Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000. / Mortensen, Laust Hvas; Diderichsen, F; Arntzen, A; Gissler, M; Cnattingius, S; Schnor, O; Davey-Smith, G; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo.

In: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, Vol. 62, No. 4, 2008, p. 325-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Mortensen, LH, Diderichsen, F, Arntzen, A, Gissler, M, Cnattingius, S, Schnor, O, Davey-Smith, G & Andersen, A-MN 2008, 'Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000', Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 325-31. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.061473

APA

Mortensen, L. H., Diderichsen, F., Arntzen, A., Gissler, M., Cnattingius, S., Schnor, O., ... Andersen, A-M. N. (2008). Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 62(4), 325-31. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.061473

Vancouver

Mortensen LH, Diderichsen F, Arntzen A, Gissler M, Cnattingius S, Schnor O et al. Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 2008;62(4):325-31. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.061473

Author

Mortensen, Laust Hvas ; Diderichsen, F ; Arntzen, A ; Gissler, M ; Cnattingius, S ; Schnor, O ; Davey-Smith, G ; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo. / Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000. In: Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 2008 ; Vol. 62, No. 4. pp. 325-31.

Bibtex

@article{cafe3be0c20f11dd8ca2000ea68e967b,
title = "Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To examine the socioeconomic patterns and time trends in fetal growth in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden from 1981 to 2000. Design and settings: Data on all live-born singleton births was drawn from national population registries in each of the four countries (Denmark n = 1,077,584; Finland n = 400,442; Norway n = 929,458; Sweden n = 1,761,562). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Slope index of inequality (SII) and mean differences in birthweight for gestational age, SII and risk differences in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants. RESULTS: In all countries, gradients in fetal growth by parental education existed. Low parental education was associated with lower birthweight, increased risk of SGA and decreased risk of LGA. Mother's education exerted the strongest influence on outcomes, whereas father's education had a weaker effect. The educational gradients as measured by the SII were generally steepest in Denmark, followed by Norway, Sweden, and Finland. From 1981 to 2000, the educational gradients in birthweight decreased in all countries, except Denmark where it increased. All countries experienced small decreases in the educational gradient in SGA over time. CONCLUSION: The economic recession in Denmark in the 1980s was concurrent with an increase in disparities in fetal growth, whereas the economic recession in Finland and Sweden in the early 1990s did not substantially increase the socioeconomic inequality in fetal growth. The economic growth in the later part of the 1990s may have diminished the socioeconomic inequality in fetal growth in Finland, Norway, and Sweden.",
author = "Mortensen, {Laust Hvas} and F Diderichsen and A Arntzen and M Gissler and S Cnattingius and O Schnor and G Davey-Smith and Andersen, {Anne-Marie Nybo}",
note = "Keywords: Adult; Birth Weight; Educational Status; Fathers; Female; Fetal Development; Fetal Macrosomia; Finland; Gestational Age; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Infant, Small for Gestational Age; Male; Mothers; Scandinavia",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1136/jech.2007.061473",
language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "325--31",
journal = "Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health",
issn = "0143-005X",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social inequality in fetal growth: a comparative study of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the period 1981-2000

AU - Mortensen, Laust Hvas

AU - Diderichsen, F

AU - Arntzen, A

AU - Gissler, M

AU - Cnattingius, S

AU - Schnor, O

AU - Davey-Smith, G

AU - Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo

N1 - Keywords: Adult; Birth Weight; Educational Status; Fathers; Female; Fetal Development; Fetal Macrosomia; Finland; Gestational Age; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Infant, Small for Gestational Age; Male; Mothers; Scandinavia

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the socioeconomic patterns and time trends in fetal growth in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden from 1981 to 2000. Design and settings: Data on all live-born singleton births was drawn from national population registries in each of the four countries (Denmark n = 1,077,584; Finland n = 400,442; Norway n = 929,458; Sweden n = 1,761,562). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Slope index of inequality (SII) and mean differences in birthweight for gestational age, SII and risk differences in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants. RESULTS: In all countries, gradients in fetal growth by parental education existed. Low parental education was associated with lower birthweight, increased risk of SGA and decreased risk of LGA. Mother's education exerted the strongest influence on outcomes, whereas father's education had a weaker effect. The educational gradients as measured by the SII were generally steepest in Denmark, followed by Norway, Sweden, and Finland. From 1981 to 2000, the educational gradients in birthweight decreased in all countries, except Denmark where it increased. All countries experienced small decreases in the educational gradient in SGA over time. CONCLUSION: The economic recession in Denmark in the 1980s was concurrent with an increase in disparities in fetal growth, whereas the economic recession in Finland and Sweden in the early 1990s did not substantially increase the socioeconomic inequality in fetal growth. The economic growth in the later part of the 1990s may have diminished the socioeconomic inequality in fetal growth in Finland, Norway, and Sweden.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To examine the socioeconomic patterns and time trends in fetal growth in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden from 1981 to 2000. Design and settings: Data on all live-born singleton births was drawn from national population registries in each of the four countries (Denmark n = 1,077,584; Finland n = 400,442; Norway n = 929,458; Sweden n = 1,761,562). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Slope index of inequality (SII) and mean differences in birthweight for gestational age, SII and risk differences in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants. RESULTS: In all countries, gradients in fetal growth by parental education existed. Low parental education was associated with lower birthweight, increased risk of SGA and decreased risk of LGA. Mother's education exerted the strongest influence on outcomes, whereas father's education had a weaker effect. The educational gradients as measured by the SII were generally steepest in Denmark, followed by Norway, Sweden, and Finland. From 1981 to 2000, the educational gradients in birthweight decreased in all countries, except Denmark where it increased. All countries experienced small decreases in the educational gradient in SGA over time. CONCLUSION: The economic recession in Denmark in the 1980s was concurrent with an increase in disparities in fetal growth, whereas the economic recession in Finland and Sweden in the early 1990s did not substantially increase the socioeconomic inequality in fetal growth. The economic growth in the later part of the 1990s may have diminished the socioeconomic inequality in fetal growth in Finland, Norway, and Sweden.

U2 - 10.1136/jech.2007.061473

DO - 10.1136/jech.2007.061473

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18339825

VL - 62

SP - 325

EP - 331

JO - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 8855649