Is swimming during pregnancy a safe exercise?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Standard

Is swimming during pregnancy a safe exercise? / Juhl, Mette; Kogevinas, Manolis; Andersen, Per Kragh; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Olsen, Jørn.

In: Epidemiology, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2010, p. 253-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Juhl, M, Kogevinas, M, Andersen, PK, Andersen, A-MN & Olsen, J 2010, 'Is swimming during pregnancy a safe exercise?', Epidemiology, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 253-8. https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181cb6267

APA

Juhl, M., Kogevinas, M., Andersen, P. K., Andersen, A-M. N., & Olsen, J. (2010). Is swimming during pregnancy a safe exercise? Epidemiology, 21(2), 253-8. https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181cb6267

Vancouver

Juhl M, Kogevinas M, Andersen PK, Andersen A-MN, Olsen J. Is swimming during pregnancy a safe exercise? Epidemiology. 2010;21(2):253-8. https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181cb6267

Author

Juhl, Mette ; Kogevinas, Manolis ; Andersen, Per Kragh ; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo ; Olsen, Jørn. / Is swimming during pregnancy a safe exercise?. In: Epidemiology. 2010 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 253-8.

Bibtex

@article{5505eb208b5011df928f000ea68e967b,
title = "Is swimming during pregnancy a safe exercise?",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Exercise in pregnancy is recommended in many countries, and swimming is considered by many to be an ideal activity for pregnant women. Disinfection by-products in swimming pool water may, however, be associated with adverse effects on various reproductive outcomes. We examined the association between swimming in pregnancy and preterm and postterm birth, fetal growth measures, small-for-gestational-age, and congenital malformations. METHODS: We used self-reported exercise data (swimming, bicycling, or no exercise) that were prospectively collected twice during pregnancy for 74,486 singleton pregnancies. Recruitment to The Danish National Birth Cohort took place 1996-2002. Using Cox, linear and logistic regression analyses, depending on the outcome, we compared swimmers with physically inactive pregnant women; to separate a possible swimming effect from an effect of exercise, bicyclists were included as an additional comparison group. RESULTS: Risk estimates were similar for swimmers and bicyclists, including those who swam throughout pregnancy and those who swam more than 1.5 hours per week. Compared with nonexercisers, women who swam in early/mid-pregnancy had a slightly reduced risk of giving birth preterm (hazard ratio = 0.80 [95{\%} confidence interval = 0.72-0.88]) or giving birth to a child with congenital malformations (odds ratio = 0.89 [0.80-0.98]). CONCLUSIONS: These data do not indicate that swimming in pool water is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes.",
author = "Mette Juhl and Manolis Kogevinas and Andersen, {Per Kragh} and Andersen, {Anne-Marie Nybo} and J{\o}rn Olsen",
note = "Keywords: Bicycling; Birth Weight; Cohort Studies; Congenital Abnormalities; Denmark; Exercise; Female; Humans; Linear Models; Logistic Models; Odds Ratio; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Outcome; Pregnancy Trimesters; Premature Birth; Proportional Hazards Models; Risk Factors; Swimming; Swimming Pools",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181cb6267",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "253--8",
journal = "Epidemiology",
issn = "1044-3983",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is swimming during pregnancy a safe exercise?

AU - Juhl, Mette

AU - Kogevinas, Manolis

AU - Andersen, Per Kragh

AU - Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo

AU - Olsen, Jørn

N1 - Keywords: Bicycling; Birth Weight; Cohort Studies; Congenital Abnormalities; Denmark; Exercise; Female; Humans; Linear Models; Logistic Models; Odds Ratio; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Outcome; Pregnancy Trimesters; Premature Birth; Proportional Hazards Models; Risk Factors; Swimming; Swimming Pools

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - BACKGROUND: Exercise in pregnancy is recommended in many countries, and swimming is considered by many to be an ideal activity for pregnant women. Disinfection by-products in swimming pool water may, however, be associated with adverse effects on various reproductive outcomes. We examined the association between swimming in pregnancy and preterm and postterm birth, fetal growth measures, small-for-gestational-age, and congenital malformations. METHODS: We used self-reported exercise data (swimming, bicycling, or no exercise) that were prospectively collected twice during pregnancy for 74,486 singleton pregnancies. Recruitment to The Danish National Birth Cohort took place 1996-2002. Using Cox, linear and logistic regression analyses, depending on the outcome, we compared swimmers with physically inactive pregnant women; to separate a possible swimming effect from an effect of exercise, bicyclists were included as an additional comparison group. RESULTS: Risk estimates were similar for swimmers and bicyclists, including those who swam throughout pregnancy and those who swam more than 1.5 hours per week. Compared with nonexercisers, women who swam in early/mid-pregnancy had a slightly reduced risk of giving birth preterm (hazard ratio = 0.80 [95% confidence interval = 0.72-0.88]) or giving birth to a child with congenital malformations (odds ratio = 0.89 [0.80-0.98]). CONCLUSIONS: These data do not indicate that swimming in pool water is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes.

AB - BACKGROUND: Exercise in pregnancy is recommended in many countries, and swimming is considered by many to be an ideal activity for pregnant women. Disinfection by-products in swimming pool water may, however, be associated with adverse effects on various reproductive outcomes. We examined the association between swimming in pregnancy and preterm and postterm birth, fetal growth measures, small-for-gestational-age, and congenital malformations. METHODS: We used self-reported exercise data (swimming, bicycling, or no exercise) that were prospectively collected twice during pregnancy for 74,486 singleton pregnancies. Recruitment to The Danish National Birth Cohort took place 1996-2002. Using Cox, linear and logistic regression analyses, depending on the outcome, we compared swimmers with physically inactive pregnant women; to separate a possible swimming effect from an effect of exercise, bicyclists were included as an additional comparison group. RESULTS: Risk estimates were similar for swimmers and bicyclists, including those who swam throughout pregnancy and those who swam more than 1.5 hours per week. Compared with nonexercisers, women who swam in early/mid-pregnancy had a slightly reduced risk of giving birth preterm (hazard ratio = 0.80 [95% confidence interval = 0.72-0.88]) or giving birth to a child with congenital malformations (odds ratio = 0.89 [0.80-0.98]). CONCLUSIONS: These data do not indicate that swimming in pool water is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes.

U2 - 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181cb6267

DO - 10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181cb6267

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20110815

VL - 21

SP - 253

EP - 258

JO - Epidemiology

JF - Epidemiology

SN - 1044-3983

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 20738056