 0.19 (P < 0.05), respectively, while the ratio of inorganic phosphate to phosphocreatine increased from 0.12 ± 0.03 to 1.50 ± 0.49 (P < 0.05). The implication of the recorded intravascular and intracellular acidosis and the decrease in PCr is that the anaerobic contribution to energy metabolism during maximal rowing corresponds to 4.47 ± 1.8 L O2, a value similar to that defined as the “accumulated oxygen deficit”. In conclusion, during maximal rowing the intracellular acidosis, expressed as proton concentration, surpasses ~4-fold the intravascular acidosis, while the resting gradient is ~2.
|Journal||European Journal of Applied Physiology|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2010|
- Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences