Occupational variation in incidence of oropharyngeal cancer in the Nordic countries

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  • Rayan Nikkilä
  • Antti Mäkitie
  • Timo Carpén
  • Johnni Hansen
  • Sanna Heikkinen
  • Lynge, Elsebeth
  • Jenny Selander
  • Ingrid Sivesind Mehlum
  • Jóhanna Eyrún Torfadottir
  • Tuula Salo
  • Eero Pukkala

Purpose: Evaluate the occupational variation in incidence of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). Methods: We calculated standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of OPC in occupational categories in the Nordic countries relative to the entire national populations. The data covered 6155 OPC cases. Results: Among men high risk of OPC was observed, among else, in waiters (SIR 6.28, 95% CI 4.68–8.26), beverage workers (SIR 3.00, 95% CI 1.72–4.88), and artistic workers (SIR 2.97, 95% CI 2.31–3.76). Among women high risk of OPC was observed in waiters (SIR 2.02, 95% CI 1.41–2.81) and packers (SIR 1.73, 95% CI 1.07–2.64). The lowest SIRs were observed in female gardeners (SIR 0.27, 95% CI 0.12–0.51) and male farmers (SIR 0.30, 95% CI 0.25–0.35). Conclusion: The 20-fold variation in incidence of OPC between occupations needs further investigation in studies with detailed information on occupational and non-occupational risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Pages (from-to) 343–350
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).

    Research areas

  • Head and neck cancer, Occupational risk, OPC, Oropharyngeal cancer, Oropharynx

ID: 370572508