Prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus after HPV-vaccination in Denmark

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  • Lynge, Elsebeth
  • Lise Thamsborg
  • Lise Grupe Larsen
  • Jette Christensen
  • Tonje Johansen
  • Jalil Hariri
  • Sanne Christiansen
  • Carsten Rygaard
  • Berit Andersen

Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) has been introduced as a public health initiative in many countries, including Denmark since October 2008. It is important to monitor postimplementation effectiveness of HPV-vaccination at the population-level. We studied HPV-prevalence after first invitation to screening at age 23 years in women offered thequadrivalent HPV-vaccineat the age of 14 years. Randomly selected screening samples from women born in 1994 in four out of five Danish regions were subjected to analysis for HPV in addition to routine cytology. Cobas4800 was used in all participating pathology departments. Data from a Danish prevaccination cross-sectional study using Hybrid Capture 2, and a Danish split-sample study using Cobas4800 were used for comparison. In the period from February 2017 to April 2019, 6233 screening samples from women born in 1994 were selected for HPV-analysis; 27 samples had no HPV-test and 3 samples had no HPV-diagnosis, leaving 6203 samples with an HPV-diagnosis. Prevalence of any high-risk (HR) HPV was 35%; only 0.9% were positive for vaccine HPV types 16/18 while the remaining 34% were positive for other HR HPV. When comparing with prevaccination prevalence data, HPV-16/18 decreased by 95%; RR = 0.05 (95% CI 0.04-0.06), while other HR HPV remained fairly constant; RR = 0.88 (95% CI 0.82-0.94) and RR = 0.95 (95% CI 0.88-1.03), respectively. One-third of women vaccinated as girls with the quadrivalent HPV-vaccine were HR HPV-positive at time of first invitation to screening. Vaccine HPV-types 16 and 18 were almost eliminated, while the prevalence of nonvaccine HR HPV-types remained constant.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)3446-3452
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • cervical screening, HPV-vaccination, human papillomavirus, prevalence, INVASIVE CERVICAL-CANCER

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