A study of antibiotic prescribing: the experience of Lithuanian and Russian GPs: The experience of Lithuanian and Russian GPs

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L. Jaruseviciene, R. Radzeviciene-Jurgute, A. Jurgutis, J.V. Lazarus, I. Ovhed, E.L. Strandberg, L. Bjerrum

Background. Globally, general practitioners (GPs) write more than 90% of all antibiotic prescriptions. This study examines the
experiences of Lithuanian and Russian GPs in antibiotic prescription for upper respiratory tract infections, including their perceptions
of when it is not indicated clinically or pharmacologically. Methods. 22 Lithuanian and 29 Russian GPs participated in five focus group
discussions. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. Results. We identified four main thematic categories: patients’ faith in
antibiotics as medication for upper respiratory tract infections; patient potential to influence a GP’s decision to prescribe antibiotics
for upper respiratory tract infections; impediments perceived by GPs in advocating clinically grounded antibiotic prescribing with their
patients, and strategies applied in physician-patient negotiation about antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infections.
Conclusions. Understanding the nature of physician-patient interaction is critical to the effective pursuit of clinically grounded antibiotic
use as this study undertaken in Lithuania and the Russian Federation has shown. Both physicians and patients must be targeted to
ensure correct antibiotic use. Further, GPs should be supported in enhancing their communication skills about antibiotic use with their
patients and encouraged to implement a shared decision-making model in their practices.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCentral European Journal of Medicine
Volume7
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)790-799
Number of pages9
ISSN1895-1058
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

ID: 42023652