Dengue outbreak investigations in a high-income urban setting, Kaohsiung City in Taiwan, 2003-2009

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Kaohsiung City, a modern metropolis of 1.5 million persons, has been the focus of dengue virus activity in Taiwan for several decades. The aim of this study was to provide a temporal and spatial description of dengue virus epidemiology in Kaohsiung City by using data for all laboratory-confirmed dengue cases during 2003-2009. We investigated age- and sex-dependent incidence rates and the spatiotemporal patterns of all cases confirmed through passive or active surveillance. Elderly persons were at particularly high risk for dengue virus-related sickness and death. Of all confirmed cases, ˜75% were detected through passive surveillance activities; case-patients detected through active surveillance included immediate family members, neighbors, and colleagues of confirmed case-patients. Changing patterns of case clustering could be due to the effect of unmeasured environmental and demographic factors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases (Print Edition)
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1603-1611
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ID: 38391754