Regional and national antimicrobial stewardship activities: a survey from the Joint Programming Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance - Primary Care Antibiotic Audit and Feedback Network (JPIAMR-PAAN)

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  • Benedikte Olsen Michalsen
  • Alice X.T. Xu
  • Sarah L. Alderson
  • Bjerrum, Lars
  • Jamie Brehaut
  • Heiner C. Bucher
  • Janet Clarkson
  • Eilidh Duncan
  • Jeremy Grimshaw
  • Ronny Gunnarsson
  • Sigurd Høye
  • Noah Ivers
  • Donna M. Lecky
  • Morten Lindbæk
  • Carl Llor
  • Pia Touboul Lundgren
  • Denise O'connor
  • Celiné Pulcini
  • Craig Ramsay
  • Pär Daniel Sundvall
  • Theo Verheij
  • Kevin L. Schwartz

Background: Antibiotic overuse and misuse in primary care are common, highlighting the importance of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) efforts in this setting. Audit and feedback (A&F) interventions can improve professional practice and performance in some settings. Objectives and methods: To leverage the expertise from international members of the Joint Programming Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance - Primary care Antibiotic Audit and feedback Network (JPIAMR-PAAN). Network members all have experience of designing and delivering A&F interventions to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in primary care settings. We aim to introduce the network and explore ongoing A&F activities in member regions. An online survey was administered to all network members to collect regional information. Results: Fifteen respondents from 11 countries provided information on A&F activities in their country, and national/regional antibiotic stewardship programmes or policies. Most countries use electronic medical records as the primary data source, antibiotic appropriateness as the main outcome of feedback, and target GPs as the prescribers of interest. Funding sources varied across countries, which could influence the frequency and quality of A&F interventions. Nine out of 11 countries reported having a national antibiotic stewardship programme or policy, which aim to provide systematic support to ongoing AMS efforts and aid sustainability. Conclusions: The survey identified gaps and opportunities for AMS efforts that include A&F across member countries in Europe, Canada and Australia. JPIAMR-PAAN will continue to leverage its members to produce best practice resources and toolkits for antibiotic A&F interventions in primary care settings and identify research priorities.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberdlad048
JournalJAC-Antimicrobial Resistance
Issue number2
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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