Resting heart rate, heart rate variability and functional decline in old age

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Resting heart rate, heart rate variability and functional decline in old age. / Ogliari, Giulia; Mahinrad, Simin; Stott, David J; Jukema, J Wouter; Mooijaart, Simon P; Macfarlane, Peter W; Clark, Elaine N; Kearney, Patricia M; Westendorp, Rudi G J; de Craen, Anton J M; Sabayan, Behnam.

In: C M A J, Vol. 187, No. 15, 20.10.2015, p. E442-E449.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Ogliari, G, Mahinrad, S, Stott, DJ, Jukema, JW, Mooijaart, SP, Macfarlane, PW, Clark, EN, Kearney, PM, Westendorp, RGJ, de Craen, AJM & Sabayan, B 2015, 'Resting heart rate, heart rate variability and functional decline in old age', C M A J, vol. 187, no. 15, pp. E442-E449. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.150462

APA

Ogliari, G., Mahinrad, S., Stott, D. J., Jukema, J. W., Mooijaart, S. P., Macfarlane, P. W., Clark, E. N., Kearney, P. M., Westendorp, R. G. J., de Craen, A. J. M., & Sabayan, B. (2015). Resting heart rate, heart rate variability and functional decline in old age. C M A J, 187(15), E442-E449. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.150462

Vancouver

Ogliari G, Mahinrad S, Stott DJ, Jukema JW, Mooijaart SP, Macfarlane PW et al. Resting heart rate, heart rate variability and functional decline in old age. C M A J. 2015 Oct 20;187(15):E442-E449. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.150462

Author

Ogliari, Giulia ; Mahinrad, Simin ; Stott, David J ; Jukema, J Wouter ; Mooijaart, Simon P ; Macfarlane, Peter W ; Clark, Elaine N ; Kearney, Patricia M ; Westendorp, Rudi G J ; de Craen, Anton J M ; Sabayan, Behnam. / Resting heart rate, heart rate variability and functional decline in old age. In: C M A J. 2015 ; Vol. 187, No. 15. pp. E442-E449.

Bibtex

@article{16febd5c423b4677975943a8efaf6f1b,
title = "Resting heart rate, heart rate variability and functional decline in old age",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Heart rate and heart rate variability, markers of cardiac autonomic function, have been linked with cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether heart rate and heart rate variability are associated with functional status in older adults, independent of cardiovascular disease.METHODS: We obtained data from the Prospective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER). A total of 5042 participants were included in the present study, and mean followup was 3.2 years. Heart rate and heart rate variability were derived from baseline 10-second electrocardiograms. Heart rate variability was defined as the standard deviation of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN). Functional status in basic (ADL) and instrumental (IADL) activities of daily living was measured using Barthel and Lawton scales, at baseline and during follow-up.RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 75.3 years. At baseline, higher heart rate was associated with worse ADL and IADL, and lower SDNN was related to worse IADL (all p values < 0.05). Participants in the highest tertile of heart rate (range 71-117 beats/min) had a 1.79-fold (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.45-2.22) and 1.35-fold (95% CI 1.12-1.63) higher risk of decline in ADL and IADL, respectively (p for trend < 0.001 and 0.001, respectively). Participants in the lowest tertile of SDNN (range 1.70-13.30 ms) had 1.21-fold (95% CI 1.00-1.46) and 1.25-fold (95% CI 1.05-1.48) higher risk of decline in ADL and IADL, respectively (both p for trends < 0.05). All associations were independent of sex, medications, cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities.INTERPRETATION: Higher resting heart rate and lower heart rate variability were associated with worse functional status and with higher risk of future functional decline in older adults, independent of cardiovascular disease. This study provides insight into the role of cardiac autonomic function in the development of functional decline.",
author = "Giulia Ogliari and Simin Mahinrad and Stott, {David J} and Jukema, {J Wouter} and Mooijaart, {Simon P} and Macfarlane, {Peter W} and Clark, {Elaine N} and Kearney, {Patricia M} and Westendorp, {Rudi G J} and {de Craen}, {Anton J M} and Behnam Sabayan",
note = "{\textcopyright} 8872147 Canada Inc.",
year = "2015",
month = oct,
day = "20",
doi = "10.1503/cmaj.150462",
language = "English",
volume = "187",
pages = "E442--E449",
journal = "C M A J",
issn = "0820-3946",
publisher = "Canadian Medical Association",
number = "15",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Resting heart rate, heart rate variability and functional decline in old age

AU - Ogliari, Giulia

AU - Mahinrad, Simin

AU - Stott, David J

AU - Jukema, J Wouter

AU - Mooijaart, Simon P

AU - Macfarlane, Peter W

AU - Clark, Elaine N

AU - Kearney, Patricia M

AU - Westendorp, Rudi G J

AU - de Craen, Anton J M

AU - Sabayan, Behnam

N1 - © 8872147 Canada Inc.

PY - 2015/10/20

Y1 - 2015/10/20

N2 - BACKGROUND: Heart rate and heart rate variability, markers of cardiac autonomic function, have been linked with cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether heart rate and heart rate variability are associated with functional status in older adults, independent of cardiovascular disease.METHODS: We obtained data from the Prospective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER). A total of 5042 participants were included in the present study, and mean followup was 3.2 years. Heart rate and heart rate variability were derived from baseline 10-second electrocardiograms. Heart rate variability was defined as the standard deviation of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN). Functional status in basic (ADL) and instrumental (IADL) activities of daily living was measured using Barthel and Lawton scales, at baseline and during follow-up.RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 75.3 years. At baseline, higher heart rate was associated with worse ADL and IADL, and lower SDNN was related to worse IADL (all p values < 0.05). Participants in the highest tertile of heart rate (range 71-117 beats/min) had a 1.79-fold (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.45-2.22) and 1.35-fold (95% CI 1.12-1.63) higher risk of decline in ADL and IADL, respectively (p for trend < 0.001 and 0.001, respectively). Participants in the lowest tertile of SDNN (range 1.70-13.30 ms) had 1.21-fold (95% CI 1.00-1.46) and 1.25-fold (95% CI 1.05-1.48) higher risk of decline in ADL and IADL, respectively (both p for trends < 0.05). All associations were independent of sex, medications, cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities.INTERPRETATION: Higher resting heart rate and lower heart rate variability were associated with worse functional status and with higher risk of future functional decline in older adults, independent of cardiovascular disease. This study provides insight into the role of cardiac autonomic function in the development of functional decline.

AB - BACKGROUND: Heart rate and heart rate variability, markers of cardiac autonomic function, have been linked with cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether heart rate and heart rate variability are associated with functional status in older adults, independent of cardiovascular disease.METHODS: We obtained data from the Prospective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER). A total of 5042 participants were included in the present study, and mean followup was 3.2 years. Heart rate and heart rate variability were derived from baseline 10-second electrocardiograms. Heart rate variability was defined as the standard deviation of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN). Functional status in basic (ADL) and instrumental (IADL) activities of daily living was measured using Barthel and Lawton scales, at baseline and during follow-up.RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 75.3 years. At baseline, higher heart rate was associated with worse ADL and IADL, and lower SDNN was related to worse IADL (all p values < 0.05). Participants in the highest tertile of heart rate (range 71-117 beats/min) had a 1.79-fold (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.45-2.22) and 1.35-fold (95% CI 1.12-1.63) higher risk of decline in ADL and IADL, respectively (p for trend < 0.001 and 0.001, respectively). Participants in the lowest tertile of SDNN (range 1.70-13.30 ms) had 1.21-fold (95% CI 1.00-1.46) and 1.25-fold (95% CI 1.05-1.48) higher risk of decline in ADL and IADL, respectively (both p for trends < 0.05). All associations were independent of sex, medications, cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidities.INTERPRETATION: Higher resting heart rate and lower heart rate variability were associated with worse functional status and with higher risk of future functional decline in older adults, independent of cardiovascular disease. This study provides insight into the role of cardiac autonomic function in the development of functional decline.

U2 - 10.1503/cmaj.150462

DO - 10.1503/cmaj.150462

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26323697

VL - 187

SP - E442-E449

JO - C M A J

JF - C M A J

SN - 0820-3946

IS - 15

ER -

ID: 146207017