Prior Antibiotic Use Increases Risk of Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Resistant Escherichia coli among Elderly in Primary Care: A Case-Control Study

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We investigated whether prior use of antibiotics affects the risk of mecillinam/trimethoprim/nitrofurantoin/multi-resistant Escherichia coli urinary tract infection (UTI) among elderly patients in general practice. Data on urine culture came from urine samples performed in general practice and sent to hospitals in the Capital Region of Denmark, and prescription data came from a nationwide prescription database. The study population consisted of patients with UTI episodes (n = 41,027) caused by E. coli that received a concurrent antibiotic prescription against UTI from 2012 to 2017. We used a case-control design. Cases were UTI episodes caused by mecillinam, trimethoprim, nitrofurantoin or multi-resistant E. coli and controls were UTI episodes caused by E. coli not displaying the respective resistance pattern. We analyzed whether exposure to antibiotics in a period of 8–90 days prior to the UTI episode affected the risk of antibiotic resistant uropathogenic E coli. The analyses were adjusted for age, sex, hospital admission and nursing home status. The odds of resistance to all of the four antibiotics increased significantly after exposure to antibiotics within 90 days prior to the UTI episode. In general, mecillinam showed the lowest increase in the odds for selection of resistance. The results indicate that mecillinam is a favorable antibiotic choice in terms of selection of resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1382
JournalAntibiotics
Volume11
Issue number10
Number of pages11
ISSN2079-6382
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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© 2022 by the authors.

    Research areas

  • antibiotic prescribing, antimicrobial resistance, elderly, Escherichia coli, general practice, urinary tract infection

ID: 323921244