Physical activity monitors to enhance amount of physical activity in older adults – a systematic review and meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Physical activity monitors to enhance amount of physical activity in older adults – a systematic review and meta-analysis. / Larsen, Rasmus Tolstrup; Christensen, Jan; Juhl, Carsten Bogh; Andersen, Henning Boje; Langberg, Henning.

In: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, Vol. 16, 7, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Larsen, RT, Christensen, J, Juhl, CB, Andersen, HB & Langberg, H 2019, 'Physical activity monitors to enhance amount of physical activity in older adults – a systematic review and meta-analysis', European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 16, 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-019-0213-6

APA

Larsen, R. T., Christensen, J., Juhl, C. B., Andersen, H. B., & Langberg, H. (2019). Physical activity monitors to enhance amount of physical activity in older adults – a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 16, [7]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-019-0213-6

Vancouver

Larsen RT, Christensen J, Juhl CB, Andersen HB, Langberg H. Physical activity monitors to enhance amount of physical activity in older adults – a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity. 2019;16. 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-019-0213-6

Author

Larsen, Rasmus Tolstrup ; Christensen, Jan ; Juhl, Carsten Bogh ; Andersen, Henning Boje ; Langberg, Henning. / Physical activity monitors to enhance amount of physical activity in older adults – a systematic review and meta-analysis. In: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity. 2019 ; Vol. 16.

Bibtex

@article{fddffbd54ffd4c8d8412caac6a6e0ff5,
title = "Physical activity monitors to enhance amount of physical activity in older adults – a systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "BackgroundThe body of evidence related to the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions has grown over the recent years. However, the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions in older adults remains unclear and should be systematically reviewed.ObjectiveThe objective of this systematic review was to estimate the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions on physical activity behavior in participants aged 65 and above. Subsequently we explored the effect on body mass index, physical capacity, and health-related quality of life and finally the impact of patient- and intervention characteristics.MethodsSearches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, and CENTRAL were performed on April 26, 2018. No publication date filters were applied. References of eligible studies were scrutinized and relevant journals were hand-searched. Randomized controlled trials and randomized cross-over trials investigating the effect of a physical activity monitor-based intervention on physical activity were included. Studies were included if the mean age of the participants was above 65 years, and participants could walk independently with or without walking aids. The Cochrane handbook was used as a template for extracting data and the RoB 2.0 tool was used to assess risk of bias. Random-effects meta-analysis using Hedges g, were used to pool the study results. The main outcome of this study was physical activity.ResultsTwenty-one studies with 2783 participants were included. The median participant age in the studies was 70.5 years, the median percentage of male participants was 42{\%}, and the median baseline daily step count was 5268. Physical activity monitor-based interventions had a moderate effect (SMD = 0.54, 95{\%} CI: 0.34 to 0.73) compared to control interventions, corresponding to an average increase of 1297 steps per day in the intervention groups. No impact of patient and intervention characteristics on the effect estimates were found.Short conclusionLow quality of evidence was found for a moderate effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions on physical activity compared with control interventions. More studies with higher research methodology standards are required.PROSPERO registrationCRD42018083648.",
keywords = "Aging, Meta-analysis, Moderate to vigorous physical activity, Motivation, Older adults, Physical activity, Physical activity monitors, Systematic review, Technology, Walking",
author = "Larsen, {Rasmus Tolstrup} and Jan Christensen and Juhl, {Carsten Bogh} and Andersen, {Henning Boje} and Henning Langberg",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1186/s11556-019-0213-6",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "European Review of Aging and Physical Activity",
issn = "1813-7253",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical activity monitors to enhance amount of physical activity in older adults – a systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Larsen, Rasmus Tolstrup

AU - Christensen, Jan

AU - Juhl, Carsten Bogh

AU - Andersen, Henning Boje

AU - Langberg, Henning

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - BackgroundThe body of evidence related to the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions has grown over the recent years. However, the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions in older adults remains unclear and should be systematically reviewed.ObjectiveThe objective of this systematic review was to estimate the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions on physical activity behavior in participants aged 65 and above. Subsequently we explored the effect on body mass index, physical capacity, and health-related quality of life and finally the impact of patient- and intervention characteristics.MethodsSearches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, and CENTRAL were performed on April 26, 2018. No publication date filters were applied. References of eligible studies were scrutinized and relevant journals were hand-searched. Randomized controlled trials and randomized cross-over trials investigating the effect of a physical activity monitor-based intervention on physical activity were included. Studies were included if the mean age of the participants was above 65 years, and participants could walk independently with or without walking aids. The Cochrane handbook was used as a template for extracting data and the RoB 2.0 tool was used to assess risk of bias. Random-effects meta-analysis using Hedges g, were used to pool the study results. The main outcome of this study was physical activity.ResultsTwenty-one studies with 2783 participants were included. The median participant age in the studies was 70.5 years, the median percentage of male participants was 42%, and the median baseline daily step count was 5268. Physical activity monitor-based interventions had a moderate effect (SMD = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.73) compared to control interventions, corresponding to an average increase of 1297 steps per day in the intervention groups. No impact of patient and intervention characteristics on the effect estimates were found.Short conclusionLow quality of evidence was found for a moderate effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions on physical activity compared with control interventions. More studies with higher research methodology standards are required.PROSPERO registrationCRD42018083648.

AB - BackgroundThe body of evidence related to the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions has grown over the recent years. However, the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions in older adults remains unclear and should be systematically reviewed.ObjectiveThe objective of this systematic review was to estimate the effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions on physical activity behavior in participants aged 65 and above. Subsequently we explored the effect on body mass index, physical capacity, and health-related quality of life and finally the impact of patient- and intervention characteristics.MethodsSearches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, and CENTRAL were performed on April 26, 2018. No publication date filters were applied. References of eligible studies were scrutinized and relevant journals were hand-searched. Randomized controlled trials and randomized cross-over trials investigating the effect of a physical activity monitor-based intervention on physical activity were included. Studies were included if the mean age of the participants was above 65 years, and participants could walk independently with or without walking aids. The Cochrane handbook was used as a template for extracting data and the RoB 2.0 tool was used to assess risk of bias. Random-effects meta-analysis using Hedges g, were used to pool the study results. The main outcome of this study was physical activity.ResultsTwenty-one studies with 2783 participants were included. The median participant age in the studies was 70.5 years, the median percentage of male participants was 42%, and the median baseline daily step count was 5268. Physical activity monitor-based interventions had a moderate effect (SMD = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.34 to 0.73) compared to control interventions, corresponding to an average increase of 1297 steps per day in the intervention groups. No impact of patient and intervention characteristics on the effect estimates were found.Short conclusionLow quality of evidence was found for a moderate effect of physical activity monitor-based interventions on physical activity compared with control interventions. More studies with higher research methodology standards are required.PROSPERO registrationCRD42018083648.

KW - Aging

KW - Meta-analysis

KW - Moderate to vigorous physical activity

KW - Motivation

KW - Older adults

KW - Physical activity

KW - Physical activity monitors

KW - Systematic review

KW - Technology

KW - Walking

U2 - 10.1186/s11556-019-0213-6

DO - 10.1186/s11556-019-0213-6

M3 - Journal article

VL - 16

JO - European Review of Aging and Physical Activity

JF - European Review of Aging and Physical Activity

SN - 1813-7253

M1 - 7

ER -

ID: 217550420