Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli between cattle, humans and the environment in peri-urban livestock keeping communities in Morogoro, Tanzania

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Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli between cattle, humans and the environment in peri-urban livestock keeping communities in Morogoro, Tanzania. / Lupindu, Athumani M; Dalsgaard, Anders; Msoffe, Peter L. M.; Ngowi, Helena A.; Mtambo, Madundo M.; Olsen, John Elmerdahl.

In: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 118, No. 4, 2015, p. 477-482.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Lupindu, AM, Dalsgaard, A, Msoffe, PLM, Ngowi, HA, Mtambo, MM & Olsen, JE 2015, 'Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli between cattle, humans and the environment in peri-urban livestock keeping communities in Morogoro, Tanzania', Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol. 118, no. 4, pp. 477-482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.12.005

APA

Lupindu, A. M., Dalsgaard, A., Msoffe, P. L. M., Ngowi, H. A., Mtambo, M. M., & Olsen, J. E. (2015). Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli between cattle, humans and the environment in peri-urban livestock keeping communities in Morogoro, Tanzania. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 118(4), 477-482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.12.005

Vancouver

Lupindu AM, Dalsgaard A, Msoffe PLM, Ngowi HA, Mtambo MM, Olsen JE. Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli between cattle, humans and the environment in peri-urban livestock keeping communities in Morogoro, Tanzania. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 2015;118(4):477-482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.12.005

Author

Lupindu, Athumani M ; Dalsgaard, Anders ; Msoffe, Peter L. M. ; Ngowi, Helena A. ; Mtambo, Madundo M. ; Olsen, John Elmerdahl. / Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli between cattle, humans and the environment in peri-urban livestock keeping communities in Morogoro, Tanzania. In: Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 2015 ; Vol. 118, No. 4. pp. 477-482.

Bibtex

@article{938cbc1c36d44735bede32a26f3c63bd,
title = "Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli between cattle, humans and the environment in peri-urban livestock keeping communities in Morogoro, Tanzania",
abstract = "Urban and peri-urban livestock farming is expanding world-widely because of increased urbanization and demands for food of animal origin. Such farming practices pose a public health risk as livestock are reservoirs of several zoonotic pathogens. In an attempt to determine the fecal transmission between livestock and people, 100 household clusters keeping cattle in close proximity of humans were selected in urban and peri-urban areas of Morogoro in Tanzania. One hundred eighteen ampicillin and tetracycline resistant Escherichia coli (40 from human stool, 50 from cattle feces, 21 from soil and seven from water samples) were isolated from 44 different clusters. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of XbaI digested chromosomal DNA was used to compare the genetic relatedness of the ampicillin- and tetracycline-resistant E. coli isolates. Indistinguishable PFGE band patterns of the ampicillin- and tetracycline-resistant E. coli isolates were found in samples from 23 (52{\%}) clusters. This suggests that transfer of fecal microorganisms between cattle, humans, water and soils within the farms and from livestock farms to the neighborhood occurred commonly. Logistic regression showed that animal housing infrastructures (Odd Ratio=11.2, 95{\%} CI=1.1-119.3) were associated with E. coli showing identical PFGE types within and between clusters. There is a need to improve animal husbandry and manure management practices to reduce risks of transmission of enteropathogens between livestock and humans in urban and peri-urban farming.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, E. coli, Genetic relatedness, PFGE , Urban livestock farming",
author = "Lupindu, {Athumani M} and Anders Dalsgaard and Msoffe, {Peter L. M.} and Ngowi, {Helena A.} and Mtambo, {Madundo M.} and Olsen, {John Elmerdahl}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.12.005",
language = "English",
volume = "118",
pages = "477--482",
journal = "Preventive Veterinary Medicine",
issn = "0167-5877",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transmission of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli between cattle, humans and the environment in peri-urban livestock keeping communities in Morogoro, Tanzania

AU - Lupindu, Athumani M

AU - Dalsgaard, Anders

AU - Msoffe, Peter L. M.

AU - Ngowi, Helena A.

AU - Mtambo, Madundo M.

AU - Olsen, John Elmerdahl

N1 - Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Urban and peri-urban livestock farming is expanding world-widely because of increased urbanization and demands for food of animal origin. Such farming practices pose a public health risk as livestock are reservoirs of several zoonotic pathogens. In an attempt to determine the fecal transmission between livestock and people, 100 household clusters keeping cattle in close proximity of humans were selected in urban and peri-urban areas of Morogoro in Tanzania. One hundred eighteen ampicillin and tetracycline resistant Escherichia coli (40 from human stool, 50 from cattle feces, 21 from soil and seven from water samples) were isolated from 44 different clusters. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of XbaI digested chromosomal DNA was used to compare the genetic relatedness of the ampicillin- and tetracycline-resistant E. coli isolates. Indistinguishable PFGE band patterns of the ampicillin- and tetracycline-resistant E. coli isolates were found in samples from 23 (52%) clusters. This suggests that transfer of fecal microorganisms between cattle, humans, water and soils within the farms and from livestock farms to the neighborhood occurred commonly. Logistic regression showed that animal housing infrastructures (Odd Ratio=11.2, 95% CI=1.1-119.3) were associated with E. coli showing identical PFGE types within and between clusters. There is a need to improve animal husbandry and manure management practices to reduce risks of transmission of enteropathogens between livestock and humans in urban and peri-urban farming.

AB - Urban and peri-urban livestock farming is expanding world-widely because of increased urbanization and demands for food of animal origin. Such farming practices pose a public health risk as livestock are reservoirs of several zoonotic pathogens. In an attempt to determine the fecal transmission between livestock and people, 100 household clusters keeping cattle in close proximity of humans were selected in urban and peri-urban areas of Morogoro in Tanzania. One hundred eighteen ampicillin and tetracycline resistant Escherichia coli (40 from human stool, 50 from cattle feces, 21 from soil and seven from water samples) were isolated from 44 different clusters. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of XbaI digested chromosomal DNA was used to compare the genetic relatedness of the ampicillin- and tetracycline-resistant E. coli isolates. Indistinguishable PFGE band patterns of the ampicillin- and tetracycline-resistant E. coli isolates were found in samples from 23 (52%) clusters. This suggests that transfer of fecal microorganisms between cattle, humans, water and soils within the farms and from livestock farms to the neighborhood occurred commonly. Logistic regression showed that animal housing infrastructures (Odd Ratio=11.2, 95% CI=1.1-119.3) were associated with E. coli showing identical PFGE types within and between clusters. There is a need to improve animal husbandry and manure management practices to reduce risks of transmission of enteropathogens between livestock and humans in urban and peri-urban farming.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - E. coli

KW - Genetic relatedness

KW - PFGE

KW - Urban livestock farming

U2 - 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.12.005

DO - 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.12.005

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25555902

VL - 118

SP - 477

EP - 482

JO - Preventive Veterinary Medicine

JF - Preventive Veterinary Medicine

SN - 0167-5877

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 132893371