Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder: a 35 years’ prospective study

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Standard

Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder : a 35 years’ prospective study. / Christensen, D. S.; Flensborg-Madsen, T.; Andersen, N. E.; Rosenkær, I. B.; Mortensen, E. L.

In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Christensen, DS, Flensborg-Madsen, T, Andersen, NE, Rosenkær, IB & Mortensen, EL 2021, 'Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder: a 35 years’ prospective study', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-020-02001-9

APA

Christensen, D. S., Flensborg-Madsen, T., Andersen, N. E., Rosenkær, I. B., & Mortensen, E. L. (2021). Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder: a 35 years’ prospective study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-020-02001-9

Vancouver

Christensen DS, Flensborg-Madsen T, Andersen NE, Rosenkær IB, Mortensen EL. Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder: a 35 years’ prospective study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-020-02001-9

Author

Christensen, D. S. ; Flensborg-Madsen, T. ; Andersen, N. E. ; Rosenkær, I. B. ; Mortensen, E. L. / Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder : a 35 years’ prospective study. In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2021.

Bibtex

@article{eaa94d32aee64dd581a9bb59a3bfc61a,
title = "Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder: a 35 years{\textquoteright} prospective study",
abstract = "Purpose: The present study examined the prospective association of neuroticism, extraversion and psychoticism with risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder, examining intelligence as a potential confounder of this association. Methods: A total of 1118 Danish men and women completed the Eysenck personality questionnaire at the mean age of 27 years. Information on psychiatric diagnoses was obtained by linking the study population to the national Danish psychiatric registers, and risk of diagnoses associated with each personality trait was examined using multiple Cox regression in models including the three personality traits unadjusted and adjusted for intelligence. Participants with diagnosis from a psychiatric department prior to the personality assessment were excluded. Results: In total, 122 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder during follow-up. Neuroticism significantly predicted risk of anxiety-, adjustment-, personality- and alcohol and substance abuse diagnoses. Extraversion did not significantly predict any diagnosis type, while psychoticism predicted a combined category of mood and anxiety diagnoses. Despite intelligence being a significant predictor of the majority of the included diagnoses, adjusting for intelligence did not substantially influence any trait-disorder associations. Conclusion: The results confirm high neuroticism as a prospective vulnerability factor for mental disorder and indicate high psychoticism to be a potential risk factor for mood and anxiety disorders. These associations are not confounded by intelligence.",
keywords = "Intelligence, Mental disorder, Personality, Prospective cohort study",
author = "Christensen, {D. S.} and T. Flensborg-Madsen and Andersen, {N. E.} and Rosenk{\ae}r, {I. B.} and Mortensen, {E. L.}",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1007/s00127-020-02001-9",
language = "English",
journal = "Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology",
issn = "0933-7954",
publisher = "Springer Medizin",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality and risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder

T2 - a 35 years’ prospective study

AU - Christensen, D. S.

AU - Flensborg-Madsen, T.

AU - Andersen, N. E.

AU - Rosenkær, I. B.

AU - Mortensen, E. L.

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Purpose: The present study examined the prospective association of neuroticism, extraversion and psychoticism with risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder, examining intelligence as a potential confounder of this association. Methods: A total of 1118 Danish men and women completed the Eysenck personality questionnaire at the mean age of 27 years. Information on psychiatric diagnoses was obtained by linking the study population to the national Danish psychiatric registers, and risk of diagnoses associated with each personality trait was examined using multiple Cox regression in models including the three personality traits unadjusted and adjusted for intelligence. Participants with diagnosis from a psychiatric department prior to the personality assessment were excluded. Results: In total, 122 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder during follow-up. Neuroticism significantly predicted risk of anxiety-, adjustment-, personality- and alcohol and substance abuse diagnoses. Extraversion did not significantly predict any diagnosis type, while psychoticism predicted a combined category of mood and anxiety diagnoses. Despite intelligence being a significant predictor of the majority of the included diagnoses, adjusting for intelligence did not substantially influence any trait-disorder associations. Conclusion: The results confirm high neuroticism as a prospective vulnerability factor for mental disorder and indicate high psychoticism to be a potential risk factor for mood and anxiety disorders. These associations are not confounded by intelligence.

AB - Purpose: The present study examined the prospective association of neuroticism, extraversion and psychoticism with risk of hospital diagnosed mental disorder, examining intelligence as a potential confounder of this association. Methods: A total of 1118 Danish men and women completed the Eysenck personality questionnaire at the mean age of 27 years. Information on psychiatric diagnoses was obtained by linking the study population to the national Danish psychiatric registers, and risk of diagnoses associated with each personality trait was examined using multiple Cox regression in models including the three personality traits unadjusted and adjusted for intelligence. Participants with diagnosis from a psychiatric department prior to the personality assessment were excluded. Results: In total, 122 participants were diagnosed with a mental disorder during follow-up. Neuroticism significantly predicted risk of anxiety-, adjustment-, personality- and alcohol and substance abuse diagnoses. Extraversion did not significantly predict any diagnosis type, while psychoticism predicted a combined category of mood and anxiety diagnoses. Despite intelligence being a significant predictor of the majority of the included diagnoses, adjusting for intelligence did not substantially influence any trait-disorder associations. Conclusion: The results confirm high neuroticism as a prospective vulnerability factor for mental disorder and indicate high psychoticism to be a potential risk factor for mood and anxiety disorders. These associations are not confounded by intelligence.

KW - Intelligence

KW - Mental disorder

KW - Personality

KW - Prospective cohort study

U2 - 10.1007/s00127-020-02001-9

DO - 10.1007/s00127-020-02001-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33388796

AN - SCOPUS:85098640581

JO - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

JF - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

SN - 0933-7954

ER -

ID: 254990813