The long-term effect of screening and lifestyle counseling on changes in physical activity and diet: the Inter99 Study - a randomized controlled trial

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The long-term effect of screening and lifestyle counseling on changes in physical activity and diet : the Inter99 Study - a randomized controlled trial. / Baumann, Sophie; Toft, Ulla; Aadahl, Mette; Jørgensen, Torben; Pisinger, Charlotta.

In: The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, Vol. 12, 33, 2015, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Baumann, S, Toft, U, Aadahl, M, Jørgensen, T & Pisinger, C 2015, 'The long-term effect of screening and lifestyle counseling on changes in physical activity and diet: the Inter99 Study - a randomized controlled trial', The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 12, 33, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0195-3

APA

Baumann, S., Toft, U., Aadahl, M., Jørgensen, T., & Pisinger, C. (2015). The long-term effect of screening and lifestyle counseling on changes in physical activity and diet: the Inter99 Study - a randomized controlled trial. The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 12, 1-10. [33]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0195-3

Vancouver

Baumann S, Toft U, Aadahl M, Jørgensen T, Pisinger C. The long-term effect of screening and lifestyle counseling on changes in physical activity and diet: the Inter99 Study - a randomized controlled trial. The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity. 2015;12:1-10. 33. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-015-0195-3

Author

Baumann, Sophie ; Toft, Ulla ; Aadahl, Mette ; Jørgensen, Torben ; Pisinger, Charlotta. / The long-term effect of screening and lifestyle counseling on changes in physical activity and diet : the Inter99 Study - a randomized controlled trial. In: The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity. 2015 ; Vol. 12. pp. 1-10.

Bibtex

@article{4385693f329e475285dc01740805176e,
title = "The long-term effect of screening and lifestyle counseling on changes in physical activity and diet: the Inter99 Study - a randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Multi-factorial intervention studies have been found to be successful in the initiation of lifestyle changes. However, little is known about the longer-term maintenance of health behavior improvements. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether improvements in physical activity and dietary habits achieved in a population-based multi-factorial lifestyle intervention of five years duration were maintained five years after intervention activities have ended.METHODS: The study was a population-based randomized controlled trial, Inter99 (1999-2006), Copenhagen, Denmark. Over five years, all participants in the intervention group (n = 6,091) received individual lifestyle counseling; participants at high risk of ischemic heart disease - according to pre-specified criteria - were also offered group-based counseling. The control group (n = 3,324) was followed by questionnaires. Both groups were followed one, three, five, and ten years after baseline. Changes in physical activity and dietary habits (intake of vegetables, fruit, fish, and saturated fat) during and after the intervention were investigated using random-coefficient models.RESULTS: Five years after the intervention, women in the intervention group reported greater improvements in the intake of fruit (M Δ = 90.2 g/week, p = 0.041) and less intake of saturated fat (OR = 0.30, 95{\%} CI: 0.17-0.54) than the control group. Men in the intervention group reported greater improvements in physical activity (M Δ = 19.6 min/week, p = 0.003) and less intake of saturated fat (OR = 0.31, 95{\%} CI: 0.17-0.56) than the control group. Improvements in the intake of vegetables and fish achieved during the intervention were not maintained in the longer-term.CONCLUSIONS: Screening and lifestyle counseling had sustained effects on physical activity and dietary habits five years after its discontinuation. The patterns of long-term changes in lifestyle differed across behaviors and between men and women.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT00289237 ).",
keywords = "Adult, Counseling, Denmark, Diet, Exercise, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Food Habits, Health Behavior, Health Promotion, Humans, Life Style, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Activity, Odds Ratio, Sex Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires, Time",
author = "Sophie Baumann and Ulla Toft and Mette Aadahl and Torben J{\o}rgensen and Charlotta Pisinger",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1186/s12966-015-0195-3",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity",
issn = "1479-5868",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The long-term effect of screening and lifestyle counseling on changes in physical activity and diet

T2 - the Inter99 Study - a randomized controlled trial

AU - Baumann, Sophie

AU - Toft, Ulla

AU - Aadahl, Mette

AU - Jørgensen, Torben

AU - Pisinger, Charlotta

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - BACKGROUND: Multi-factorial intervention studies have been found to be successful in the initiation of lifestyle changes. However, little is known about the longer-term maintenance of health behavior improvements. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether improvements in physical activity and dietary habits achieved in a population-based multi-factorial lifestyle intervention of five years duration were maintained five years after intervention activities have ended.METHODS: The study was a population-based randomized controlled trial, Inter99 (1999-2006), Copenhagen, Denmark. Over five years, all participants in the intervention group (n = 6,091) received individual lifestyle counseling; participants at high risk of ischemic heart disease - according to pre-specified criteria - were also offered group-based counseling. The control group (n = 3,324) was followed by questionnaires. Both groups were followed one, three, five, and ten years after baseline. Changes in physical activity and dietary habits (intake of vegetables, fruit, fish, and saturated fat) during and after the intervention were investigated using random-coefficient models.RESULTS: Five years after the intervention, women in the intervention group reported greater improvements in the intake of fruit (M Δ = 90.2 g/week, p = 0.041) and less intake of saturated fat (OR = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.17-0.54) than the control group. Men in the intervention group reported greater improvements in physical activity (M Δ = 19.6 min/week, p = 0.003) and less intake of saturated fat (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.17-0.56) than the control group. Improvements in the intake of vegetables and fish achieved during the intervention were not maintained in the longer-term.CONCLUSIONS: Screening and lifestyle counseling had sustained effects on physical activity and dietary habits five years after its discontinuation. The patterns of long-term changes in lifestyle differed across behaviors and between men and women.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT00289237 ).

AB - BACKGROUND: Multi-factorial intervention studies have been found to be successful in the initiation of lifestyle changes. However, little is known about the longer-term maintenance of health behavior improvements. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether improvements in physical activity and dietary habits achieved in a population-based multi-factorial lifestyle intervention of five years duration were maintained five years after intervention activities have ended.METHODS: The study was a population-based randomized controlled trial, Inter99 (1999-2006), Copenhagen, Denmark. Over five years, all participants in the intervention group (n = 6,091) received individual lifestyle counseling; participants at high risk of ischemic heart disease - according to pre-specified criteria - were also offered group-based counseling. The control group (n = 3,324) was followed by questionnaires. Both groups were followed one, three, five, and ten years after baseline. Changes in physical activity and dietary habits (intake of vegetables, fruit, fish, and saturated fat) during and after the intervention were investigated using random-coefficient models.RESULTS: Five years after the intervention, women in the intervention group reported greater improvements in the intake of fruit (M Δ = 90.2 g/week, p = 0.041) and less intake of saturated fat (OR = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.17-0.54) than the control group. Men in the intervention group reported greater improvements in physical activity (M Δ = 19.6 min/week, p = 0.003) and less intake of saturated fat (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.17-0.56) than the control group. Improvements in the intake of vegetables and fish achieved during the intervention were not maintained in the longer-term.CONCLUSIONS: Screening and lifestyle counseling had sustained effects on physical activity and dietary habits five years after its discontinuation. The patterns of long-term changes in lifestyle differed across behaviors and between men and women.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT00289237 ).

KW - Adult

KW - Counseling

KW - Denmark

KW - Diet

KW - Exercise

KW - Female

KW - Follow-Up Studies

KW - Food Habits

KW - Health Behavior

KW - Health Promotion

KW - Humans

KW - Life Style

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Motor Activity

KW - Odds Ratio

KW - Sex Factors

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Time

U2 - 10.1186/s12966-015-0195-3

DO - 10.1186/s12966-015-0195-3

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25886540

VL - 12

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity

JF - The international journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity

SN - 1479-5868

M1 - 33

ER -

ID: 159081106