Genetic versus Non-Genetic Regulation of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p Expression in Adipose Tissue and Their Metabolic Implications-A Twin Study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Genetic versus Non-Genetic Regulation of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p Expression in Adipose Tissue and Their Metabolic Implications-A Twin Study. / Bork-Jensen, Jette; Thuesen, Anne Cathrine Baun; Bang-Bertelsen, Claus Heiner; Grunnet, Louise Groth; Pociot, Flemming; Beck-Nielsen, Henning; Ozanne, Susan E; Poulsen, Pernille; Vaag, Allan.

In: Genes, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2014, p. 508-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bork-Jensen, J, Thuesen, ACB, Bang-Bertelsen, CH, Grunnet, LG, Pociot, F, Beck-Nielsen, H, Ozanne, SE, Poulsen, P & Vaag, A 2014, 'Genetic versus Non-Genetic Regulation of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p Expression in Adipose Tissue and Their Metabolic Implications-A Twin Study', Genes, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 508-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes5030508

APA

Bork-Jensen, J., Thuesen, A. C. B., Bang-Bertelsen, C. H., Grunnet, L. G., Pociot, F., Beck-Nielsen, H., ... Vaag, A. (2014). Genetic versus Non-Genetic Regulation of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p Expression in Adipose Tissue and Their Metabolic Implications-A Twin Study. Genes, 5(3), 508-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes5030508

Vancouver

Bork-Jensen J, Thuesen ACB, Bang-Bertelsen CH, Grunnet LG, Pociot F, Beck-Nielsen H et al. Genetic versus Non-Genetic Regulation of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p Expression in Adipose Tissue and Their Metabolic Implications-A Twin Study. Genes. 2014;5(3):508-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes5030508

Author

Bork-Jensen, Jette ; Thuesen, Anne Cathrine Baun ; Bang-Bertelsen, Claus Heiner ; Grunnet, Louise Groth ; Pociot, Flemming ; Beck-Nielsen, Henning ; Ozanne, Susan E ; Poulsen, Pernille ; Vaag, Allan. / Genetic versus Non-Genetic Regulation of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p Expression in Adipose Tissue and Their Metabolic Implications-A Twin Study. In: Genes. 2014 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 508-17.

Bibtex

@article{e6a928c95606473998debb26c2db57b3,
title = "Genetic versus Non-Genetic Regulation of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p Expression in Adipose Tissue and Their Metabolic Implications-A Twin Study",
abstract = "Murine models suggest that the microRNAs miR-103 and miR-143 may play central roles in the regulation of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The microRNA miR-483-3p may reduce adipose tissue expandability and cause ectopic lipid accumulation, insulin resistance and T2D. We aimed to explore the genetic and non-genetic factors that regulate these microRNAs in human SAT, and to investigate their impact on metabolism in humans. Levels of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p were measured in SAT biopsies from 244 elderly monozygotic and dizygotic twins using real-time PCR. Heritability estimates were calculated and multiple regression analyses were performed to study associations between these microRNAs and measures of metabolism, as well as between these microRNAs and possible regulating factors. We found that increased BMI was associated with increased miR-103 expression levels. In addition, the miR-103 levels were positively associated with 2 h plasma glucose levels and hemoglobin A1c independently of BMI. Heritability estimates for all three microRNAs were low. In conclusion, the expression levels of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p in adipose tissue are primarily influenced by non-genetic factors, and miR-103 may be involved in the development of adiposity and control of glucose metabolism in humans.",
author = "Jette Bork-Jensen and Thuesen, {Anne Cathrine Baun} and Bang-Bertelsen, {Claus Heiner} and Grunnet, {Louise Groth} and Flemming Pociot and Henning Beck-Nielsen and Ozanne, {Susan E} and Pernille Poulsen and Allan Vaag",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.3390/genes5030508",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "508--17",
journal = "Genes",
issn = "2073-4425",
publisher = "M D P I AG",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic versus Non-Genetic Regulation of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p Expression in Adipose Tissue and Their Metabolic Implications-A Twin Study

AU - Bork-Jensen, Jette

AU - Thuesen, Anne Cathrine Baun

AU - Bang-Bertelsen, Claus Heiner

AU - Grunnet, Louise Groth

AU - Pociot, Flemming

AU - Beck-Nielsen, Henning

AU - Ozanne, Susan E

AU - Poulsen, Pernille

AU - Vaag, Allan

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Murine models suggest that the microRNAs miR-103 and miR-143 may play central roles in the regulation of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The microRNA miR-483-3p may reduce adipose tissue expandability and cause ectopic lipid accumulation, insulin resistance and T2D. We aimed to explore the genetic and non-genetic factors that regulate these microRNAs in human SAT, and to investigate their impact on metabolism in humans. Levels of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p were measured in SAT biopsies from 244 elderly monozygotic and dizygotic twins using real-time PCR. Heritability estimates were calculated and multiple regression analyses were performed to study associations between these microRNAs and measures of metabolism, as well as between these microRNAs and possible regulating factors. We found that increased BMI was associated with increased miR-103 expression levels. In addition, the miR-103 levels were positively associated with 2 h plasma glucose levels and hemoglobin A1c independently of BMI. Heritability estimates for all three microRNAs were low. In conclusion, the expression levels of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p in adipose tissue are primarily influenced by non-genetic factors, and miR-103 may be involved in the development of adiposity and control of glucose metabolism in humans.

AB - Murine models suggest that the microRNAs miR-103 and miR-143 may play central roles in the regulation of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The microRNA miR-483-3p may reduce adipose tissue expandability and cause ectopic lipid accumulation, insulin resistance and T2D. We aimed to explore the genetic and non-genetic factors that regulate these microRNAs in human SAT, and to investigate their impact on metabolism in humans. Levels of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p were measured in SAT biopsies from 244 elderly monozygotic and dizygotic twins using real-time PCR. Heritability estimates were calculated and multiple regression analyses were performed to study associations between these microRNAs and measures of metabolism, as well as between these microRNAs and possible regulating factors. We found that increased BMI was associated with increased miR-103 expression levels. In addition, the miR-103 levels were positively associated with 2 h plasma glucose levels and hemoglobin A1c independently of BMI. Heritability estimates for all three microRNAs were low. In conclusion, the expression levels of miR-103, miR-143 and miR-483-3p in adipose tissue are primarily influenced by non-genetic factors, and miR-103 may be involved in the development of adiposity and control of glucose metabolism in humans.

U2 - 10.3390/genes5030508

DO - 10.3390/genes5030508

M3 - Journal article

VL - 5

SP - 508

EP - 517

JO - Genes

JF - Genes

SN - 2073-4425

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 118657970