Trends in Precarious Employment in Sweden 1992-2017: A Social Determinant of Health

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  • Theo Bodin
  • Nuria Matilla-Santander
  • Jenny Selander
  • Per Gustavsson
  • Tomas Hemmingsson
  • Gun Johansson
  • Johanna Jonsson
  • Katarina Kjellberg
  • Kreshpaj, Bertina
  • Cecilia Orellana
  • Eskil Wadensjo
  • Maria Albin

The aim of this study was to identify trends in precarious employment in the Swedish workforce from 1992 to 2017. This is a repeated cross-sectional study, analyzing the total working population aged 16-75 in Sweden at five-year intervals. We used version 2.0 of the Swedish Register-based Operationalization of Precarious Employment, covering the following dimensions: employment insecurity, income inadequacy, lack of rights and protection. The proportion in precarious employment increased from 9.7 to 12% between 1992 and 2017, a relative increase of 24%. The prevalence was higher among those of lower age, of low education, and immigrants. Differences between sexes converged, and there were slightly more precarious men than women in 2017. The relative increase was most pronounced among men, especially those with low educational attainment and of European origin. The increasing proportion of precarious employees is a clear challenge to the tripartite Nordic model, which requires sufficient trade-union bargaining power.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12797
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number19
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2022

    Research areas

  • temporary employment, non-standard employment, labor market, employment quality, income, unionization, CANADA, WORK

ID: 323006897