Thermoregulatory responses with size-matched simulated torso or limb skin grafts
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Skin grafting following a burn injury attenuates/abolishes sweat production within grafted areas. It is presently unknown whether the thermoregulatory consequences of skin grafting depend on anatomical location.
Purpose: To test the hypothesis that a simulated burn injury on the torso will be no more or less detrimental to core temperature control than on the limbs during uncompensable exercise-heat stress.
Methods: Nine non-burned individuals (7 males, 2 females) completed the protocol. On separate occasions, burn injuries of identical surface area (0.45 ± 0.08 m2 or 24.4% ± 4.4% of total body surface area) were simulated on the torso or the arms/legs using an absorbent, vapor-impermeable material that impedes sweat evaporation in those regions. Participants performed 60 min of treadmill walking at 5.3 km·h-1 and a 4.1% ± 0.8% grade, targeting 6 W·kg-1 of metabolic heat production in 40.1°C ± 0.2°C and 19.6% ± 0.6% relative humidity conditions. Rectal temperature, heart rate, and perceptual responses were measured.
Results: Rectal temperature increased to a similar extent with simulated injuries on the torso and limbs (condition-by-time interaction: P = 0.86), with a final rectal temperature 0.9 ± 0.3°C above baseline in both conditions. No differences in heart rate, perceived exertion, or thermal sensation were observed between conditions (condition-by-time interactions: P ≥ 0.50).
Conclusion: During uncompensable exercise-heat stress, sized-matched simulated burn injuries on the torso or limbs evoke comparable core temperature, heart rate, and perceptual responses, suggesting that the risk of exertional heat illness in such environmental conditions is independent of injury location.
|Journal||Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 27 Apr 2021|
Copyright © 2021 American College of Sports Medicine.
- Faculty of Science - Sweat rate, Core temperature, Heat stress, Burn survivor, Burn injury