Initiatives Addressing Precarious Employment and Its Effects on Workers' Health and Well-Being: A Systematic Review

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  • Virginia Gunn
  • Kreshpaj, Bertina
  • Nuria Matilla-Santander
  • Emilia F Vignola
  • David H Wegman
  • Christer Hogstedt
  • Emily Q Ahonen
  • Theo Bodin
  • Cecilia Orellana
  • Sherry Baron
  • Carles Muntaner
  • Patricia O'Campo
  • Maria Albin
  • Carin Håkansta

The prevalence of precarious employment has increased in recent decades and aspects such as employment insecurity and income inadequacy have intensified during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify, appraise, and synthesise existing evidence pertaining to implemented initiatives addressing precarious employment that have evaluated and reported health and well-being outcomes. We used the PRISMA framework to guide this review and identified 11 relevant initiatives through searches in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and three sources of grey literature. We found very few evaluated interventions addressing precarious employment and its impact on the health and well-being of workers globally. Ten out of 11 initiatives were not purposefully designed to address precarious employment in general, nor specific dimensions of it. Seven out of 11 initiatives evaluated outcomes related to the occupational health and safety of precariously employed workers and six out of 11 evaluated worker health and well-being outcomes. Most initiatives showed the potential to improve the health of workers, although the evaluation component was often described with less detail than the initiative itself. Given the heterogeneity of the 11 initiatives regarding study design, sample size, implementation, evaluation, economic and political contexts, and target population, we found insufficient evidence to compare outcomes across types of initiatives, generalize findings, or make specific recommendations for the adoption of initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number4
Number of pages35
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • COVID-19/epidemiology, Employment, Humans, Occupational Health, Pandemics, SARS-CoV-2

ID: 327060553