Stillbirth and congenital anomalies in migrants in Europe

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

The risk of giving birth to a stillborn child or a child with severe congenital anomaly is higher for women who have immigrated to Europe as compared to the majority population in the receiving country. The literature, however, reveals great differences between migrant groups, even within migrants from low-income countries, although there is no clear pattern regarding refugee or non-refugee status. This heterogeneity argues against a particular migration-related explanation. There are social disparities in stillbirth risk worldwide, and it has been suggested that the demonstrated ethnic disparity is a result of the socioeconomic disadvantage most migrants face. Consanguinity has been considered as another cause for the increased stillbirth risk and the high risk of congenital anomaly observed in many migrant groups. Utilization and quality of care during pregnancy and childbirth is the third major aspect. All three factors seem to contribute to stillbirth risk, and they should be considered in clinical practice and public health.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBest Practice & Research: Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Pages (from-to)50-59
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

ID: 161081003