The GABAA Antagonist DPP-4-PIOL Selectively Antagonises Tonic over Phasic GABAergic Currents in Dentate Gyrus Granule Cells

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

The GABAA Antagonist DPP-4-PIOL Selectively Antagonises Tonic over Phasic GABAergic Currents in Dentate Gyrus Granule Cells. / Boddum, Kim; Frølund, Bente; Kristiansen, Uffe.

In: Neurochemical Research, Vol. 39, No. 11, 08.08.2014, p. 2078–2084.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Boddum, K, Frølund, B & Kristiansen, U 2014, 'The GABAA Antagonist DPP-4-PIOL Selectively Antagonises Tonic over Phasic GABAergic Currents in Dentate Gyrus Granule Cells', Neurochemical Research, vol. 39, no. 11, pp. 2078–2084. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-014-1397-9

APA

Boddum, K., Frølund, B., & Kristiansen, U. (2014). The GABAA Antagonist DPP-4-PIOL Selectively Antagonises Tonic over Phasic GABAergic Currents in Dentate Gyrus Granule Cells. Neurochemical Research, 39(11), 2078–2084. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-014-1397-9

Vancouver

Boddum K, Frølund B, Kristiansen U. The GABAA Antagonist DPP-4-PIOL Selectively Antagonises Tonic over Phasic GABAergic Currents in Dentate Gyrus Granule Cells. Neurochemical Research. 2014 Aug 8;39(11):2078–2084. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-014-1397-9

Author

Boddum, Kim ; Frølund, Bente ; Kristiansen, Uffe. / The GABAA Antagonist DPP-4-PIOL Selectively Antagonises Tonic over Phasic GABAergic Currents in Dentate Gyrus Granule Cells. In: Neurochemical Research. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 11. pp. 2078–2084.

Bibtex

@article{26d3f91f0a074e258f074e0e3ca0c12e,
title = "The GABAA Antagonist DPP-4-PIOL Selectively Antagonises Tonic over Phasic GABAergic Currents in Dentate Gyrus Granule Cells",
abstract = "GABAA receptors mediate two different types of inhibitory currents: phasic inhibitory currents when rapid and brief presynaptic GABA release activates postsynaptic GABAA receptors and tonic inhibitory currents generated by low extrasynaptic GABA levels, persistently activating extrasynaptic GABAA receptors. The two inhibitory current types are mediated by different subpopulations of GABAA receptors with diverse pharmacological profiles. Selective antagonism of tonic currents is of special interest as excessive tonic inhibition post-stroke has severe pathological consequences. Here we demonstrate that phasic and tonic GABAA receptor currents can be selectively inhibited by the antagonists SR 95531 and the 4-PIOL derivative, 4-(3,3-diphenylpropyl)-5-(4-piperidyl)-3-isoxazolol hydrobromide (DPP-4-PIOL), respectively. In dentate gyrus granule cells, SR 95531 was found approximately 4 times as potent inhibiting phasic currents compared to tonic currents (IC50 values: 101 vs. 427 nM). Conversely, DPP-4-PIOL was estimated to be more than 20 times as potent inhibiting tonic current compared to phasic current (IC50 values: 0.87 vs. 21.3 nM). Consequently, we were able to impose a pronounced reduction in tonic GABA mediated current (>70 {\%}) by concentrations of DPP-4-PIOL, at which no significant effect on the phasic current was seen. Our findings demonstrate that selective inhibition of GABA mediated tonic current is possible, when targeting a subpopulation of GABAA receptors located extrasynaptically using the antagonist, DPP-4-PIOL.",
keywords = "Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, GABA-A Receptor Antagonists, Hippocampus, tonic inhibition, Synaptic Transmission",
author = "Kim Boddum and Bente Fr{\o}lund and Uffe Kristiansen",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1007/s11064-014-1397-9",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "2078–2084",
journal = "Neurochemical Research",
issn = "0364-3190",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The GABAA Antagonist DPP-4-PIOL Selectively Antagonises Tonic over Phasic GABAergic Currents in Dentate Gyrus Granule Cells

AU - Boddum, Kim

AU - Frølund, Bente

AU - Kristiansen, Uffe

PY - 2014/8/8

Y1 - 2014/8/8

N2 - GABAA receptors mediate two different types of inhibitory currents: phasic inhibitory currents when rapid and brief presynaptic GABA release activates postsynaptic GABAA receptors and tonic inhibitory currents generated by low extrasynaptic GABA levels, persistently activating extrasynaptic GABAA receptors. The two inhibitory current types are mediated by different subpopulations of GABAA receptors with diverse pharmacological profiles. Selective antagonism of tonic currents is of special interest as excessive tonic inhibition post-stroke has severe pathological consequences. Here we demonstrate that phasic and tonic GABAA receptor currents can be selectively inhibited by the antagonists SR 95531 and the 4-PIOL derivative, 4-(3,3-diphenylpropyl)-5-(4-piperidyl)-3-isoxazolol hydrobromide (DPP-4-PIOL), respectively. In dentate gyrus granule cells, SR 95531 was found approximately 4 times as potent inhibiting phasic currents compared to tonic currents (IC50 values: 101 vs. 427 nM). Conversely, DPP-4-PIOL was estimated to be more than 20 times as potent inhibiting tonic current compared to phasic current (IC50 values: 0.87 vs. 21.3 nM). Consequently, we were able to impose a pronounced reduction in tonic GABA mediated current (>70 %) by concentrations of DPP-4-PIOL, at which no significant effect on the phasic current was seen. Our findings demonstrate that selective inhibition of GABA mediated tonic current is possible, when targeting a subpopulation of GABAA receptors located extrasynaptically using the antagonist, DPP-4-PIOL.

AB - GABAA receptors mediate two different types of inhibitory currents: phasic inhibitory currents when rapid and brief presynaptic GABA release activates postsynaptic GABAA receptors and tonic inhibitory currents generated by low extrasynaptic GABA levels, persistently activating extrasynaptic GABAA receptors. The two inhibitory current types are mediated by different subpopulations of GABAA receptors with diverse pharmacological profiles. Selective antagonism of tonic currents is of special interest as excessive tonic inhibition post-stroke has severe pathological consequences. Here we demonstrate that phasic and tonic GABAA receptor currents can be selectively inhibited by the antagonists SR 95531 and the 4-PIOL derivative, 4-(3,3-diphenylpropyl)-5-(4-piperidyl)-3-isoxazolol hydrobromide (DPP-4-PIOL), respectively. In dentate gyrus granule cells, SR 95531 was found approximately 4 times as potent inhibiting phasic currents compared to tonic currents (IC50 values: 101 vs. 427 nM). Conversely, DPP-4-PIOL was estimated to be more than 20 times as potent inhibiting tonic current compared to phasic current (IC50 values: 0.87 vs. 21.3 nM). Consequently, we were able to impose a pronounced reduction in tonic GABA mediated current (>70 %) by concentrations of DPP-4-PIOL, at which no significant effect on the phasic current was seen. Our findings demonstrate that selective inhibition of GABA mediated tonic current is possible, when targeting a subpopulation of GABAA receptors located extrasynaptically using the antagonist, DPP-4-PIOL.

KW - Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

KW - GABA-A Receptor Antagonists

KW - Hippocampus

KW - tonic inhibition

KW - Synaptic Transmission

U2 - 10.1007/s11064-014-1397-9

DO - 10.1007/s11064-014-1397-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25103229

VL - 39

SP - 2078

EP - 2084

JO - Neurochemical Research

JF - Neurochemical Research

SN - 0364-3190

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 122656409