Early-life exposure to outdoor air pollution and respiratory health, ear infections, and eczema in infants from the INMA study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Early-life exposure to outdoor air pollution and respiratory health, ear infections, and eczema in infants from the INMA study. / Aguilera, Inmaculada; Pedersen, Marie; Garcia-Esteban, Raquel; Ballester, Ferran; Basterrechea, Mikel; Esplugues, Ana; Fernández-Somoano, Ana; Lertxundi, Aitana; Tardón, Adonina; Sunyer, Jordi.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 121, No. 3, 01.03.2013, p. 387-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Aguilera, I, Pedersen, M, Garcia-Esteban, R, Ballester, F, Basterrechea, M, Esplugues, A, Fernández-Somoano, A, Lertxundi, A, Tardón, A & Sunyer, J 2013, 'Early-life exposure to outdoor air pollution and respiratory health, ear infections, and eczema in infants from the INMA study', Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 387-92. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205281

APA

Aguilera, I., Pedersen, M., Garcia-Esteban, R., Ballester, F., Basterrechea, M., Esplugues, A., ... Sunyer, J. (2013). Early-life exposure to outdoor air pollution and respiratory health, ear infections, and eczema in infants from the INMA study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 121(3), 387-92. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205281

Vancouver

Aguilera I, Pedersen M, Garcia-Esteban R, Ballester F, Basterrechea M, Esplugues A et al. Early-life exposure to outdoor air pollution and respiratory health, ear infections, and eczema in infants from the INMA study. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2013 Mar 1;121(3):387-92. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205281

Author

Aguilera, Inmaculada ; Pedersen, Marie ; Garcia-Esteban, Raquel ; Ballester, Ferran ; Basterrechea, Mikel ; Esplugues, Ana ; Fernández-Somoano, Ana ; Lertxundi, Aitana ; Tardón, Adonina ; Sunyer, Jordi. / Early-life exposure to outdoor air pollution and respiratory health, ear infections, and eczema in infants from the INMA study. In: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2013 ; Vol. 121, No. 3. pp. 387-92.

Bibtex

@article{af1ad84c2a2a47479346d743a8aee129,
title = "Early-life exposure to outdoor air pollution and respiratory health, ear infections, and eczema in infants from the INMA study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Prenatal and early-life periods may be critical windows for harmful effects of air pollution on infant health.OBJECTIVES: We studied the association of air pollution exposure during pregnancy and the first year of life with respiratory illnesses, ear infections, and eczema during the first 12-18 months of age in a Spanish birth cohort of 2,199 infants.METHODS: We obtained parentally reported information on doctor-diagnosed lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and parental reports of wheezing, eczema, and ear infections. We estimated individual exposures to nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) and benzene with temporally adjusted land use regression models. We used log-binomial regression models and a combined random-effects meta-analysis to estimate the effects of air pollution exposure on health outcomes across the four study locations.RESULTS: A 10-µg/m(3) increase in average NO(2) during pregnancy was associated with LRTI [relative risk (RR) = 1.05; 95{\%} CI: 0.98, 1.12] and ear infections (RR = 1.18; 95{\%} CI: 0.98, 1.41). The RRs for an interquartile range (IQR) increase in NO(2) were 1.08 (95{\%} CI: 0.97, 1.21) for LRTI and 1.31 (95{\%} CI: 0.97, 1.76) for ear infections. Compared with NO(2), the association for an IQR increase in average benzene exposure was similar for LRTI (RR = 1.06; 95{\%} CI: 0.94, 1.19) and slightly lower for ear infections (RR = 1.17; 95{\%} CI: 0.93, 1.46). Associations were slightly stronger among infants whose mothers spent more time at home during pregnancy. Air pollution exposure during the first year was highly correlated with prenatal exposure, so we were unable to discern the relative importance of each exposure period.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the hypothesis that early-life exposure to ambient air pollution may increase the risk of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in infants.",
keywords = "Air Pollution, Eczema, Environmental Exposure, Female, Humans, Infant, Male, Otitis, Pregnancy, Respiratory System",
author = "Inmaculada Aguilera and Marie Pedersen and Raquel Garcia-Esteban and Ferran Ballester and Mikel Basterrechea and Ana Esplugues and Ana Fern{\'a}ndez-Somoano and Aitana Lertxundi and Adonina Tard{\'o}n and Jordi Sunyer",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1289/ehp.1205281",
language = "English",
volume = "121",
pages = "387--92",
journal = "Environmental Health Perspectives",
issn = "0091-6765",
publisher = "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early-life exposure to outdoor air pollution and respiratory health, ear infections, and eczema in infants from the INMA study

AU - Aguilera, Inmaculada

AU - Pedersen, Marie

AU - Garcia-Esteban, Raquel

AU - Ballester, Ferran

AU - Basterrechea, Mikel

AU - Esplugues, Ana

AU - Fernández-Somoano, Ana

AU - Lertxundi, Aitana

AU - Tardón, Adonina

AU - Sunyer, Jordi

PY - 2013/3/1

Y1 - 2013/3/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Prenatal and early-life periods may be critical windows for harmful effects of air pollution on infant health.OBJECTIVES: We studied the association of air pollution exposure during pregnancy and the first year of life with respiratory illnesses, ear infections, and eczema during the first 12-18 months of age in a Spanish birth cohort of 2,199 infants.METHODS: We obtained parentally reported information on doctor-diagnosed lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and parental reports of wheezing, eczema, and ear infections. We estimated individual exposures to nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) and benzene with temporally adjusted land use regression models. We used log-binomial regression models and a combined random-effects meta-analysis to estimate the effects of air pollution exposure on health outcomes across the four study locations.RESULTS: A 10-µg/m(3) increase in average NO(2) during pregnancy was associated with LRTI [relative risk (RR) = 1.05; 95% CI: 0.98, 1.12] and ear infections (RR = 1.18; 95% CI: 0.98, 1.41). The RRs for an interquartile range (IQR) increase in NO(2) were 1.08 (95% CI: 0.97, 1.21) for LRTI and 1.31 (95% CI: 0.97, 1.76) for ear infections. Compared with NO(2), the association for an IQR increase in average benzene exposure was similar for LRTI (RR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.94, 1.19) and slightly lower for ear infections (RR = 1.17; 95% CI: 0.93, 1.46). Associations were slightly stronger among infants whose mothers spent more time at home during pregnancy. Air pollution exposure during the first year was highly correlated with prenatal exposure, so we were unable to discern the relative importance of each exposure period.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the hypothesis that early-life exposure to ambient air pollution may increase the risk of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in infants.

AB - BACKGROUND: Prenatal and early-life periods may be critical windows for harmful effects of air pollution on infant health.OBJECTIVES: We studied the association of air pollution exposure during pregnancy and the first year of life with respiratory illnesses, ear infections, and eczema during the first 12-18 months of age in a Spanish birth cohort of 2,199 infants.METHODS: We obtained parentally reported information on doctor-diagnosed lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and parental reports of wheezing, eczema, and ear infections. We estimated individual exposures to nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) and benzene with temporally adjusted land use regression models. We used log-binomial regression models and a combined random-effects meta-analysis to estimate the effects of air pollution exposure on health outcomes across the four study locations.RESULTS: A 10-µg/m(3) increase in average NO(2) during pregnancy was associated with LRTI [relative risk (RR) = 1.05; 95% CI: 0.98, 1.12] and ear infections (RR = 1.18; 95% CI: 0.98, 1.41). The RRs for an interquartile range (IQR) increase in NO(2) were 1.08 (95% CI: 0.97, 1.21) for LRTI and 1.31 (95% CI: 0.97, 1.76) for ear infections. Compared with NO(2), the association for an IQR increase in average benzene exposure was similar for LRTI (RR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.94, 1.19) and slightly lower for ear infections (RR = 1.17; 95% CI: 0.93, 1.46). Associations were slightly stronger among infants whose mothers spent more time at home during pregnancy. Air pollution exposure during the first year was highly correlated with prenatal exposure, so we were unable to discern the relative importance of each exposure period.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the hypothesis that early-life exposure to ambient air pollution may increase the risk of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in infants.

KW - Air Pollution

KW - Eczema

KW - Environmental Exposure

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Infant

KW - Male

KW - Otitis

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Respiratory System

U2 - 10.1289/ehp.1205281

DO - 10.1289/ehp.1205281

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 23221880

VL - 121

SP - 387

EP - 392

JO - Environmental Health Perspectives

JF - Environmental Health Perspectives

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 143933470