IARC Monographs: 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearchpeer-review

Standard

IARC Monographs : 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans. / Pearce, Neil E; Blair, Aaron; Vineis, Paolo; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Andersen, Aage; Anto, Josep M; Armstrong, Bruce K; Baccarelli, Andrea A; Beland, Frederick A; Berrington, Amy; Bertazzi, Pier A; Birnbaum, Linda S; Brownson, Ross C; Bucher, John R; Cantor, Kenneth P; Cardis, Elisabeth; Cherrie, John W; Christiani, David C; Cocco, Pierluigi; Coggon, David; Comba, Pietro; Demers, Paul A; Dement, John M; Douwes, Jeroen; Eisen, Ellen A; Engel, Lawrence S; Fenske, Richard A; Fleming, Lora E; Fletcher, Tony; Fontham, Elizabeth; Forastiere, Francesco; Frentzel-Beyme, Rainer; Fritschi, Lin; Gerin, Michel; Goldberg, Marcel; Grandjean, Philippe; Grimsrud, Tom K; Gustavsson, Per; Haines, Andy; Hartge, Patricia; Hansen, Johnni; Hauptmann, Michael; Heederik, Dick; Hemminki, Kari; Hemon, Denis; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Hoppin, Jane A; Huff, James; Jarvholm, Bengt; Kang, Daehee; Karagas, Margaret R; Kjaerheim, Kristina; Kjuus, Helge; Kogevinas, Manolis; Kriebel, David; Kristensen, Petter; Kromhout, Hans; Laden, Francine; Lebailly, Pierre; LeMasters, Grace; Lubin, Jay H; Lynch, Charles F; Lynge, Elsebeth; 't Mannetje, Andrea; McMichael, Anthony J; McLaughlin, John R; Marrett, Loraine; Martuzzi, Marco; Merchant, James A; Merler, Enzo; Merletti, Franco; Miller, Anthony; Mirer, Franklin E; Monson, Richard; Nordby, Karl-Kristian; Olshan, Andrew F; Parent, Marie-Elise; Perera, Frederica P; Perry, Melissa J; Pesatori, Angela C; Pirastu, Roberta; Porta, Miquel; Pukkala, Eero; Rice, Carol; Richardson, David B; Ritter, Leonard; Ritz, Beate; Ronckers, Cecile M; Rushton, Lesley; Rusiecki, Jennifer A; Rusyn, Ivan; Samet, Jonathan M; Sandler, Dale P; de Sanjose, Silvia; Schernhammer, Eva; Seniori Constantini, Adele; Seixas, Noah; Shy, Carl; Siemiatycki, Jack; Silvermann, Debra T; Simonato, Lorenzo; Smith, Allan H; Smith, Martyn T; Spinelli, John J; Spitz, Margaret R; Stallones, Lorann; Stayner, Leslie T; Steenland, Kyle; Stenzel, Mark; Stewart, Bernard W; Stewart, Patricia A; Symanski, Elaine; Terracini, Benedetto; Tolbert, Paige E; Vainio, Harri; Vena, John; Vermeulen, Roel; Victora, Cesar G; Ward, Elizabeth M; Weinberg, Clarice R; Weisenburger, Dennis; Wesseling, Catharina; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Zahm, Shelia H.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 123, No. 6, 06.2015, p. 507-514.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debateResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pearce, NE, Blair, A, Vineis, P, Ahrens, W, Andersen, A, Anto, JM, Armstrong, BK, Baccarelli, AA, Beland, FA, Berrington, A, Bertazzi, PA, Birnbaum, LS, Brownson, RC, Bucher, JR, Cantor, KP, Cardis, E, Cherrie, JW, Christiani, DC, Cocco, P, Coggon, D, Comba, P, Demers, PA, Dement, JM, Douwes, J, Eisen, EA, Engel, LS, Fenske, RA, Fleming, LE, Fletcher, T, Fontham, E, Forastiere, F, Frentzel-Beyme, R, Fritschi, L, Gerin, M, Goldberg, M, Grandjean, P, Grimsrud, TK, Gustavsson, P, Haines, A, Hartge, P, Hansen, J, Hauptmann, M, Heederik, D, Hemminki, K, Hemon, D, Hertz-Picciotto, I, Hoppin, JA, Huff, J, Jarvholm, B, Kang, D, Karagas, MR, Kjaerheim, K, Kjuus, H, Kogevinas, M, Kriebel, D, Kristensen, P, Kromhout, H, Laden, F, Lebailly, P, LeMasters, G, Lubin, JH, Lynch, CF, Lynge, E, 't Mannetje, A, McMichael, AJ, McLaughlin, JR, Marrett, L, Martuzzi, M, Merchant, JA, Merler, E, Merletti, F, Miller, A, Mirer, FE, Monson, R, Nordby, K-K, Olshan, AF, Parent, M-E, Perera, FP, Perry, MJ, Pesatori, AC, Pirastu, R, Porta, M, Pukkala, E, Rice, C, Richardson, DB, Ritter, L, Ritz, B, Ronckers, CM, Rushton, L, Rusiecki, JA, Rusyn, I, Samet, JM, Sandler, DP, de Sanjose, S, Schernhammer, E, Seniori Constantini, A, Seixas, N, Shy, C, Siemiatycki, J, Silvermann, DT, Simonato, L, Smith, AH, Smith, MT, Spinelli, JJ, Spitz, MR, Stallones, L, Stayner, LT, Steenland, K, Stenzel, M, Stewart, BW, Stewart, PA, Symanski, E, Terracini, B, Tolbert, PE, Vainio, H, Vena, J, Vermeulen, R, Victora, CG, Ward, EM, Weinberg, CR, Weisenburger, D, Wesseling, C, Weiderpass, E & Zahm, SH 2015, 'IARC Monographs: 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans', Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 123, no. 6, pp. 507-514. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409149

APA

Pearce, N. E., Blair, A., Vineis, P., Ahrens, W., Andersen, A., Anto, J. M., ... Zahm, S. H. (2015). IARC Monographs: 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans. Environmental Health Perspectives, 123(6), 507-514. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409149

Vancouver

Pearce NE, Blair A, Vineis P, Ahrens W, Andersen A, Anto JM et al. IARC Monographs: 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2015 Jun;123(6):507-514. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409149

Author

Pearce, Neil E ; Blair, Aaron ; Vineis, Paolo ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Andersen, Aage ; Anto, Josep M ; Armstrong, Bruce K ; Baccarelli, Andrea A ; Beland, Frederick A ; Berrington, Amy ; Bertazzi, Pier A ; Birnbaum, Linda S ; Brownson, Ross C ; Bucher, John R ; Cantor, Kenneth P ; Cardis, Elisabeth ; Cherrie, John W ; Christiani, David C ; Cocco, Pierluigi ; Coggon, David ; Comba, Pietro ; Demers, Paul A ; Dement, John M ; Douwes, Jeroen ; Eisen, Ellen A ; Engel, Lawrence S ; Fenske, Richard A ; Fleming, Lora E ; Fletcher, Tony ; Fontham, Elizabeth ; Forastiere, Francesco ; Frentzel-Beyme, Rainer ; Fritschi, Lin ; Gerin, Michel ; Goldberg, Marcel ; Grandjean, Philippe ; Grimsrud, Tom K ; Gustavsson, Per ; Haines, Andy ; Hartge, Patricia ; Hansen, Johnni ; Hauptmann, Michael ; Heederik, Dick ; Hemminki, Kari ; Hemon, Denis ; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva ; Hoppin, Jane A ; Huff, James ; Jarvholm, Bengt ; Kang, Daehee ; Karagas, Margaret R ; Kjaerheim, Kristina ; Kjuus, Helge ; Kogevinas, Manolis ; Kriebel, David ; Kristensen, Petter ; Kromhout, Hans ; Laden, Francine ; Lebailly, Pierre ; LeMasters, Grace ; Lubin, Jay H ; Lynch, Charles F ; Lynge, Elsebeth ; 't Mannetje, Andrea ; McMichael, Anthony J ; McLaughlin, John R ; Marrett, Loraine ; Martuzzi, Marco ; Merchant, James A ; Merler, Enzo ; Merletti, Franco ; Miller, Anthony ; Mirer, Franklin E ; Monson, Richard ; Nordby, Karl-Kristian ; Olshan, Andrew F ; Parent, Marie-Elise ; Perera, Frederica P ; Perry, Melissa J ; Pesatori, Angela C ; Pirastu, Roberta ; Porta, Miquel ; Pukkala, Eero ; Rice, Carol ; Richardson, David B ; Ritter, Leonard ; Ritz, Beate ; Ronckers, Cecile M ; Rushton, Lesley ; Rusiecki, Jennifer A ; Rusyn, Ivan ; Samet, Jonathan M ; Sandler, Dale P ; de Sanjose, Silvia ; Schernhammer, Eva ; Seniori Constantini, Adele ; Seixas, Noah ; Shy, Carl ; Siemiatycki, Jack ; Silvermann, Debra T ; Simonato, Lorenzo ; Smith, Allan H ; Smith, Martyn T ; Spinelli, John J ; Spitz, Margaret R ; Stallones, Lorann ; Stayner, Leslie T ; Steenland, Kyle ; Stenzel, Mark ; Stewart, Bernard W ; Stewart, Patricia A ; Symanski, Elaine ; Terracini, Benedetto ; Tolbert, Paige E ; Vainio, Harri ; Vena, John ; Vermeulen, Roel ; Victora, Cesar G ; Ward, Elizabeth M ; Weinberg, Clarice R ; Weisenburger, Dennis ; Wesseling, Catharina ; Weiderpass, Elisabete ; Zahm, Shelia H. / IARC Monographs : 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans. In: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2015 ; Vol. 123, No. 6. pp. 507-514.

Bibtex

@article{dc9c44c6e4084ff5a6e579924726536a,
title = "IARC Monographs: 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Recently the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Programme for the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans has been criticized for several of its evaluations, and also the approach used to perform these evaluations. Some critics have claimed that IARC Working Groups' failures to recognize study weaknesses and biases of Working Group members have led to inappropriate classification of a number of agents as carcinogenic to humans.OBJECTIVES: The authors of this paper are scientists from various disciplines relevant to the identification and hazard evaluation of human carcinogens. We have examined here criticisms of the IARC classification process to determine the validity of these concerns. We review the history of IARC evaluations and describe how the IARC evaluations are performed.DISCUSSION: We conclude that these recent criticisms are unconvincing. The procedures employed by IARC to assemble Working Groups of scientists from the various discipline and the techniques followed to review the literature and perform hazard assessment of various agents provide a balanced evaluation and an appropriate indication of the weight of the evidence. Some disagreement by individual scientists to some evaluations is not evidence of process failure. The review process has been modified over time and will undoubtedly be altered in the future to improve the process. Any process can in theory be improved, and we would support continued review and improvement of the IARC processes. This does not mean, however, that the current procedures are flawed.CONCLUSIONS: The IARC Monographs have made, and continue to make, major contributions to the scientific underpinning for societal actions to improve the public's health.",
author = "Pearce, {Neil E} and Aaron Blair and Paolo Vineis and Wolfgang Ahrens and Aage Andersen and Anto, {Josep M} and Armstrong, {Bruce K} and Baccarelli, {Andrea A} and Beland, {Frederick A} and Amy Berrington and Bertazzi, {Pier A} and Birnbaum, {Linda S} and Brownson, {Ross C} and Bucher, {John R} and Cantor, {Kenneth P} and Elisabeth Cardis and Cherrie, {John W} and Christiani, {David C} and Pierluigi Cocco and David Coggon and Pietro Comba and Demers, {Paul A} and Dement, {John M} and Jeroen Douwes and Eisen, {Ellen A} and Engel, {Lawrence S} and Fenske, {Richard A} and Fleming, {Lora E} and Tony Fletcher and Elizabeth Fontham and Francesco Forastiere and Rainer Frentzel-Beyme and Lin Fritschi and Michel Gerin and Marcel Goldberg and Philippe Grandjean and Grimsrud, {Tom K} and Per Gustavsson and Andy Haines and Patricia Hartge and Johnni Hansen and Michael Hauptmann and Dick Heederik and Kari Hemminki and Denis Hemon and Irva Hertz-Picciotto and Hoppin, {Jane A} and James Huff and Bengt Jarvholm and Daehee Kang and Karagas, {Margaret R} and Kristina Kjaerheim and Helge Kjuus and Manolis Kogevinas and David Kriebel and Petter Kristensen and Hans Kromhout and Francine Laden and Pierre Lebailly and Grace LeMasters and Lubin, {Jay H} and Lynch, {Charles F} and Elsebeth Lynge and {'t Mannetje}, Andrea and McMichael, {Anthony J} and McLaughlin, {John R} and Loraine Marrett and Marco Martuzzi and Merchant, {James A} and Enzo Merler and Franco Merletti and Anthony Miller and Mirer, {Franklin E} and Richard Monson and Karl-Kristian Nordby and Olshan, {Andrew F} and Marie-Elise Parent and Perera, {Frederica P} and Perry, {Melissa J} and Pesatori, {Angela C} and Roberta Pirastu and Miquel Porta and Eero Pukkala and Carol Rice and Richardson, {David B} and Leonard Ritter and Beate Ritz and Ronckers, {Cecile M} and Lesley Rushton and Rusiecki, {Jennifer A} and Ivan Rusyn and Samet, {Jonathan M} and Sandler, {Dale P} and {de Sanjose}, Silvia and Eva Schernhammer and {Seniori Constantini}, Adele and Noah Seixas and Carl Shy and Jack Siemiatycki and Silvermann, {Debra T} and Lorenzo Simonato and Smith, {Allan H} and Smith, {Martyn T} and Spinelli, {John J} and Spitz, {Margaret R} and Lorann Stallones and Stayner, {Leslie T} and Kyle Steenland and Mark Stenzel and Stewart, {Bernard W} and Stewart, {Patricia A} and Elaine Symanski and Benedetto Terracini and Tolbert, {Paige E} and Harri Vainio and John Vena and Roel Vermeulen and Victora, {Cesar G} and Ward, {Elizabeth M} and Weinberg, {Clarice R} and Dennis Weisenburger and Catharina Wesseling and Elisabete Weiderpass and Zahm, {Shelia H}",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1289/ehp.1409149",
language = "English",
volume = "123",
pages = "507--514",
journal = "Environmental Health Perspectives",
issn = "0091-6765",
publisher = "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - IARC Monographs

T2 - 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans

AU - Pearce, Neil E

AU - Blair, Aaron

AU - Vineis, Paolo

AU - Ahrens, Wolfgang

AU - Andersen, Aage

AU - Anto, Josep M

AU - Armstrong, Bruce K

AU - Baccarelli, Andrea A

AU - Beland, Frederick A

AU - Berrington, Amy

AU - Bertazzi, Pier A

AU - Birnbaum, Linda S

AU - Brownson, Ross C

AU - Bucher, John R

AU - Cantor, Kenneth P

AU - Cardis, Elisabeth

AU - Cherrie, John W

AU - Christiani, David C

AU - Cocco, Pierluigi

AU - Coggon, David

AU - Comba, Pietro

AU - Demers, Paul A

AU - Dement, John M

AU - Douwes, Jeroen

AU - Eisen, Ellen A

AU - Engel, Lawrence S

AU - Fenske, Richard A

AU - Fleming, Lora E

AU - Fletcher, Tony

AU - Fontham, Elizabeth

AU - Forastiere, Francesco

AU - Frentzel-Beyme, Rainer

AU - Fritschi, Lin

AU - Gerin, Michel

AU - Goldberg, Marcel

AU - Grandjean, Philippe

AU - Grimsrud, Tom K

AU - Gustavsson, Per

AU - Haines, Andy

AU - Hartge, Patricia

AU - Hansen, Johnni

AU - Hauptmann, Michael

AU - Heederik, Dick

AU - Hemminki, Kari

AU - Hemon, Denis

AU - Hertz-Picciotto, Irva

AU - Hoppin, Jane A

AU - Huff, James

AU - Jarvholm, Bengt

AU - Kang, Daehee

AU - Karagas, Margaret R

AU - Kjaerheim, Kristina

AU - Kjuus, Helge

AU - Kogevinas, Manolis

AU - Kriebel, David

AU - Kristensen, Petter

AU - Kromhout, Hans

AU - Laden, Francine

AU - Lebailly, Pierre

AU - LeMasters, Grace

AU - Lubin, Jay H

AU - Lynch, Charles F

AU - Lynge, Elsebeth

AU - 't Mannetje, Andrea

AU - McMichael, Anthony J

AU - McLaughlin, John R

AU - Marrett, Loraine

AU - Martuzzi, Marco

AU - Merchant, James A

AU - Merler, Enzo

AU - Merletti, Franco

AU - Miller, Anthony

AU - Mirer, Franklin E

AU - Monson, Richard

AU - Nordby, Karl-Kristian

AU - Olshan, Andrew F

AU - Parent, Marie-Elise

AU - Perera, Frederica P

AU - Perry, Melissa J

AU - Pesatori, Angela C

AU - Pirastu, Roberta

AU - Porta, Miquel

AU - Pukkala, Eero

AU - Rice, Carol

AU - Richardson, David B

AU - Ritter, Leonard

AU - Ritz, Beate

AU - Ronckers, Cecile M

AU - Rushton, Lesley

AU - Rusiecki, Jennifer A

AU - Rusyn, Ivan

AU - Samet, Jonathan M

AU - Sandler, Dale P

AU - de Sanjose, Silvia

AU - Schernhammer, Eva

AU - Seniori Constantini, Adele

AU - Seixas, Noah

AU - Shy, Carl

AU - Siemiatycki, Jack

AU - Silvermann, Debra T

AU - Simonato, Lorenzo

AU - Smith, Allan H

AU - Smith, Martyn T

AU - Spinelli, John J

AU - Spitz, Margaret R

AU - Stallones, Lorann

AU - Stayner, Leslie T

AU - Steenland, Kyle

AU - Stenzel, Mark

AU - Stewart, Bernard W

AU - Stewart, Patricia A

AU - Symanski, Elaine

AU - Terracini, Benedetto

AU - Tolbert, Paige E

AU - Vainio, Harri

AU - Vena, John

AU - Vermeulen, Roel

AU - Victora, Cesar G

AU - Ward, Elizabeth M

AU - Weinberg, Clarice R

AU - Weisenburger, Dennis

AU - Wesseling, Catharina

AU - Weiderpass, Elisabete

AU - Zahm, Shelia H

PY - 2015/6

Y1 - 2015/6

N2 - BACKGROUND: Recently the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Programme for the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans has been criticized for several of its evaluations, and also the approach used to perform these evaluations. Some critics have claimed that IARC Working Groups' failures to recognize study weaknesses and biases of Working Group members have led to inappropriate classification of a number of agents as carcinogenic to humans.OBJECTIVES: The authors of this paper are scientists from various disciplines relevant to the identification and hazard evaluation of human carcinogens. We have examined here criticisms of the IARC classification process to determine the validity of these concerns. We review the history of IARC evaluations and describe how the IARC evaluations are performed.DISCUSSION: We conclude that these recent criticisms are unconvincing. The procedures employed by IARC to assemble Working Groups of scientists from the various discipline and the techniques followed to review the literature and perform hazard assessment of various agents provide a balanced evaluation and an appropriate indication of the weight of the evidence. Some disagreement by individual scientists to some evaluations is not evidence of process failure. The review process has been modified over time and will undoubtedly be altered in the future to improve the process. Any process can in theory be improved, and we would support continued review and improvement of the IARC processes. This does not mean, however, that the current procedures are flawed.CONCLUSIONS: The IARC Monographs have made, and continue to make, major contributions to the scientific underpinning for societal actions to improve the public's health.

AB - BACKGROUND: Recently the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Programme for the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans has been criticized for several of its evaluations, and also the approach used to perform these evaluations. Some critics have claimed that IARC Working Groups' failures to recognize study weaknesses and biases of Working Group members have led to inappropriate classification of a number of agents as carcinogenic to humans.OBJECTIVES: The authors of this paper are scientists from various disciplines relevant to the identification and hazard evaluation of human carcinogens. We have examined here criticisms of the IARC classification process to determine the validity of these concerns. We review the history of IARC evaluations and describe how the IARC evaluations are performed.DISCUSSION: We conclude that these recent criticisms are unconvincing. The procedures employed by IARC to assemble Working Groups of scientists from the various discipline and the techniques followed to review the literature and perform hazard assessment of various agents provide a balanced evaluation and an appropriate indication of the weight of the evidence. Some disagreement by individual scientists to some evaluations is not evidence of process failure. The review process has been modified over time and will undoubtedly be altered in the future to improve the process. Any process can in theory be improved, and we would support continued review and improvement of the IARC processes. This does not mean, however, that the current procedures are flawed.CONCLUSIONS: The IARC Monographs have made, and continue to make, major contributions to the scientific underpinning for societal actions to improve the public's health.

U2 - 10.1289/ehp.1409149

DO - 10.1289/ehp.1409149

M3 - Comment/debate

C2 - 25712798

VL - 123

SP - 507

EP - 514

JO - Environmental Health Perspectives

JF - Environmental Health Perspectives

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 135652312