Clinical accuracy of point-of-care urine culture in general practice

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Clinical accuracy of point-of-care urine culture in general practice. / Holm, Anne; Cordoba, Gloria; Sørensen, Tina Møller; Jessen, Lisbeth Rem; Frimodt-Møller, Niels; Siersma, Volkert; Bjerrum, Lars.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, Vol. 35, No. 2, 06.2017, p. 170-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Holm, A, Cordoba, G, Sørensen, TM, Jessen, LR, Frimodt-Møller, N, Siersma, V & Bjerrum, L 2017, 'Clinical accuracy of point-of-care urine culture in general practice', Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 170-177. https://doi.org/10.1080/02813432.2017.1333304

APA

Holm, A., Cordoba, G., Sørensen, T. M., Jessen, L. R., Frimodt-Møller, N., Siersma, V., & Bjerrum, L. (2017). Clinical accuracy of point-of-care urine culture in general practice. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 35(2), 170-177. https://doi.org/10.1080/02813432.2017.1333304

Vancouver

Holm A, Cordoba G, Sørensen TM, Jessen LR, Frimodt-Møller N, Siersma V et al. Clinical accuracy of point-of-care urine culture in general practice. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. 2017 Jun;35(2):170-177. https://doi.org/10.1080/02813432.2017.1333304

Author

Holm, Anne ; Cordoba, Gloria ; Sørensen, Tina Møller ; Jessen, Lisbeth Rem ; Frimodt-Møller, Niels ; Siersma, Volkert ; Bjerrum, Lars. / Clinical accuracy of point-of-care urine culture in general practice. In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. 2017 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 170-177.

Bibtex

@article{e3941375042347fd8d5847545643097f,
title = "Clinical accuracy of point-of-care urine culture in general practice",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical accuracy (sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive predictive value and negative predictive value) of two point-of-care (POC) urine culture tests for the identification of urinary tract infection (UTI) in general practice.DESIGN: Prospective diagnostic accuracy study comparing two index tests (Flexicult™ SSI-Urinary Kit or ID Flexicult™) with a reference standard (urine culture performed in the microbiological department).SETTING: General practice in the Copenhagen area patients. Adult female patients consulting their general practitioner with suspected uncomplicated, symptomatic UTI.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Overall accuracy of POC urine culture in general practice. (2) Individual accuracy of each of the two POC tests in this study. (3) Accuracy of POC urine culture in general practice with enterococci excluded, since enterococci are known to multiply in boric acid used for transportation for the reference standard. (4) Accuracy based on expert reading of photographs of POC urine cultures performed in general practice. Standard culture performed in the microbiological department was used as reference standard for all four measures.RESULTS: Twenty general practices recruited 341 patients with suspected uncomplicated UTI. The overall agreement between index test and reference was 0.76 (CI: 0.71-0.80), SEN 0.88 (CI: 0.83-0.92) and SPE 0.55 (CI: 0.46-0.64). The two POC tests produced similar results individually. Overall agreement with enterococci excluded was 0.82 (0.77-0.86) and agreement between expert readings of photographs and reference results was 0.81 (CI: 0.76-0.85).CONCLUSIONS: POC culture used in general practice has high SEN but low SPE. Low SPE could be due to both misinterpretation in general practice and an imperfect reference standard. Registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02323087.",
author = "Anne Holm and Gloria Cordoba and S{\o}rensen, {Tina M{\o}ller} and Jessen, {Lisbeth Rem} and Niels Frimodt-M{\o}ller and Volkert Siersma and Lars Bjerrum",
year = "2017",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1080/02813432.2017.1333304",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "170--177",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care",
issn = "0281-3432",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinical accuracy of point-of-care urine culture in general practice

AU - Holm, Anne

AU - Cordoba, Gloria

AU - Sørensen, Tina Møller

AU - Jessen, Lisbeth Rem

AU - Frimodt-Møller, Niels

AU - Siersma, Volkert

AU - Bjerrum, Lars

PY - 2017/6

Y1 - 2017/6

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical accuracy (sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive predictive value and negative predictive value) of two point-of-care (POC) urine culture tests for the identification of urinary tract infection (UTI) in general practice.DESIGN: Prospective diagnostic accuracy study comparing two index tests (Flexicult™ SSI-Urinary Kit or ID Flexicult™) with a reference standard (urine culture performed in the microbiological department).SETTING: General practice in the Copenhagen area patients. Adult female patients consulting their general practitioner with suspected uncomplicated, symptomatic UTI.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Overall accuracy of POC urine culture in general practice. (2) Individual accuracy of each of the two POC tests in this study. (3) Accuracy of POC urine culture in general practice with enterococci excluded, since enterococci are known to multiply in boric acid used for transportation for the reference standard. (4) Accuracy based on expert reading of photographs of POC urine cultures performed in general practice. Standard culture performed in the microbiological department was used as reference standard for all four measures.RESULTS: Twenty general practices recruited 341 patients with suspected uncomplicated UTI. The overall agreement between index test and reference was 0.76 (CI: 0.71-0.80), SEN 0.88 (CI: 0.83-0.92) and SPE 0.55 (CI: 0.46-0.64). The two POC tests produced similar results individually. Overall agreement with enterococci excluded was 0.82 (0.77-0.86) and agreement between expert readings of photographs and reference results was 0.81 (CI: 0.76-0.85).CONCLUSIONS: POC culture used in general practice has high SEN but low SPE. Low SPE could be due to both misinterpretation in general practice and an imperfect reference standard. Registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02323087.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical accuracy (sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive predictive value and negative predictive value) of two point-of-care (POC) urine culture tests for the identification of urinary tract infection (UTI) in general practice.DESIGN: Prospective diagnostic accuracy study comparing two index tests (Flexicult™ SSI-Urinary Kit or ID Flexicult™) with a reference standard (urine culture performed in the microbiological department).SETTING: General practice in the Copenhagen area patients. Adult female patients consulting their general practitioner with suspected uncomplicated, symptomatic UTI.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: (1) Overall accuracy of POC urine culture in general practice. (2) Individual accuracy of each of the two POC tests in this study. (3) Accuracy of POC urine culture in general practice with enterococci excluded, since enterococci are known to multiply in boric acid used for transportation for the reference standard. (4) Accuracy based on expert reading of photographs of POC urine cultures performed in general practice. Standard culture performed in the microbiological department was used as reference standard for all four measures.RESULTS: Twenty general practices recruited 341 patients with suspected uncomplicated UTI. The overall agreement between index test and reference was 0.76 (CI: 0.71-0.80), SEN 0.88 (CI: 0.83-0.92) and SPE 0.55 (CI: 0.46-0.64). The two POC tests produced similar results individually. Overall agreement with enterococci excluded was 0.82 (0.77-0.86) and agreement between expert readings of photographs and reference results was 0.81 (CI: 0.76-0.85).CONCLUSIONS: POC culture used in general practice has high SEN but low SPE. Low SPE could be due to both misinterpretation in general practice and an imperfect reference standard. Registration number: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02323087.

U2 - 10.1080/02813432.2017.1333304

DO - 10.1080/02813432.2017.1333304

M3 - Journal article

VL - 35

SP - 170

EP - 177

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care

SN - 0281-3432

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 181021826