Trajectories of family poverty and children's mental health: Results from the Danish National Birth Cohort

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Trajectories of family poverty and children's mental health : Results from the Danish National Birth Cohort. / Pryor, Laura; Strandberg-Larsen, Katrine; Nybo Andersen, Anne Marie; Hulvej Rod, Naja; Melchior, Maria.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 220, 2019, p. 371-378.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pryor, L, Strandberg-Larsen, K, Nybo Andersen, AM, Hulvej Rod, N & Melchior, M 2019, 'Trajectories of family poverty and children's mental health: Results from the Danish National Birth Cohort', Social Science and Medicine, vol. 220, pp. 371-378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.10.023

APA

Pryor, L., Strandberg-Larsen, K., Nybo Andersen, A. M., Hulvej Rod, N., & Melchior, M. (2019). Trajectories of family poverty and children's mental health: Results from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Social Science and Medicine, 220, 371-378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.10.023

Vancouver

Pryor L, Strandberg-Larsen K, Nybo Andersen AM, Hulvej Rod N, Melchior M. Trajectories of family poverty and children's mental health: Results from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Social Science and Medicine. 2019;220:371-378. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.10.023

Author

Pryor, Laura ; Strandberg-Larsen, Katrine ; Nybo Andersen, Anne Marie ; Hulvej Rod, Naja ; Melchior, Maria. / Trajectories of family poverty and children's mental health : Results from the Danish National Birth Cohort. In: Social Science and Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 220. pp. 371-378.

Bibtex

@article{6e7a04177ef44fe48c89980161713110,
title = "Trajectories of family poverty and children's mental health: Results from the Danish National Birth Cohort",
abstract = "Children exposed to socioeconomic adversity have elevated levels of psychological difficulties immediately and long-term. However, few studies have examined the consequences of long-term patterns of dynamic trajectories of family income. The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) is a longitudinal, population-based birth cohort study (1996–2002). Data on household poverty from the year before birth until the child was 10 years of age (n = 12 measures) were obtained from the National Danish Registries and modeled using semiparametric group-based modeling. Child mental health symptoms were measured at 11 years using mother and child-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires (n = 40 192), and the child-reported Stress in Childhood (SiC) scale (n = 46 284). Four categories of family socioeconomic position were identified: 1) No poverty (83.5{\%}); 2) Intermittent poverty, representing families who alternate between being above and below the poverty cut-off (8.6{\%}); 3) Poverty during the perinatal period (4.9{\%}); and 4) Chronic poverty (3.0{\%}). Controlling for several early life characteristics of the family, mother and child, intermittent poverty vs. no poverty was consistently associated with child psychological difficulties (any problem: RR = 1.38, 95{\%} CI: 1.16–1.64; conduct problems: RR = 1.38, 95{\%} CI: 1.16–1.64; and stress: RR = 1.07, 95{\%} CI: 1.02–1.12). An association was also found between perinatal poverty and children's symptoms of hyperactivity/inattention (RR = 1.28, 95{\%} CI = 1.03; 1.59). We found no associations between chronic poverty and any of the outcome measures when adjusting for early life risk factors. Children growing up in households characterized by financial instability have elevated levels of psychosocial symptoms, especially externalizing behaviors, as well as stress in early adolescence.",
keywords = "Child health and development, Denmark, Developmental trajectories, Health inequalities, Mental health, Poverty, Stress",
author = "Laura Pryor and Katrine Strandberg-Larsen and {Nybo Andersen}, {Anne Marie} and {Hulvej Rod}, Naja and Maria Melchior",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.10.023",
language = "English",
volume = "220",
pages = "371--378",
journal = "Social Science & Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Trajectories of family poverty and children's mental health

T2 - Results from the Danish National Birth Cohort

AU - Pryor, Laura

AU - Strandberg-Larsen, Katrine

AU - Nybo Andersen, Anne Marie

AU - Hulvej Rod, Naja

AU - Melchior, Maria

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Children exposed to socioeconomic adversity have elevated levels of psychological difficulties immediately and long-term. However, few studies have examined the consequences of long-term patterns of dynamic trajectories of family income. The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) is a longitudinal, population-based birth cohort study (1996–2002). Data on household poverty from the year before birth until the child was 10 years of age (n = 12 measures) were obtained from the National Danish Registries and modeled using semiparametric group-based modeling. Child mental health symptoms were measured at 11 years using mother and child-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires (n = 40 192), and the child-reported Stress in Childhood (SiC) scale (n = 46 284). Four categories of family socioeconomic position were identified: 1) No poverty (83.5%); 2) Intermittent poverty, representing families who alternate between being above and below the poverty cut-off (8.6%); 3) Poverty during the perinatal period (4.9%); and 4) Chronic poverty (3.0%). Controlling for several early life characteristics of the family, mother and child, intermittent poverty vs. no poverty was consistently associated with child psychological difficulties (any problem: RR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.16–1.64; conduct problems: RR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.16–1.64; and stress: RR = 1.07, 95% CI: 1.02–1.12). An association was also found between perinatal poverty and children's symptoms of hyperactivity/inattention (RR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.03; 1.59). We found no associations between chronic poverty and any of the outcome measures when adjusting for early life risk factors. Children growing up in households characterized by financial instability have elevated levels of psychosocial symptoms, especially externalizing behaviors, as well as stress in early adolescence.

AB - Children exposed to socioeconomic adversity have elevated levels of psychological difficulties immediately and long-term. However, few studies have examined the consequences of long-term patterns of dynamic trajectories of family income. The Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) is a longitudinal, population-based birth cohort study (1996–2002). Data on household poverty from the year before birth until the child was 10 years of age (n = 12 measures) were obtained from the National Danish Registries and modeled using semiparametric group-based modeling. Child mental health symptoms were measured at 11 years using mother and child-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires (n = 40 192), and the child-reported Stress in Childhood (SiC) scale (n = 46 284). Four categories of family socioeconomic position were identified: 1) No poverty (83.5%); 2) Intermittent poverty, representing families who alternate between being above and below the poverty cut-off (8.6%); 3) Poverty during the perinatal period (4.9%); and 4) Chronic poverty (3.0%). Controlling for several early life characteristics of the family, mother and child, intermittent poverty vs. no poverty was consistently associated with child psychological difficulties (any problem: RR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.16–1.64; conduct problems: RR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.16–1.64; and stress: RR = 1.07, 95% CI: 1.02–1.12). An association was also found between perinatal poverty and children's symptoms of hyperactivity/inattention (RR = 1.28, 95% CI = 1.03; 1.59). We found no associations between chronic poverty and any of the outcome measures when adjusting for early life risk factors. Children growing up in households characterized by financial instability have elevated levels of psychosocial symptoms, especially externalizing behaviors, as well as stress in early adolescence.

KW - Child health and development

KW - Denmark

KW - Developmental trajectories

KW - Health inequalities

KW - Mental health

KW - Poverty

KW - Stress

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.10.023

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.10.023

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30513487

AN - SCOPUS:85057452786

VL - 220

SP - 371

EP - 378

JO - Social Science & Medicine

JF - Social Science & Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

ER -

ID: 212905849